What Does Your Five Year Plan Look Like?
Send us your announcements of important dates, events and newsworthy articles via email, or in the comment section at the end of this page, and we will share it on this world community calendar 🌍

OMHRC Knowledge Center Online Catalog

The Office of Minority Health Resource Center online


Population Profiles - Multi cultural group

Black/African American Health Profile

American Indian/Alaska Native Health Profile

Asian American Health Profile

Hispanic/Latino Health Profile

Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander American Health Profile




CDC’s One-Stop Shop

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Data & Statistics Fatal Injury Report for 2018, as of March 1, 2020. Suicide rates listed are Age-Adjusted Rates.

  • Suicide is the10th leading cause of death in the US
  • In 2018, 48,344 Americans died by suicide
  • In 2018, there were an estimated 1.4M suicide attempts
  • Become an advocate to help prevent suicide

Additional facts about suicide in the US

  • The age-adjusted suicide rate in 2018 was 14.2 per 100,000 individuals.
  • The rate of suicide is highest in middle-aged white men.
  • In 2018, men died by suicide 3.56x more often than women.
  • On average, there are 132 suicides per day.
  • White males accounted for 69.67% of suicide deaths in 2018.
  • In 2018, firearms accounted for 50.57% of all suicide deaths.

NASA: EARTH NOW – Keep an eye on our planets health with this completely awesome 3D visualizer

Graphic illustration of virtual meeting displayed on laptop computer Photo credit:

5 NSF-supported STEM education resources that are perfect for virtual learning

For many parents, teachers and students, back-to-school routines look a little different this year. Whether you’re a teacher searching for lesson-planning content or a parent looking for activities to supplement classroom instruction, these five U.S. National Science Foundation-supported STEM education resources are perfect for virtual learning.

Time-lapse photo showing the movement of stars across the sky over the Gemini North telescope
Star trails over Gemini North. Photo Credit: Gemini Observatory

1.  My Sky Tonight (pre-K)

Figuring out how to best engage young children in science topics can be intimidating. Luckily, the My Sky Tonight project can help. Astronomy educators at the Astronomical Society of the Pacific teamed up with developmental psychology researchers to produce a set of research-based, hands-on astronomy activities rich in science practices and designed for preschool-aged children. Lessons include activity guides and videos that teach children about a range of topics, from the phases of the moon to the sun’s energy. Additionally, tutorial videos provide a primer on how to guide young children’s learning across a range of disciplines.

two children experiment with liquids in beakers
Photo Credit: Mama Belle and the kids/Shutterstock

2.  Hands-on Chemistry Activities (grades K-12)

You don’t need a chemistry lab to teach chemistry. With the National Informal STEM Education Network’s “Let’s Do Chemistry” kits, learners explore what chemistry reveals about the world around them through hands-on activities involving everyday objects like chewing gumwater and soap. Each activity comes with handouts, instructions and training videos for teachers and parents, all of which are also available in Spanish.

graphic illustration of the science of the electromagnetic spectrum
Photo Credit: VectorMine/Shutterstock

3.  Greenbank Observatory’s ‘Try it at Home’ Activities (grades K-12)

Did you know a little red cabbage juice can go a long way in teaching students about the pH scale? Learn about acidic and basic substances, the electromagnetic spectrum, birds of prey and more on the Greenbank Observatory’s “Try it at Home” webpage. Resources include worksheets, coloring pages and hands-on activity guides and are color-coded from green to orange to indicate difficulty level and whether adult supervision is required.

an illustrated worksheet designed to teach kids about the Earth's water cycle
Photo Credit: NSF

4.  Earth Science Worksheets and Resources (grades K-7)

Unlock the wonder of science with these printable worksheets from NSF that introduce learners to key Earth science concepts like plate tectonics, water cycles, fossils and more. Check out NSF’s Earth & Environment Classroom Resources page for related coloring books and videos.

emoji swimmer superimposed over image of water
Photo Credit: NSF/NBC/GE

5.   Emoji Science Worksheets (grades 5-12)

Bring a bit of digitally inspired fun to your classroom with these emoji lesson plans. Lessons include engaging videos and hands-on activities that explore chemistry and physics using everyday objects. 

A penguin jumping into the water from a chunk of ice
Gentoo penguin leaping off ice flow into Mikkelsen Harbor, Antarctic Peninsula Photo Credit: Kelton W. McMahon, Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island

**Bonus: Virtual Field Trips (fun for all ages!)

Take your students on an adventure to the depths of the ocean or to the world’s largest solar telescope without leaving the classroom with these NSF-funded virtual escapes or invite one of our experts to speak with your class through our Speakers Bureau. Our scientists, engineers and other passionate professionals are available to provide STEM-related talks to your virtual elementary, middle, and high school students.

The brainbrainstem, spinal cord, and nerves.

Human brain bisected in the sagittal plane, showing the white matter of the corpus callosum
Third ventricle shown in red. The third ventricle is one of the four connected ventricles of the ventricular system within the mammalian brain. It is a slit-like cavity formed in the diencephalon between the two thalami, in the midline between the right and left lateral ventricles, and is filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
Blue – Lateral ventricles
Cyan – Interventricular foramina (Monro)
Yellow – Third ventricle
Red – Cerebral aqueduct (Sylvius)
Purple – fourth ventricle
Green – continuous with the central canal
(Apertures to subarachnoid space are not visible) – Wikipedia

Drugs affect mostly three areas of the brain:

  • The brain stem is in charge of all the functions our body needs to stay alive—breathing, moving blood, and digesting food. It also links the brain with the spinal cord, which runs down the back and moves muscles and limbs. It also lets the brain know what’s happening to the body.
  • The limbic system links together a bunch of brain structures that control our emotional responses, such as feeling pleasure when we eat chocolate or kiss someone we love. The good feelings motivate us to repeat the behavior, which can be good because things like eating and love are critical to our lives.
  • The cerebral cortex is the mushroom-shaped outer part of the brain (the gray matter). In humans, it is so big that it makes up about three-fourths of the entire brain. It’s divided into four areas, called lobes, which control specific functions. Some areas process information from our senses, allowing us to see, feel, hear, and taste. The front part of the cortex, known as the frontal cortex or forebrain, is the thinking center. It powers our ability to think, plan, solve problems, and make decisions.


Structural Violence, Social Justice, and Mental Illness

Preschool Curriculum: What’s In It For Children and Teachers (/Mommy’s and Daddy’s)

Preschool Curriculum is an accessible research synthesis of how and how much young children learn in the academic domains of oral language, literacy, mathematics, and science.


Drawing for Kids
Step-by-Step Tutorial
Here’s everything you need to get kids started with drawing, including a written tutorial and videos.
Learn More

Discover Your Creativity with Nathaniel Drew. Content creator Nathaniel Drew discusses finding his creative voice and uncovering inspiration online.
Learn More

Create a Green Oasis
Uplift your spirit and your space with plant care tips from Christopher Griffin, aka Plant Kween!
Explore Now
Make Playful Symmetrical Patterns
Illustrator Charly Clements is back with a new class showing how to create playful designs using Procreate’s symmetry tool.
Explore Now
Take Creative Conceptual Photos
Discover how to shoot and edit compelling conceptual photographs on your phone with photo artist Amelie Satzger.
Explore Now

Addressing the Crisis of Black Youth Suicide

By Joshua Gordon

Each September, people in the U.S. and around the world observe Suicide Prevention Awareness Month, a time to help raise awareness and share information about this important public health concern. As director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), I have made suicide prevention one of my top priorities, and although I have written about suicide in the past, I wanted to revisit this topic to bring attention to this critical area of concern.

