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The objective in all that we do is to assist humanity in balancing mental health (which is different from actually treating mental illness) so that we as a global community can make better decisions that are beneficial and life sustaining to all.
“Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood”.
Lets have a discussion on this very important health topic: Take the survey below.
There are many conditions that have a psychological, developmental, or a cultural origin that can have a negative effect on cognitive and behavioral functions. In addition, though a condition may not have a psychiatric origin, the distress or impairment could require a means for balancing mental health in an effort of preventative measures to psychiatric care.
According to the World Health Organization, Adolescence is a crucial period in one’s life for developing and maintaining healthy social and emotional habits and lifestyles important for mental health balance like healthy sleep patterns, regular exercise, healthy coping strategies, Problem-solving & interpersonal skills, and learning to manage emotions.
Supportive circles at home, in school, at work, and in the community are also important. It is estimated that 10-20% of adolescents globally experience mental health conditions, yet these remain underdiagnosed and undertreated.–WHO
When left untreated, mental health disorders can lead to serious, even life-threatening consequences. Depression, other mental health disorders, and substance use disorders are major risk factors for suicide. Suicide is the second leading cause of death for 15 – 24 year olds. In 2013 and 2014, children ages 10 – 14 were more likely to die from suicide than in a motor vehicle accident. –HHS
- One in six people are aged 10–19 years.
- Mental health conditions account for 16% of the global burden of disease and injury in people aged 10–19 years.
- Half of all mental health conditions start by 14 years of age but most cases are undetected and untreated.
- Globally, depression is one of the leading causes of illness and disability among adolescents.
- Suicide is the third leading cause of death in 15-19-year-olds.
- The consequences of not addressing adolescent mental health conditions extend to adulthood, impairing both physical and mental health and limiting opportunities to lead fulfilling lives as adults.
- Suicide is the second leading cause of death among persons aged 10–24 years in the United States.
- Trends in suicide rates were examined for all mechanisms combined, by sex, by the three leading mechanisms of suicide (firearm, suffocation, and poisoning), and by all other mechanisms combined for groups (10-14, 15-19, and 20-24 years old) with increasing rates of suffocation suicides among young persons (ages 3-5)
- The global rate of suicide was 10.5 per 100,000 population in 2016
Disorders A – Z
– This is the biggest problem you probably didn’t know about that’s worth your attention right now. Mental health, disorders, and how to properly manage them.
Don’t wait for your health care provider to ask about your mental health. Start the conversation. Here are five tips to help prepare and guide you on how to talk to your health care provider about your mental health and get the most out of your visit.
1 Don’t know where to start for help? Talk to your primary care provider. (Locate a doctor by specialty).
f you’re going to your primary care provider for other health concerns, remember to bring up your mental health concerns. Mental health is an integral part of health. Often, people with mental disorders can be at risk for other medical conditions, such as heart disease or diabetes. In many primary care settings now, you may be asked if you’re feeling anxious or depressed, or if you have had thoughts of suicide. Take this opportunity to talk to your primary care provider, who can help refer you to a mental health specialist. You also can visit the NIMH Find Help for Mental Illnesses webpage for help finding a health care provider or treatment.
. Prepare ahead of your visit.
Health care providers have a limited amount of time for each appointment. Think of your questions or concerns beforehand, and write them down.
- Prepare your questions. Make a list of what you want to discuss and any questions or concerns you might have. This worksheet can help you prepare your questions.
- Prepare a list of your medications. It’s important to tell your health care provider about all the medications you’re taking, including over-the-counter (nonprescription) drugs, herbal remedies, vitamins, and supplements. This worksheet can help you track your medications.
- Review your family history. Certain mental illnesses tend to run in families, and having a close relative with a mental disorder could mean you’re at a higher risk. Knowing your family mental health history can help you determine whether you are at a higher risk for certain disorders. It also can help your health care provider recommend actions for reducing your risk and enable both you and your provider to look for early warning signs.
ADDICTION – the fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity.
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) -include inattention (not being able to keep focus), hyperactivity (excess movement that is not fitting to the setting) and impulsivity (hasty acts that occur in the moment without thought).
ADJUSTMENT Disorder – Adjustment disorder, sometimes referred to as situational depression, is an abnormal and excessive reaction to an identifiable life stressor. The reaction is more severe than would normally be expected and can result in significant impairment in social, occupational, or academic functioning.
AGORAPHOBIA, or Panic Disorder – a fear of any situation which help or escape is difficult or impossible.