One often overlooked aspect of the rising rates of suicide in the U.S. is its impact on youth — and in particular, its impact on Black youth. Black people face increased rates of risk factors, including experiences of racism, higher rates of unemployment and financial and food insecurity, disparities in other aspects of health, and limited access to care, all of which result in an increased burden of mental illness in black communities. Despite this heavy burden, Black people and individuals in other racial and ethnic minority groups have historically had relatively low rates of suicide. But this has been changing recently, especially for Black youth. As of 2018, suicide became the second leading cause of death in Black children aged 10-14, and the third leading cause of death in Black adolescents aged 15-19. By combining data from 2001 to 2015, researchers were able to examine suicides among children ages 12 and younger and found that Black children were more likely to die by suicide than their White peers.

This crisis of Black youth suicide is beginning to receive the attention it deserves. Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman (D-N.J.) and the Congressional Black Caucus deserve credit for raising awareness of the issue and for establishing the Emergence Taskforce on Black Youth Suicide and Mental Health. Their report, 

Ring the Alarm: The Crisis of Black Youth Suicide in America,

was released in December 2019. This report describes key research findings related to suicide among Black youth. Most importantly, it provides research, policy, and practice recommendations to address this issue, such as improving research funding of minority scientists and increasing funding of research focused on Black youth suicide and Black youth mental health.

More research is needed on how suicide and risk develops among Black youth, and how it can be best prevented. Significant questions remain in terms of understanding and predicting suicide risk among Black youth — while some risk factors have been well-researched and are clear (e.g., gender, victim of bullying and bullying others, LGBTQ+ discrimination, exposure to trauma, racial discrimination), there are other risk factors that are less clear. For example, some research suggests that Black adolescents who have contemplated or attempted suicide are less likely to have been diagnosed with a mental illness. Another significant risk factor is access to firearms — research points to higher rates of Black youth mortality due to firearms compared to other racial/ethnic groups — which is why we’re supporting infrastructure to improve research on firearm safety for youth.

One factor that may be contributing to increases in the risk of suicide in Black youth may be disparities in access to mental health services. Black youth continue to be less likely to receive mental health treatment for depression when needed, compared to White youth. Rates of engagement in and completion of treatments for depression are lower for Black adolescents (compared to White adolescents), often due to negative perceptions of services and providers and reluctance to acknowledge symptoms. Black youth are also significantly less likely than White youth to receive outpatient treatment even after a suicide attempt.

The good news is that NIMH-funded research has begun to point the way towards better risk identification and effective interventions that can help reverse these trends. Implementing universal screening for suicide risk using the Ask Suicide-Screening Questions toolkit, developed by investigators in the NIMH Intramural Research Program, can identify youth at risk, including Black youth. And, targeted efforts such as school-based mental health clinics can improve engagement in mental health care among Black youth with depression.

Nonetheless, we need considerably more research focused on solutions for Black children and adolescents if we are to truly make a difference for those in need. Accordingly, NIMH continues to expand opportunities for scientists interested in studying these issues, as articulated in our recent Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) in Research on Risk and Prevention of Black Youth Suicide. Other initiatives, including a call to establish Practice-Based Suicide Prevention Research Centers, though broader, are also designed to support work in minority communities and address disparities that affect Black youth. And we continue to look for additional opportunities to support science aimed at addressing this crisis. Black youths’ lives matter, and NIMH research must be aimed at saving lives and alleviating suffering in Black communities in need.


Breland-Noble, A. M., & AAKOMA Project Adult Advisory Board (2012). Community and treatment engagement for depressed African American youth: the AAKOMA FLOA pilot. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings19(1), 41–48.

Bridge, J. A., Horowitz, L. M., Fontanella, C. A., Sheftall, A. H., Greenhouse, J., Kelleher, K. J., & Campo, J. V. (2018). Age-related racial disparity in suicide rates among US youths from 2001 through 2015. JAMA Pediatrics172(7), 697–699.

Cummings, J. R., Ji, X., Lally, C., & Druss, B. G. (2019). Racial and ethnic differences in minimally adequate depression care among Medicaid-enrolled youth. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry58(1), 128–138.

DeVylder, J. E., Ryan, T. C., Cwik, M., Wilson, M. E., Jay, S., Nestadt, P. S., Goldstein, M., & Wilcox, H. C. (2019). Assessment of selective and universal screening for suicide risk in a pediatric emergency department. JAMA Network Open2(10), e1914070.

Fowler, K. A., Dahlberg, L. L., Haileyesus, T., Gutierrez, C., & Bacon, S. (2017). Childhood firearm injuries in the United States. Pediatrics, 140(1), e20163486.

Joe, S., Baser, R. S., Neighbors, H. W., Caldwell, C. H., & Jackson, J. S. (2009). 12-month and lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts among black adolescents in the national survey of American life. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry48(3), 271–282.

Lindsey, M. A., Chambers, K., Pohle, C., Beall, P., & Lucksted, A. (2013). Understanding the behavioral determinants of mental health service use by urban, under-resourced black youth: Adolescent and caregiver perspectives. Journal of Child and Family Studies22(1), 107–121.

Musci, R. J., Hart, S. R., Ballard, E. D., Newcomer, A., Van Eck, K., Ialongo, N., & Wilcox, H. (2016). Trajectories of suicidal ideation from sixth through tenth grades in predicting suicide attempts in young adulthood in an urban African American cohort. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior46(3), 255–265.

NIMH Livestream Event: Suicide Prevention Strategies

Suicide is a major public health concern. More than 48,000 people die by suicide each year in the United States, and it was the 10th leading cause of death overall in 2018. Suicide is complicated and tragic, but it is often preventable.

Although the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on suicide is still unknown, the slow but steady increases in the U.S. suicide rate remain a concern.

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) discussion on the latest in suicide prevention research, including ways to identify risk, and effective prevention strategies. Joshua Gordon, M.D., Ph.D., Director of NIMH, moderates this discussion with Jane Pearson, Ph.D., Special Advisor to the NIMH Director on Suicide Research, and Stephen O’Connor, Ph.D., chief of the Suicide Prevention Research Program in the NIMH Division of Services and Intervention Research.

Note: If you need help finding a provider, visit If you or someone you know is in crisis, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255); En Español 1-888-628-9454.

Working in partnership is key to fighting corruption

“Achieving long-term economic growth and shared prosperity requires us to work together with our partners in government, private sector, and civil society to address corruption and its corrosive impacts.”

— Mari Elka Pangestu

Enhancing government effectiveness & transparency: The fight against corruption

The World Bank has undertaken a fresh assessment of challenges governments face in tackling corruption, what instruments tend to work and why, and how incremental progress is being achieved in specific country contexts. Our flagship report is a timely piece of work that shows positive examples of how countries are progressing in their fight to #EndCorruption.


Today’s Essentials – This week…


How Do Children Learn Respect for Others?

Westerners use rules and punishment to shape children. Indigenous peoples traditionally provide extensive support and do not interfere in a child’s wayfinding in life.


Can You Trust Again After Being Betrayed?

Has someone you knew and cared for violated your trust? Learn about if and how to ever trust again.

List of Wikipedias

Started in 2001, it currently contains 6,169,933 articles. Many other Wikipedias are available; some of the largest are listed below.

Languages:English·Ænglisc·العربية·беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎·български·Banjar·বাংলা·català·کوردی·Zazaki·Ελληνικά·Esperanto·español·euskara·فارسی·français·galego·ગુજરાતી·עברית·हिन्दी·հայերեն·Bahasa Indonesia·italiano·日本語·Jawa·한국어·lietuvių·македонски·मराठी·Bahasa Melayu·Mirandés·မြန်မာဘာသာ·مازِرونی·Bân-lâm-gú·नेपाली·नेपाल भाषा·occitan·ਪੰਜਾਬੀ·پښتو·português·română·سنڌي·Soomaaliga·தமிழ்·Türkçe·ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche·اردو·vèneto·中文

Alemannisch (als) · azərbaycanca (az) · čeština (cs) · словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ (cu) · Deutsch (de) · suomi (fi) · Gaeilge (ga) · magyar (hu) · 日本語 (ja) · ქართული (ka) · қазақша (kk) · 한국어 (ko) · Кыргызча (ky) · Limburgs (li) · latviešu (lv) · Malagasy (mg) · Bahasa Melayu (ms) · Bân-lâm-gú (nan) · polski (pl) · português (pt) · русский (ru) · српски / srpski (sr) · shqip (sq) · 


NOTE: Addressing Mental Health will not always be palatable.



11/1 –

Americans Surge to Polls: ‘I’m Going to Vote Like My Life Depends on It’

Anxious but determined, Americans are pushing through challenges like the pandemic and long lines to cast their ballot. The country is on course to surpass 150 million votes for the first time…⤵️

How a yearslong battle over U.S.-Venezuela relations aided President Trump’s campaign in Florida — and left the Maduro regime standing.

By Nicholas Confessore, Anatoly Kurmanaev and Kenneth P. Vogel

  • Nov. 1, 2020Updated 3:09 p.m. ET

Leer en español

11/2 –

Justice Department Again to Monitor Compliance with the Federal Voting Rights Laws on Election Day11/02/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department today announced its plans for voting rights monitoring in jurisdictions around the country for the Nov. 3, 2020 general election. The Justice Department historically has monitored in jurisdictions in the field on election day, and is again doing so this year. The department will also take complaints from the public nationwide regarding possible violations of the federal voting rights laws through its call center.  

Russian Cybercriminal Sentenced to Prison for Role in $100 Million Botnet Conspiracy11/02/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Russian national was sentenced Oct. 30 to eight years in prison for his role in operating a sophisticated scheme to steal and traffic sensitive personal and financial information in the online criminal underground that resulted in an estimated loss of over $100 million.

Department of Justice Awards More Than $458 Million to Fight Violent Crime11/02/2020 12:00 AM EST

Environment and Natural Resources Division Recognizes Employees for Outstanding Service at Annual Awards Ceremony11/02/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Environment and Natural Resources Division (ENRD) held its annual awards ceremony to highlight the past year’s achievements.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. American hostage Philip Walton rescued in dramatic military operation: Officials
(ABC News) An American citizen abducted last week in Niger has been rescued during a high-risk U.S. military raid in neighboring Nigeria.
  2. Pentagon draw-down at US embassies prompts concern about ceding field to global rivals
(Wall Street Journal) The Pentagon has quietly begun withdrawing top military officers from U.S. embassies in Africa and downgrading other such posts world-wide, a move officials say is necessary to shift resources to counter China and Russia on the geopolitical stage and meet congressional caps on the number of generals and admirals in the U.S. military.
  3. Helicopters over DC protesters broke regulations while commander was driving home, DC Guard concludes
(Defense One) Two D.C. National Guard helicopters that flew low over protesters in Washington, D.C., on the night of June 1 were not properly authorized to be there — and were directed by a lieutenant colonel who was far from the scene, driving home in his car, according to an initial investigation by the D.C. National Guard.
  4. An Election Day role for National Guard? Maybe, but limited
(The Associated Press) If any element of the military were to get involved, it would likely be the National Guard under state control.
  5. DoD canceled its diversity training audit to comply with new White House rules
(Military Times) The Defense Department’s inspector general has canceled an audit of its diversity, inclusion and equal opportunity training just a month after first announcing it.

Watershed Academy webinar on Vessel Sewage Management Strategies.

For more information on this webinar and to register visit:

For more information on the Watershed Academy, visit:

11/3 –

Illinois-Based Charter School Management Company To Pay $4.5 Million To Settle Claims Relating To E-Rate Contracts11/03/2020 12:00 AM EST
Concept Schools, NFP, has agreed to pay $4.5 million as part of a civil settlement to resolve allegations that it violated the False Claims Act by engaging in non-competitive bidding practices in connection with the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) E-Rate Program, the Department of Justice announced today. 

Justice Department Honors Law Enforcement Officers and Deputies in Fourth Annual Attorney General’s Award for Distinguished Service in Policing11/03/2020 12:00 AM EST

Two Virginia Men Convicted for Their Roles in Investment Fraud Scheme11/03/2020 12:00 AM EST
A federal jury found two representatives of a purported investment company based in the United Kingdom guilty on Oct. 30 for their roles in an investment fraud scheme by which they stole at least $5 million from victim investors.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. National Guard Election Day update: More than 3,600 troops active in 16 states
(Military Times) The National Guard is gearing up to activate across the country to support the Nov. 3 general election in several capacities. The missions range from assisting with cyber defense, working the polls, and standing-by in case of post-election civil unrest.
  2. As Election Day arrives, a fight about military ballots takes center stage
(Washington Post) Voting by U.S. troops has been thrust into the spotlight as a bitter election campaign comes to a close.
  3. What the defense industry is seeing and saying about the election
(Defense News) Anyone will tell you this is the most important election in U.S. history ― unless they happen to run a major American defense firm.
  4. Five races with veteran candidates to watch on Election Night
(Military Times) With 182 veterans in congressional races across the country this election cycle, several candidates with military backgrounds will feature prominently in which party ends up controlling each chamber of Congress for the next two years.
  5. Khamenei says Iran’s US policy not affected by who wins election
(Reuters) Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said on Tuesday the U.S. presidential election’s result will not impact Tehran’s policy towards Washington.

#MetKids is made for, with, and by kids—wherever we may be. Check out this week’s roundup of favorite #MetKids videos and activities, all inspired by The Met collection. 
CREATE Create an Optical Toy: ThaumatropeFollow along with Durga, age 11, and learn how to make a thaumatrope, an optical toy that was popular in the 1800s. Roughly translated from Greek, the word thaumatrope means “wonder turn.”Watch → 
Q & A Is There More Than One Way to See a Work of Art?Explore new ways of looking with Nestor, age 10, and see art in a new way!Watch → 
STORYTIME Storytime with The Met: Dreamers by Yuyi MoralesLook, listen, sing, and have fun with Storytime from home! Join us every Thursday for a picture-book reading and an activity connected to The Met collection. In this edition, Met educator Josefa reads Dreamers and connects it to M.
Recommended for families with children ages 18 months to 6 years.Watch →
Send your artwork to for a chance to be featured on #MetKids!
Explore the Map!
Hop in the Time Machine
Watch Video

Deputy UN chief pushes Security Council on global ceasefire, to fight ‘common enemy’The UN Deputy Secretary-General on Tuesday urged the Security Council to do more to encourage combatants across the world to put down their guns and focus instead on fighting “our common enemy” – the coronavirus.Peace and Security

Photo: OCHA Ethiopia/Zelalem Letyibelu‘Take urgent steps’ to calm intercommunal violence in Ethiopia: GuterresInclusive dialogue is crucial to diffuse tensions across Ethiopia, said the UN Secretary-General on Tuesday, following reports of dozens killed and injured during brutal attacks in the west of the country over the weekend.Peace and Security

Unsplash/Nengi NelsonNigerians need justice, UN rights experts say, in call for inquiry into protestor killingsThe Nigerian Government must establish a credible, independent inquiry into the recent killing of at least 12 peaceful protestors by soldiers, a group of independent UN human rights experts said on Tuesday, as demonstrations against a discredited police unit continue across the country.Human Rights

Unsplash/Jacek DylagUN chief condemns deadly attacks in Austrian capital ViennaThe UN Secretary-General has strongly condemned the violent attacks in the Austrian capital, Vienna, which left at least two people dead and several others wounded. Peace and Security

Unsplash/Andrew KeymasterBelarus targets women human rights defenders after disputed August elections Independent UN experts criticized Belarus on Tuesday for persecuting women human rights defenders, who have been involved in the mass protests underway in the country since August’s controversial presidential election. Human Rights

UNMISS/Nektarios MarkogiannisSouth Sudan rape convictions reaffirm commitment to zero toleranceThe top UN official working to end rape during wartime said she was encouraged by recent “positive steps” taken by the South Sudanese army to bring perpetrators to justice, thereby underscoring the Government’s commitment to zero tolerance.  Law and Crime Prevention©