AMOK SYNDROME – first reported in the Malay people, usually male, consisting of a period of brooding followed by a sudden outburst of indiscriminate murderous frenzy, sometimes provoked by an insult, jealousy or sense of desperation. The person who runs amok may also die in a form of murder-suicide.
ANOREXIA NERVOSA – an eating disorder and psychological condition marked by extreme self-starvation due to a distorted body image.
ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) – is a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities.
ASR (Acute Stress Reaction) – is a trauma and stressor related disorder characterized by intrusive memories, negative mood, dissociation, avoidance, and/or hyperarousal experienced during the first month after a potentially traumatic event.
3. Consider bringing a friend or relative.
Sometimes it’s helpful to bring a close friend or relative to your appointment. It can be difficult to absorb all the information your health care provider shares, especially if you are not feeling well. Your companion can be there for support, help you take notes, and remember what you and the provider discussed. They also might be able to offer input to your provider about how they think you are doing.
4. Be honest.
Your health care provider can help you get better only if you have clear and honest communication. It is important to remember that communications between you and a health care provider are private and confidential and cannot be shared with anyone without your expressed permission. Describe all your symptoms with your provider, and be specific about when they started, how severe they are, and how often they occur. You also should share any major stresses or recent life changes that could be triggering symptoms.
Examples of symptoms include:
- Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
- Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
- Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
- Decreased energy or fatigue
- Moving or talking more slowly
- Feeling restless or having trouble sitting still
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
- Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
- Appetite or weight changes (or both)
- Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts
- Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause and/or that do not ease even with treatment
5. Ask questions.
If you have questions or even doubts about a diagnosis or treatment your health care provider gives, ask for more information. If your provider suggests a treatment you’re not comfortable or familiar with, express your concerns and ask if there are other options. It’s okay to disagree with your provider on what treatment to try. You may decide to try a combination of approaches. You also may want to get another opinion from a different health care provider. It’s important to remember that there is no “one-size-fits-all” treatment. You may need to try a few different health care providers and several different treatments, or a combination of treatments, before finding one that works best for you.
BINGE-EATING Disorder – is the over-consumption of very large quantities of food in a brief period of out of control binge. The binge eating is chronic and can lead to serious health complications, as severe obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and distress.
BIPOLAR Disorder – brain disorders that cause changes in a person’s mood, energy and ability to function. People with bipolar disorders have extreme and intense emotional states that occur at distinct times, called mood episodes. These mood episodes are categorized as manic, hypomanic or depressive.
BDD (Body Dysmorphic Disorder) – a pathological preoccupation with an imagined or slight physical defect of one’s body to the point of causing significant stress or behavioral impairment in several areas, as in work and personal relationships.
BULIMIA NERVOSA – individuals with bulimia nervosa can be slightly underweight, normal weight, overweight or even obese, but they are not as underweight as people with anorexia nervosa. Sufferers binge eat frequently, and may eat an astounding amount of food in a short time consuming thousands of calories that are high in sugars, carbohydrates and fat. They can eat very rapidly, sometimes gulping down food without even tasting it.
CLAUSTROPHOBIA – is a form of anxiety disorder, in which an irrational fear of having no escape or being closed-in, what may be considered to be a small space, can lead to a panic attack.
CTE Chronic Traumatic – Encephalopathy – is a neurodegenerative syndrome that has been linked to serious psychiatric symptoms, including depression, aggression, and suicidal behavior.
COMMUNICATION Disorders – SCD is characterized by a persistent difficulty with verbal and nonverbal communication that cannot be explained by low cognitive ability. Symptoms include difficulty in the acquisition and use of spoken and written language as well as problems with inappropriate responses in conversation.
In 2017, suicide claimed the lives of more than 47,000 people in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Suicide affects people of all ages, genders, races, and ethnicities.
Suicide is complicated and tragic, but it can be preventable. Knowing the warning signs for suicide and how to get help can help save lives.
Here are 5 steps you can take to #BeThe1To help someone in emotional pain:
- ASK: “Are you thinking about killing yourself?” It’s not an easy question but studies show that asking at-risk individuals if they are suicidal does not increase suicides or suicidal thoughts.
- KEEP THEM SAFE: Reducing a suicidal person’s access to highly lethal items or places is an important part of suicide prevention. While this is not always easy, asking if the at-risk person has a plan and removing or disabling the lethal means can make a difference.
- BE THERE: Listen carefully and learn what the individual is thinking and feeling. Research suggests acknowledging and talking about suicide may in fact reduce rather than increase suicidal thoughts.
- HELP THEM CONNECT: Save the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline’s number in your phone so it’s there when you need it: 1-800-273-TALK (8255). You can also help make a connection with a trusted individual like a family member, friend, spiritual advisor, or mental health professional.