UNHCR/David AziaCôte d’Ivoire: UN reports 3,000 flee abroad amid electoral violence Several thousand people have fled from election-related violence in Côte d’Ivoire to seek sanctuary in neighbouring Liberia, Ghana and Togo, fearing a repeat of the major conflict that followed the election in 2011, the UN refugee agency UNHCR said on Tuesday.  Migrants and Refugees

Photo: IOM‘Super typhoon’ Goni: Towns cut off as COVID-19 impacts response“Super storm” Typhoon Goni has left several towns inaccessible and destroyed thousands of homes in the Philippines, the UN humanitarian wing has said, adding that relief efforts have been complicated by the coronavirus pandemic. Humanitarian Aid

OCHA/Htet Htet OoUN expert urges Myanmar not to undermine ‘very lifeblood of democracy’ ahead of pollsAn independent UN human rights expert has called on the Government and military of Myanmar to stop persecuting opposition supporters, including journalists and student protesters, ahead of next week’s general elections. Human Rights
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

A Thank You Letter From Joseph R. Biden, Jr.

Folks, I want to thank you for having my back on this long journey we’ve been on together.

No matter how you supported this team — whether you chipped in a couple of bucks to keep the train running, made a few phone calls, knocked on your neighbors’ doors, or if you just kept us in your prayers throughout this race — I’m so grateful for you.

Right now, millions of Americans are exercising their sacred right to participate in our democracy by voting in schools, community centers, and public places around the country. And they join over 95 million people who voted before today.

They’re doing it facing challenges and circumstances that our generation of Americans has never faced before.

But they’re doing it anyway because they, like you and me, know that this country is stronger when we stick together.

They know the soul of this nation is worth fighting for.

Now, I believe that we will win tonight, and I intend to see this fight through to the very end — on that, I give you my word as a Biden.

But, no matter the outcome of this race, I’m so proud of what we have accomplished together.

We’ve done so much more than anyone thought possible, bringing folks from every part of this country and both sides of the aisle together, united in our love for America and in our love for each other.

Ella Baker, a giant of the civil rights movement, left us with this wisdom: Give people light, and they will find a way.

That’s what we set out to do, and I don’t need to see the results to know we have accomplished that mission.

11/4 –

Justice Department Announces Two Million Dollar Settlement of Race Discrimination Lawsuit Against Baltimore County, Maryland11/04/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced today that it has reached a settlement, through a court-supervised settlement agreement, with Baltimore County, Maryland, resolving the United States’ claims that the Baltimore County Police Department (BCPD) discriminated against African American applicants for employment in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII is a federal law that prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.

U.S. Seizes Virtual Currencies Valued at $24 Million Assisting Brazil in Major Internet Fraud Investigation11/04/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Department of Justice announced today that it has seized virtual currency worth an estimated $24 million on behalf of the Brazilian government.

United States Seizes 27 Additional Domain Names Used by Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps to Further a Global, Covert Influence Campaign11/04/2020 12:00 AM EST
The United States has seized 27 domain names that Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) unlawfully used to further a global covert influence campaign.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Trump wins Florida, locked in other tight races with Biden
(The Associated Press) President Donald Trump carried Florida, the nation’s most prized battleground state, and he and Democrat Joe Biden focused early Wednesday on the three Northern industrial states — Wisconsin, Michigan and Pennsylvania — that could prove crucial in determining who wins the White House.
  2. Generals privately brief news anchors, promise no military role in election
(Axios) Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Milley held an off-the-record video call with top generals and network anchors this weekend to tamp down speculation about potential military involvement in the presidential election, two people familiar with the call tell Axios.
  3. Former naval aviator, astronaut Mark Kelly defeats Martha McSally to claim Senate seat
( Sen. Martha McSally, a Republican and retired Air Force colonel, has lost her Senate seat to Democratic challenger Mark Kelly in Arizona.
  4. US undertook cyber operation against Iran as part of effort to secure the 2020 election
(Washington Post) U.S. Cyber Command and the National Security Agency have taken recent actions to ensure that foreign actors do not interfere in the 2020 election, including an operation in the past two weeks against Iran, U.S. officials said.
  5. US Congress notified of drone sale to Taiwan: Pentagon
(Reuters) The U.S. State Department cleared the potential sale of four sophisticated U.S.-made aerial drones to Taiwan in a formal notification sent to Congress, the Pentagon said on Tuesday.


NASA Missions Help Pinpoint the Source of a Unique X-ray, Radio Burst

A powerful X-ray burst erupts from a magnetar - a supermagnetized version of a stellar remnant known as a neutron star - in this illustration


Astronomical Radio Emission 2 (STARE2) array is shown here at the Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex in California's Mojave Desert


This aerial view shows the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME), a radio telescope located at Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory in British Columbia

A powerful X-ray burst erupts from a magnetar – a supermagnetized version of a stellar remnant known as a neutron star – in this illustration. A radio burst detected April 28 occurred during a flare-up like this on a magnetar called SGR 1935. Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center/Chris Smith (USRA)
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This is the first time one of these mysterious, repeating radio burst has been identified in our own galaxy, and the first identification of an object that caused one.

On April 28, a supermagnetized stellar remnant known as a magnetar blasted out a simultaneous mix of X-ray and radio signals never observed before. The flare-up included the first fast radio burst (FRB) ever seen from within our Milky Way galaxy and shows that magnetars can produce these mysterious and powerful radio blasts previously only seen in other galaxies.

“Before this event, a wide variety of scenarios could explain the origin of FRBs,” said Chris Bochenek, a doctoral student in astrophysics at Caltech who led one study of the radio event. “While there may still be exciting twists in the story of FRBs in the future, for me, right now, I think it’s fair to say that most FRBs come from magnetars until proven otherwise.”

On April 28, space- and ground-based observatories detected powerful, simultaneous X-ray and radio bursts from a source in our galaxy. Watch to see how this unique event helps solve the long-standing puzzle of fast radio bursts observed in other galaxies. Credits: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center

UN and partners express regret over US departure from Paris climate accordThe UN climate change secretariat, UNFCCC, has underlined its commitment to work with stakeholders in the United States and beyond, to accelerate climate action, in line with an historic treaty on limiting global warming and curbing greenhouse gas emissions. Climate Change

UNMISS/Eric KanalsteinUN Police ‘vital’ across spectrum of peacekeeping, Security Council hearsThe Security Council on Wednesday was briefed on the “vital role” UN Police play across the whole spectrum of the world body’s work, from “conflict prevention to peacekeeping to peacebuilding”.   Peace and Security

UNSMILLibyan sides agree plan on implementing ceasefire dealMilitary officers from Libya’s warring parties have agreed practical steps towards implementing a ceasefire agreement, following the signing of an historic accord in Geneva last month, the UN mission in the country, UNSMIL, has reported. Peace and Security©

UNICEFProtecting citizens from COVID while granting refugee access, can be done: UNHCRIt is possible for countries to both protect public health and “ensure access” for vulnerable people forced to flee their homes, the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) said on Wednesday.Migrants and Refugees

UN Photo/Eskinder DebebeUN brings Cyprus leaders together, mulling future talks on divided islandThe leaders of the divided island of Cyprus have met in the capital Nicosia, in an  encounter convened by the United Nations, the Secretary-General’s Good Offices Mission in Cyprus said on Tuesday.Peace and Security
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/5 –

Mississippi Tax Preparer Sentenced to Prison for False IRS Returns11/05/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Moss Point, Mississippi, resident was sentenced to 22 months in prison for preparing false tax returns, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division and U.S. Attorney Mike Hurst for the Southern District of Mississippi.

Justice Department Settles Claims Against City of Meriden, Connecticut, Involving Denial of Mosque11/05/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Connecticut today announced an agreement with the City of Meriden, Connecticut to resolve allegations that the city violated the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of 2000 (RLUIPA) by denying the application of the Omar Islamic Center to establish a mosque in March 2019, and by maintaining a zoning code that treats religious assemblies and institutions on less than equal terms with nonreligious assemblies and institutions in nine zoning districts.

Investment Professional and Author is Sentenced for Defrauding National Women’s Sorority11/05/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Florida woman was sentenced to 24 months in prison today for her role in an investment management scheme.

U.S. Law Enforcement Assists Brazilian Law Enforcement Takedown of Numerous Digital Piracy Sites and Apps Alleged to Have Caused Millions of Dollars in Losses to U.S. Media Companies11/05/2020 12:00 AM EST
Seizure warrants have been executed against three domain names of commercial websites engaged in the illegal reproduction and distribution of copyrighted works in support of a Brazilian-led takedown of digital piracy sites there, dubbed “Operation 404”.

Justice Department Sues to Block Visa’s Proposed Acquisition of Plaid11/05/2020 12:00 AM EST
Today, the Department of Justice filed a civil antitrust lawsuit to stop Visa Inc.’s $5.3 billion acquisition of Plaid Inc. Visa is a monopolist in online debit services, charging consumers and merchants billions of dollars in fees each year to process online payments.  Plaid, a successful fintech firm, is developing a payments platform that would challenge Visa’s monopoly. 

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. There are still tens of thousands of military absentee ballots yet to be counted
(Military Times) Could absentee ballots coming from military voters and U.S. citizens overseas still make a difference in this election, even after most of the counting is done?
  2. As ballot count continues, National Guard still activated in 10 states for possible civil unrest
(Military Times) As of Wednesday evening, the National Guard remained activated and on standby in at least 10 states for possible civil unrest in the wake of the hotly contested 2020 presidential election.
  3. Armed Services committees and the election: Here’s what we know
(Defense News) As results for key congressional races, and the presidency, continue to roll in Wednesday morning, a major shakeup for the Senate Armed Services Committee has yet to materialize.
  4. Report: Insurgent attacks soar in Afghanistan, jeopardizing peace efforts, US troop withdrawal and future aid
(Stars & Stripes) Attacks by enemy forces in Afghanistan were up by half in the three months ending in September compared with the previous quarter, a report by a U.S. government watchdog said Thursday.
  5. Ninth US service member killed by COVID-19
(The Hill) A ninth U.S. service member has been killed by the coronavirus, according to Pentagon data released Wednesday.


Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich Prepared for Launch

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite is encapsulated in a protective nosecone at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California


Technicians and engineers working on the Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite pose in front of the spacecraft at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California

Technicians and engineers working on the Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite pose in front of the spacecraft in its protective nosecone, or payload fairing, at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Once closed, the fairing will sit atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, launching in late November 2020. Image Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin
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The newest addition to a long line of ocean-monitoring satellites is ready to head into space.

With a little over two weeks to go until its California launch, the Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich spacecraft is undergoing final preparations. Technicians and engineers have encapsulated the satellite in the payload fairing – the protective nosecone that will ride atop the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. The launch is targeted for Nov. 21.

“We’re almost there,” said project manager Parag Vaze of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California. “Soon, we’ll be watching the satellite on its journey into Earth orbit 830 miles above our planet.” Project manager Pierrik Vuilleumier of ESA (European Space Agency) echoed the sentiment.


The Anatomy of Glacial Ice Loss

NASA scientists traverse Antarctica's icy landscape, towing scientific instruments and cold-weather gear with them
NASA scientists traverse Antarctica’s icy landscape, towing scientific instruments and cold-weather gear with them. The team was tasked with collecting ground data to verify the accuracy of measurements made by the IceSat-2 satellite. Credit: NASA
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A warming climate is taking its toll on Greenland and Antarctica glaciers, melting them from above and below the surface. The more they melt, the higher sea levels rise.

When an ice cube is exposed to a heat source, like warm water or air, it melts. So, it’s no surprise that a warming climate is causing our glaciers and ice sheets to melt. However, predicting just how much the glaciers and ice sheets will melt and how quickly – key components of sea level rise – is not nearly as straightforward.

Greenland and Antarctica are home to most of the world’s glacial ice – including its only two ice sheets – making them areas of particular interest to scientists. Combined, the two regions also contain enough ice, that if it were to melt all at once, would raise sea levels by nearly 215 feet (65 meters) – making the study and understanding of them not just interesting, but crucial to our near-term adaptability and our long term survival in a changing world. Credit: NASA

Glaciers and ice sheets are far more complex structures than ice cubes. They form when snow accumulates and is compressed into ice by new snow over many years. As they grow, they begin to move slowly under the pressure of their own weight, dragging smaller rocks and debris across the land with them. Glacial ice that extends to cover large landmasses, as it does in Antarctica and Greenland, is considered an ice sheet.

The processes that cause glaciers and ice sheets to lose mass are also more complex. An ice cube’s surface melts when it’s exposed to ambient (warm) air. And while warm air certainly melts the surface of glaciers and ice sheets, they’re also significantly affected by other factors, including the ocean water that surrounds them, the terrain (both land and ocean) over which they move, and even their own meltwater.

Violence and bullying affect one in three students, education experts warnChildren face violence and bullying at school all over the world, with one in every three students subject to attacks at least once a month and one in 10, a victim of cyberbullying, the UN said on Thursday.Culture and Education

University of Oxford/John CairnsAhead of global health assembly, WHO stresses need for solidarity, preparationThe COVID-19 pandemic can be defeated through science, solutions and solidarity, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday, underlining one of its core messages throughout the crisis. Health©

UNICEF/Omar AlbamSyria: No justification for chemical weapon use ‘under any circumstances’ – UN disarmament chiefThe top UN disarmament official on Thursday briefed the Security Council on progress made by Syria towards eliminating its chemicals weapons programme, complicated by the coronavirus pandemic.Peace and Security

Manal AbdallahProtect Palestine olive harvest from settler violence, Israel urgedUN agencies, together with other international NGOs, are calling on Israel to better protect Palestinian farmers from violence by Israeli settlers, as they bring in their traditional olive harvest – crucial to livelihoods – and ensure families can access their land “freely and safely”.Peace and Security

UNDP EurasiaBosnia and Herzegovina: Some politicians still ignore ‘core European values’ 25 years after peace dealDespite significant progress made in Bosnia and Herzegovina since the signing of a peace deal 25 years ago this month, some politicians continue to ignore “core European values” and even glorify war criminals, the international community’s High Representative for the country told the Security Council on Thursday.  Peace and Security

Unsplash/Yasmine ArfaouiUN rights experts call for release of Saudi activist championing women’s right to driveThe deteriorating health of Saudi women’s rights activist Loujain Al-Hathloul is “deeply alarming”, UN-appointed rights experts said on Wednesday, calling for her release along with “all other women human rights defenders in detention”. Human Rights

UNICEF/WatsonEffective disaster risk governance saves lives, UN highlights on World Tsunami Awareness DayTop UN officials have underscored the importance of continuous risk assessment and preparedness to safeguard coastal communities worldwide from the disastrous impact of tsunamis, marking World Tsunami Awareness Day on Thursday.Humanitarian Aid

UNRWA/Lara JonasdottirDozens displaced in largest demolition in years in the West Bank, reports UN relief officeSeventy-three people, including 41 children have been displaced after Israeli authorities demolished their homes and other structures, and destroyed belongings in the Palestinian community of Humsa Al Bqai’a in the West Bank, the UN humanitarian wing has reported. Humanitarian Aid
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/6 –

Operators of California Charity Scam Sentenced to Prison for Mail Fraud Conspiracy and Tax Evasion11/06/2020 12:00 AM EST
Geraldine Hill and Clayton Hill, a California couple who operated a charity that purported to provide goods to the needy, were sentenced to prison for conspiracy to commit mail fraud and tax evasion. Geraldine Hill was sentenced to 15 months in in prison, and Clayton Hill was sentenced to 9 months in prison, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division and U.S. Attorney Robert S. Brewer, Jr. for the Southern District of California.