- STAY CONNECTED: Staying in touch after a crisis or after being discharged from care can make a difference. Studies have shown the number of suicide deaths goes down when someone follows up with the at-risk person.
For more information on suicide prevention: www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/suicide-prevention.
Alcohol Research: Current Reviews (ISSN: 2168–3492) is a peer-reviewed journal produced by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Issue 40 Number 1
–From the Editors Laura E. Kwako, Jenica Patterson, Ihsan M. Salloum, and Ryan S. Trim
–Alcohol Use Disorder and Depressive Disorders Kathryn McHugh and Roger D. Weiss
–Suicidal Behavior: Links Between Alcohol Use Disorder and Acute Use of Alcohol Kenneth R. Conner and Courtney L. Bagge
–Co-Occurring Alcohol Use Disorder and Anxiety: Bridging the Psychiatric, Psychological, and Neurobiological Perspectives Justin J. Anker and Matt G. Kushner
–Biobehavioral Interactions Between Stress and Alcohol Marcus M. Weera and Nicholas W. Gilpin
–Alcohol Use Disorder and Antisocial and Borderline Personality Disorders Ashley C. Helle, Ashley L. Watts, Timothy J. Trull, and Kenneth J. Sher
–Alcohol Use Disorder and Schizophrenia/Schizoaffective Disorders Luke Archibald, Mary Brunette, Diana Wallin, and Alan I. Green
–Integrating Treatment for Co-Occurring Mental Health Conditions Amy M. Yule and John F. Kelly
|–Alcohol Use Disorder and Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder|
People with schizophrenia spectrum disorders have high rates of co-occurring substance use disorder, including alcohol use disorder (AUD). For individuals who have schizophrenia, AUD is associated with depression, suicidality, medication nonadherence, chronic physical problems, homelessness, aggression, violence, incarceration, and high rates of hospitalization. This article provides an updated review of the epidemiology, underlying neurobiology, and treatment of people with co-occurring AUD and schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Read the full article
DELIRIUM (Acute Confusional State) – a serious disturbance in mental abilities that results in confused thinking and reduced awareness of surroundings. Common causes of this are usually due to intoxication or sleep deprivation, rather than underlying disease.
DELUSIONAL Disorder – A belief or altered reality that is persistently held despite evidence or agreement to the contrary.
DEPRESSION – Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks.
DEPERSONALIZATION or DEREALIZATION (DPDR) – is a mental disorder in which the person has persistent or recurrent feelings of depersonalization or derealization. Depersonalization is described as feeling disconnected or detached from one’s self.
DID (disassociative Identity Disorder) – previously known as multiple personality disorder (MPD), is a mental disorder characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring personality states. This is accompanied by memory gaps beyond what would be explained by ordinary forgetfulness.
DMDD (Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder)
ELIMINATION Disorder in CHILDREN – Elimination disorders occur in children who have problems going to the bathroom — both defecating and urinating. ..There are two types of elimination disorders, encopresis and enuresis. Encopresis is the repeated passing of feces into places other than the toilet, such as in underwear or on the floor. Enuresis is the repeated passing of urine in places other than the toilet. Enuresis occurs at night, or bed-wetting, is the most common type of elimination disorder. As with encopresis, this behavior may or may not be done on purpose.
EMOTIONAL Disorders – emotional disability characterized by the inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and/or teachers. Consistent or chronic inappropriate type of behavior or feelings under normal conditions.
“For a young person with symptoms of a mental disorder, the earlier it is treated, the more effective it can be. Early detection and treatment can help prevent more severe, lasting problems as a child grows up”…NIMH
FACTITIOUS Disorder – is a condition in which a person, without a malingering motive, acts as if they have an illness by deliberately producing, feigning, or exaggerating symptoms, purely to attain (for themselves or for another) a patient’s role.
GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder) – is characterized by persistent and excessive worry about a number of different things. People with GAD may anticipate disaster and may be overly concerned about school, peers, money, health, family, work, or other issues. Individuals with GAD find it difficult to control their worry.
GAMBLING Disorder – involves repeated problematic gambling behavior that causes significant problems or distress. It is also called gambling addiction or compulsive gambling.
GENDER DYSPHORIA – is defined by strong, persistent feelings of identification with another gender and discomfort with one’s own assigned gender and sex and experience feelings of significant distress or impairment.
HAIR-PULLING Disorder – Trichotillomania (TTM), also known as hair pulling disorder or compulsive hair pulling, is a mental disorder characterized by a long-term urge that results in the pulling out of one’s hair. It occurs more commonly in those with obsessive compulsive disorder. Episodes of pulling may be triggered by anxiety.