Justice Department Reaches Settlement with the Town of Irmo, South Carolina, to Resolve Allegations of Discrimination Against Homeowner with Disability11/06/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced today that the Town of Irmo, South Carolina, has agreed to pay $25,000 to a homeowner with a disability as part of a settlement agreement resolving the government’s Fair Housing Act (FHA) lawsuit. 

Former Department of Justice Paralegal Pleads Guilty to Accessing and Releasing Sensitive, Non-Public Information11/06/2020 12:00 AM EST
A former contractor with the U.S. Department of Justice pleaded guilty today for unlawfully using her government computer to access government records and providing sensitive, non-public information to another individual, announced Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. Rabbitt of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division.

Portland Resident Indicted for Providing Material Support to ISIS11/06/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Department of Justice announced that a federal grand jury in Portland returned a five count indictment against Portland resident Hawazen Sameer Mothafar, 31, charging two counts of conspiracy to provide material support to a designated terrorist organization and one count of providing and attempting to provide material support to a designated foreign terrorist organization, in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 2339B(a)(1). In addition, the indictment charges Mothafar with one count of false statements in an immigration application in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 1546(a) and one count of false statement to a government agency in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 1001(a)(2)

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Defense Secretary Esper has prepared a resignation letter, say officials
(NBC News) Defense Secretary Mark Esper also plans to help Congress draft legislation to strip military bases of Confederate names.
  2. Military absentee ballots are still coming in to battleground states
(Military Times) As all eyes are on ballot counts in a handful of states, the military absentee ballot is getting more attention in the presidential election — particularly in Georgia, North Carolina and Pennsylvania.
  3. Coalition aircraft launched almost 35,000 strikes on ISIS targets over six years
(Air Force Times) The U.S.-led multinational coalition launched almost 35,000 strikes against Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria over the past six years, officials told Military Times Wednesday.
  4. US military admits injuring 2 civilians in Yemen drone strike, following a report that claimed there were dozens of incidents where innocent lives may have been lost
(Business Insider) The U.S. military has admitted responsibility for two more civilian casualties in Yemen following a report that claimed there were dozens of incidents where innocent lives may have been lost.
  5. Proposed troop drawdown in Germany complicates plans to hand back military land
(Stars & Stripes) U.S. European Command is still holding off on a years-old plan to return numerous military sites to Germany as it examines whether the facilities will be needed “in response to the strategic shift in the security environment,” EUCOM said.

Stranger Danger

is the idea or warning that all strangers can potentially be dangerous. It is an example of a moral panic that people experience regarding anyone that they are unfamiliar with in society. The phrase is intended to encapsulate the danger associated with adults whom children do not know. The phrase has found widespread usage and many children will hear it during their childhood lives. Many booksfilms and public service announcements have been devoted to helping children remember this advice. The concept has been criticized for ignoring that the most child abductions and harm result not from strangers, but rather from someone the child knows.

Although there are other dangers such as kidnapping for ransom, the main threat with which stranger danger campaigns are concerned is child sexual abuse. Portrayals in the news media have tended to reinforce public fears of strangers as potential paedophiles, despite sexual abuse of children being more likely to occur in families. In recent years, the emphasis of such campaigns has shifted somewhat, in order to reflect the risk of abuse by persons known to the child.


UN News


Ethiopia: ‘Halt the violence’, resolve grievances peacefully – UN rights chief

WFP/Michael TeweldeChildren in Ethiopia’s Oromia Region, where alarming violence has erupted.Peace and Security

The UN human rights chief called on Friday for the de-escalation of violence and military clashes across parts of Ethiopia, urging all those involved to “engage in a genuine, inclusive and credible dialogue to solve any differences through peaceful means”.

“Over the past week, we have seen alarming violence erupt in the Oromia region as well as in Tigray”, said UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet. 

Unaddressed violence

Last weekend, dozens were killed and injured during brutal attacks in the western Oromia region of the country.

‘Emergency action’ needed to prevent major polio, measles epidemicsGlobally, millions of children are at a heightened risk of polio and measles – dangerous but preventable diseases – amid disruptions to vital immunization programmes due to the coronavirus pandemic, UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization (WHO) have said.Health

WFP/Michael TeweldeEthiopia: ‘Halt the violence’, resolve grievances peacefully – UN rights chiefThe UN human rights chief called on Friday for the de-escalation of violence and military clashes across parts of Ethiopia, urging all those involved to “engage in a genuine, inclusive and credible dialogue to solve any differences through peaceful means”.Peace and Security

WFP/Mahamady OuedraogoAid agencies call for urgent action to prevent famine in hunger hotspotsPeople in four food insecurity “hotspots” inside Burkina Faso, northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen, need help urgently to avoid sliding into famine, UN humanitarians said on Friday.Humanitarian Aid©

UNICEF/Fauzan IjazahWorld can save lives and ‘end this pandemic, together’ – WHO chiefAs the COVID-19 pandemic continues evolving, the world must “take all opportunities to learn and improve the response as we go”, the UN health agency chief said on Friday.Health

United NationsClimate Action Superheroes empower children to protect the planetEight new animated characters on a mission to protect the planet, have been pressed into service by the UN to empower children worldwide and boost the drive towards sustainability by 2030. Climate Change

UNESCAP/Daphna BeerdsenUN chief calls for ‘peaceful, orderly and credible’ elections in MyanmarAhead of elections in Myanmar on 8 November, UN Secretary-General António Guterres has stated his hope that the vote would help advance “inclusive sustainable development” across the country. Law and Crime Prevention

Photo: IOMLong-term displacement worries for families hit hard by ‘super typhoon’ GoniThe trail of devastation left by Typhoon Goni in the Philippines, runs straight through some heavily populated areas – including places where COVID-19 cases are high, and where returning migrants are concentrated – UN agencies reported on Friday.  Humanitarian Aid

UN NigeriaSix humanitarians killed in ‘obscene’ attacks in one weekThe UN’s top relief official has strongly condemned recent attacks on aid workers in different parts of the world, demanding that those who target humanitarians are brought to justice.Humanitarian Aid

UNEP/GRID-Arendal/Tim FrecciaThe natural environment is also a casualty of war, Guterres warnsThe UN Secretary-General has called for better management of natural resources and ecosystems, highlighting that doing so could pave a path towards peace in war-torn societies and help crisis-affected countries boost sustainable development. Peace and Security©

UNHCR/Eugene SibomanaFROM THE FIELD: coping with COVID in refugee campsPhysical distancing, handwashing with soap, wearing masks: these are some of the most basic, recommendations for slowing the spread of COVID-19, but for many refugees, and other displaced people, they can be very difficult to follow.Humanitarian Aid
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/7 –

Joseph R. Biden Jr. offered himself as a safe harbor for a broad array of Americans during his third campaign for the presidency.
Joseph R. Biden Jr. offered himself as a safe harbor for a broad array of Americans during his third campaign for the presidency.Credit…Erin Schaff/The New York Times

Biden Wins Presidency, Ending Four Tumultuous Years Under Trump

Joseph R. Biden Jr. achieved victory offering a message of healing and unity. He will return to Washington facing a daunting set of crises.

Jonathan Martin
Alexander Burns

By Jonathan Martin and Alexander Burns

  • Nov. 7, 2020, 11:31 a.m. ET

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Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. was elected the 46th president of the United States on Saturday, promising to restore political normalcy and a spirit of national unity to confront raging health and economic crises, and making Donald J. Trump a one-term president after four years of tumult in the White House.



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Journey Across

500 Years of African American History

An evening of iconic series from Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Finding Your Roots: Black Like Me – Bryant Gumbel, Tonya Lewis-Lee and Suzanne Malveaux discover a tapestry of the unexpected in their ancestry, revealing slaves and free people of color, Civil War legacies and forgotten European origins.

The Black Atlantic (1500-1800) – This episode of The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross explores the truly global experiences that created the African American people. The episode portrays the earliest Africans, both slave and free, who arrived on the North American shores.

The Age of Slavery (1800-1860) – Professor Gates illustrates how black lives changed dramatically in the aftermath of the American Revolution. 

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On-air Saturday 11/07 @ 8/7c.

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On-air Saturday 11/07 @ 9/8c.

Find Your WORLD Station

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A collage of images from the civil rights movement: A bus burns, a man sits in the street in protest, a picture of Emmett Till.


the Struggle

If you missed the live event with Civil Rights documentarian Stanley Nelson, you can watch it now.

American Experience Producer Cameo George joined Nelson to discuss his Civil Rights films: The Murder of Emmett TillFreedom Riders, and Freedom Summer.

Learn how these stories shaped and advanced the civil rights movement, how racial tensions are still playing out today, and how public media can help elevate filmmakers of color in telling diverse stories.WATCH & SHARE

Stanley Nelson, a 2002 MacArthur “Genius” Fellow, has received an individual Peabody Award, the 2016 Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Academy of Television Arts Sciences, and the National Medal in the Humanities from President Barack Obama.

Cameo George is the newly appointed Executive Producer for American Experience.  George was the Head of Development for Longform projects at ABC News.  She also spent 12 years at CNN producing documentaries for CNN Presents and In America.

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A storyteller onstage.

A collection of films by and about individuals in the Black community across the country and around the globe.

Watch on-air, stream online and share the voices, the stories on WORLD and from our partners in public media!


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11/8 –

11/9 –

Georgia Correctional Officer Pleads Guilty to Civil Rights Offense for Assaulting Inmate11/09/2020 12:00 AM EST
Brian Ford, 23, a correctional officer at the Valdosta State Prison (VSP) in Valdosta, Georgia, pleaded guilty today to one count of using excessive force against an inmate housed at the facility.

High Ranking MS-13 Gang Member Facing Federal Firearms Charges After Nightclub Shooting11/09/2020 12:00 AM EST
A criminal complaint was unsealed Nov. 6 charging the local leader of an MS-13 Gang clique with being a convicted felon in possession of a firearm, announced Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. Rabbitt of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division and U.S. Attorney Don Cochran for the Middle District of Tennessee.

Former Elkhart, Indiana Resident Sentenced to Over Six Years in Prison for Financing of Terrorism11/09/2020 12:00 AM EST
Samantha Marie Elhassani, aka Samantha Sally, 35, formerly of Elkhart, Indiana, was sentenced by U.S. District Court Judge Philip P. Simon to 78 months in prison and three years of supervised release after pleading guilty to Financing Terrorism, announced Assistant Attorney General for National Security John C. Demers, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Indiana Thomas L. Kirsch II, FBI Assistant Director of the Counterterrorism Division Jill Sanborn, and FBI Special Agent in Charge of the Indianapolis field office Paul Keenan.

Auto-Parts Manufacturing Company Sentenced in Worker Death Case11/09/2020 12:00 AM EST

Co-Owner of Puerto Rican Online Aquarium Business Pleads Guilty to Two Lacey Act Felonies and Export Smuggling for Illicit Trafficking of Protected Reef Creatures11/09/2020 12:00 AM EST
A resident of San Sebastian, Puerto Rico, pleaded guilty today to export smuggling and two felony violations of the Lacey Act for collecting, purchasing, falsely labeling, and shipping protected marine invertebrate species as part of an effort to subvert Puerto Rican law designed to protect corals and other reef species, the Department of Justice announced.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
EARLYBIRD BRIEF compiled by Diana Correll and Steve Weigand.
  Michèle Flournoy could become the first woman to run the Pentagon. Here’s what would change.
(Defense News) On June 20, 2016, then-Vice President Joe Biden delivered keynote remarks at an event hosted by the Center for a New American Security, the think tank founded and, at that point, led by Michèle Flournoy.
  Where President-elect Joe Biden stands on national security issues
(Defense News) Biden is no stranger to international leadership and has a long track record on international relations and national security issues.
  Trump expected to keep Esper at the Pentagon despite clashes
(Politico) President Donald Trump is not expected to fire Defense Secretary Mark Esper in the weeks leading up to the inauguration in January, two administration officials told POLITICO on Saturday moments after news organizations called the presidential race for Joe Biden.
  What it’s really like aboard a US Navy destroyer on a record-breaking, 215-day deployment at sea
(Business Insider) When Stout left Virginia’s Naval Station Norfolk in January, masks and social distancing were not part of everyday life. But as COVID-19 has upended most things, it wasn’t long until it affected Stout, nixing port calls that break up long periods underway and isolating its crew.
  As tensions simmer, Pacific Air Forces leaders say troops must be ready for conflict with China
(Stars & Stripes) U.S. troops must be ready for conflict with China as tensions between the two nations simmer, Pacific Air Forces’ leaders said Friday during a Facebook Live video call to airmen in Japan.


Europa Glows: Radiation Does a Bright Number on Jupiter’s Moon

This illustration of Jupiter's moon Europa shows how the icy surface may glow on its nightside, the side facing away from the Sun
This illustration of Jupiter’s moon Europa shows how the icy surface may glow on its nightside, the side facing away from the Sun. Variations in the glow and the color of the glow itself could reveal information about the composition of ice on Europa’s surface. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
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New lab experiments re-create the environment of Europa and find that the icy moon shines, even on its nightside. The effect is more than just a cool visual.

As the icy, ocean-filled moon Europa orbits Jupiter, it withstands a relentless pummeling of radiation. Jupiter zaps Europa’s surface night and day with electrons and other particles, bathing it in high-energy radiation. But as these particles pound the moon’s surface, they may also be doing something otherworldly: making Europa glow in the dark.

New research from scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California details for the first time what the glow would look like, and what it could reveal about the composition of ice on Europa’s surface. Different salty compounds react differently to the radiation and emit their own unique glimmer. To the naked eye, this glow would look sometimes slightly green, sometimes slightly blue or white and with varying degrees of brightness, depending on what material it is.


UN News


Guterres congratulates Biden and Harris, hails UN-US partnership as ‘essential pillar’

UN Photo/Evan SchneiderThe former US Vice President, Joe Biden, chairs a Security council meeting on Iraq in December 2010.UN Affairs

Senior UN officials have offered their congratulations to the president-elect of the United States Joe Biden, and vice president-elect Kamala Harris, on their election victory called on Saturday.

“The Secretary-General congratulates the American people for a vibrant exercise of democracy in their country’s elections last week”, said a statement released on behalf of António Guterres, on Monday.