HOARDING Disorder – is a persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions because of a perceived need to save them. A person experiences distress at the thought of getting rid of items. Excessive accumulation of items, regardless of actual value, occurs.
ILLNESS ANXIETY Disorder – the obsession with the idea of having a serious but undiagnosed medical condition.
IMPULSE-CONTROL and ADDICTION – is a condition in which a person has trouble controlling emotions or behaviors. Often, the behaviors violate the rights of others or conflict with societal norms and the law.
How do you cope?
REACTIVE ATTACHMENT Disorder – a condition in which your child is unable to establish healthy attachment with you, their parent or primary caretaker. … A child with an attachment disorder feels unsafe and alone. Children with RAD have been so disrupted in early life that their future relationships are also impaired.
SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder) – a mood disorder characterized by depression that occurs at the same time every year.Seasonal affective disorder occurs in climates where there is less sunlight at certain times of the year.
SCHIZOAFFECTIVE Disorder – is a mental health condition including schizophrenia and mood disorder symptoms.Schizoaffective disorder is a combination of symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorder, such as depression or bipolar disorder. Symptoms may occur at the same time or at different times.
SCHIZOPHRENIA – a disorder that affects a person’s ability to think, feel, and behave clearly.The exact cause of schizophrenia isn’t known, but a combination of genetics, environment, and altered brain chemistry and structure may play a role.
SELECTIVE MUTISM – a complex childhood anxiety disorder characterized by a child’s inability to speak and communicate effectively in select social settings, such as school. These children are able to speak and communicate in settings where they are comfortable, secure, and relaxed.
SEPARATION ANXIETY Disorder – is when a child becomes excessively anxious when separated from parents. Children are prone to separation anxiety during times of stress.
SKIN-PICKING Disorder – or excoriation disorder, is a repetitive behavior characterized by compulsive picking, scratching, or pulling of the skin. People pick their skin for different reasons. For example, they may also have a mental health condition, such as OCD or ADHD.
SLEEP Disorders – Changes in sleeping patterns or habits that can negatively affect health. MOST COMMON TYPES: Restless legs syndrome, which is a condition characterized by an irresistible urge to move the legs, typically in the evenings. Jet lag is a sleep disorder that can affect those who travel quickly across multiple time zones. Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that causes overwhelming daytime drowsiness.
SOCIAL ANXIETY Disorder – Chronic mental health condition in social interactions cause irrational anxiety. People with social anxiety disorder, everyday social interactions cause irrational anxiety, fear, self-consciousness, and embarrassment.
SOMATIC SYMPTOM Disorder – is a form of mental illness that causes one or more bodily symptoms, including pain.
SUBSTANCE USE Disorder – Or Drug Addiction, is a disease that affects a person’s brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication. Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs.
TAIJIN KYOFUSHO – Translated as “the disorder of fear,” taijin kyofusho, or TKS, is a specific, culturally bound, Japanese form of the social phobia anxiety disorder. This fear occurs in about 10 to 20 percent of Japanese people and is more common in men than women.
TIC Disorders – A compulsive, repetitive sound or movement that’s often difficult to control. Common causes aren’t due to underlying disease. Examples include transient tic disorders in childhood or family history of tic.
**Anger Management –
**Relationships and Marriage –
***Therapeutic and supportive services to adolescents as a preventative measure to self harm and/or community endangerment –
Mental health disorders are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and could cost the global economy some $16 trillion by 2030. Today, an estimated 300 million people worldwide suffer from depression, while suicide is the second leading cause of death among young people.WHO
Taking into consideration that all disorders are not the same, where applicable, what are some of the substance-free ways to cope?
For example, in cases of addiction, the goal is to gradually take steps toward replacing an unwanted habit with a habit more suitable to your goal of being substance-free.
Usually lifestyle changes have to be made, but change is good and new things can be great and filled with lifelong rewards. Sticking to your goal is key.
Answer as many questions as you can, that apply to you and your situation.
To think about:
When we take the time to ask ourselves and others about our or their mental status, we can potentially address crucial steps toward well-being.
We must access the opportunities to think of our mental health on a daily, weekly, monthly and annual basis – striving to reach a fluctuating wellness scale from a level of one to a level of ten with the intention of less of a languishing at one end and more of a flourishing at the other end as self awareness and emotional intelligence persists in a positive progressive direction. With open dialogue and care, the continuous help that is needed to feel better is easily obtainable.
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THE NEXT STEP … (optional activity)
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If you see the BLACK-BUCKS TRUCK,
then it’s happening…
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
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