UN deputy chief conducts solidarity visit to West Africa and the SahelThe UN Deputy Secretary-General is on a two-week solidarity visit to West Africa and the Sahel to underscore the Organization’s support to countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. Health

UN Photo/Evan SchneiderGuterres congratulates Biden and Harris, hails UN-US partnership as ‘essential pillar’Senior UN officials have offered their congratulations to the president-elect of the United States Joe Biden, and vice president-elect Kamala Harris, on their election victory called on Saturday.UN Affairs

UN Photo/Kibae ParkUN chief stresses need for greater speed to achieve carbon neutralityAlthough more Governments and businesses are committing to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, the world is still falling far short of that goal, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said on Monday in his latest push for a cleaner, greener future. Climate Change

UNSMILFollowing peace deal, talks on Libya’s political future beginTalks to draw up a blueprint for a new political era in Libya began in Tunisia on Monday, following a peace deal struck by Libya’s warring sides last monthPeace and Security©

UNICEF/Ahed IzhimanIndependent UN experts decry COVID vaccine hoarding: ‘No one is secure until all of us are’  The only way to fight the COVID-19 crisis is to make affordable vaccines available to everyone, independent UN human rights experts said on Monday, underscoring that in an interconnected and interdependent world, “no one is secure until all of us are secure”. Human Rights

UN Photo/Basile ZomaCote d’Ivoire: ‘Tone down the hateful rhetoric’, find peaceful solutions – UN rights chief Continuing violence in the wake of elections in  Cote d’Ivoire’s presidential elections held on 31 October, prompted the UN human rights chief on Monday to call for a peaceful solution, saying it was in “nobody’s interests to fuel the threat of increasing political instability”.Peace and Security

UN News/Daniel DickinsonWHO’s Tedros says it is time for the world to heal, pushing back on ‘misguided nationalism’ World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told Member States on Monday that efforts to tackle climate change and poverty had been set back by a lack of global unity since major agreements were struck five years ago, and welcomed the chance to work with the presumptive new US administration of president-elect Joe Biden.Health

OCHA/Martin San Diego‘Super typhoon’ Goni: UN, partners seek $45 million in immediate reliefThe United Nations and humanitarian partners in the Philippines launched, on Monday, a response plan for $45.5 million to bring life-saving assistance and protection to hundreds of thousands of people affected by Typhoon Goni. Humanitarian Aid
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/10 –

Justice Department Invests $2.6 Million to Mitigate Violent Crime and Support Public Safety in Disruption Efforts11/10/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Department of Justice announced awards from the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) totaling $2.6 million to four jurisdictions to disrupt and mitigate threats of violence.  The funds support state and local prosecutors and investigators who seek expertise from mental health and threat assessment experts to identify these individuals and prevent violent acts.

Justice Department Settles with a Car Rental Services Company to Resolve Immigration-Related Discrimination11/10/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced today that it signed a settlement agreement with Fleetlogix Inc. (Fleetlogix) resolving claims that the company discriminated against work-authorized non-U.S. citizens by requiring them to provide specific and unnecessary work authorization documentation because of their citizenship or immigration status. Fleetlogix, based in San Diego, California, operates offices nationwide that provide cleaning and transportation services to rental car companies.

Former Bank Executive Sentenced to Prison for $15 Million Construction Loan Fraud11/10/2020 12:00 AM EST
A former Kansas bank executive was sentenced to 60 months in prison today for his role in carrying out a bank fraud scheme to obtain a $15 million construction loan from 26 Kansas banks.

Taiwan Individual and International Business Organizations Charged with Criminal Conspiracy to Violate Iranian Sanctions11/10/2020 12:00 AM EST
Chin Hua Huang, 42, a resident of Taiwan, was charged in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia with participating in a criminal conspiracy to violate U.S. export laws and sanctions against Iran.  Also charged was Taiwan business organization DES International Co., Ltd. (DES Int’l) and Brunei business organization Soltech Industry Co., Ltd. (Soltech).

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
EARLYBIRD BRIEF compiled by Diana Correll and Steve Weigand.
  Esper fired as defense secretary
(Defense News) U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper has been fired by President Donald Trump.
  Exclusive: Esper, on his way out, says he was no yes man
(Military Times) Esper’s Pentagon exit had been expected for months, as tension both subtle and obvious bubbled with the White House.
  Christopher Miller, Trump’s surprise acting defense secretary, has a thin resume for the job but deep experience in counterterrorism
(Washington Post) President Trump’s new acting defense secretary comes to the job with deep experience in special operations, including the hunt for Osama bin Laden, but has never served in the Pentagon’s most senior ranks and only recently became the director of the National Counterterrorism Center.
  Democrats blast Esper firing as national security risk
(Defense News) Congressional Democrats unloaded on President Donald Trump for abruptly firing Defense Secretary Mark Esper on Monday, blasting the move as a danger to national security and spiteful toward a Pentagon leader Trump believed wasn’t loyal enough.
  Polish leader signs deal increasing US troop presence
(The Associated Press) Polish President Andrzej Duda has signed a deal that enhances U.S. military presence in the central European country, and said it should be a symbol of a partnership that continues regardless of political developments.

Public Health 

has been defined as “the science and art of preventing disease”, prolonging life and improving quality of life through organized efforts and informed choices of societyorganizations (public and private), communities and individuals. Analyzing the determinants of health of a population and the threats it faces is the basis for public health. The public can be as small as a handful of people or as large as a village or an entire city; in the case of a pandemic it may encompass several continents. The concept of health takes into account physical, psychological, and social well-being. As such, according to the World Health Organization, it is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity and more recently, a resource for everyday living.

Newspaper headlines from around the world about polio vaccine tests (13 April 1955)


Public health is an interdisciplinary field. For example, epidemiologybiostatisticssocial sciences and management of health services are all relevant. Other important sub-fields include environmental healthcommunity healthbehavioral healthhealth economicspublic policymental healthhealth educationhealth politicsoccupational safetydisabilitygender issues in health, and sexual and reproductive health.

Public health aims to improve the quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease, including mental health. This is done through the surveillance of cases and health indicators, and through the promotion of healthy behaviors. Common public health initiatives include promotion of hand-washing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinationssuicide preventionsmoking cessationobesity education, increasing healthcare accessibility and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.

Modern public health practice requires multidisciplinary teams of public health workers and professionals. Teams might include epidemiologistsbiostatisticians, physician assistantspublic health nursesmidwivesmedical microbiologistspharmacistseconomists, sociologistsgeneticistsdata managersenvironmental health officers (public health inspectors), bioethicists, gender experts, sexual and reproductive health specialists, physicians, and even veterinarians.

Like in other nations, access to health care and public health initiatives are difficult challenges in developing countries. Public health infrastructures are still forming in those countries.



Independent Review Indicates NASA Prepared for Mars Sample Return Campaign

This illustration shows a concept of how the NASA Mars Ascent Vehicle, carrying tubes containing rock and soil samples, could be launched from the surface of Mars
This illustration shows a concept of how the NASA Mars Ascent Vehicle, carrying tubes containing rock and soil samples, could be launched from the surface of Mars in one step of the Mars sample return mission. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
› Full image and caption

NASA released an independent review report Tuesday indicating the agency is well positioned for its Mars Sample Return (MSR) campaign to bring pristine samples from Mars to Earth for scientific study. The agency established the MSR Independent Review Board (IRB) to evaluate its early concepts for a groundbreaking, international partnership with ESA (European Space Agency) to return the first samples from another planet.

Following an examination of the agency’s ambitious Mars Sample Return plan, the board’s report concludes that NASA is prepared for the campaign, building on decades of scientific advancements and technical progress in Mars exploration.

ICC Prosecutor calls for Libya ceasefire progress, decries ‘powerful forces’ hampering global justiceThe Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC) is urging Libya’s warring parties to implement their recent historic ceasefire agreement, calling it a “welcome concrete development” for a population that has been yearning for peace. Peace and Security

Agência Brasil/Marcelo CamargoCOVID-19: Slow road to jobs recovery for Latin America and the CaribbeanThe labour market in Latin America and the Caribbean faces a slow recovery after the COVID-19 pandemic, highlighting the need for “active macro policies” and other measures to promote sustainable development alongside getting people back into the workforce. Economic Development

CDCCan ‘Open Science’ speed up the search for a COVID-19 vaccine? 5 things you need to knowThe UN is calling for authoritative scientific information and research to be made freely available, to accelerate research into an effective vaccine against the COVID-19 virus, help counter misinformation, and “unlock the full potential of science”.Health

UNRWA/Yazan FaresUN agency for Palestine refugees runs out of money as COVID-19 spreadsThe UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNWRA) has run out of cash on hand to keep vital services going amid the worsening health emergency, UNRWA spokesperson Tamara Alrifai told a regular UN press briefing in Geneva on Tuesday.Humanitarian Aid

WFP/Oluwaseun OluwamuyiwaCOVID-19 worsening food insecurity, driving displacement, warn UN agenciesGlobal hunger and population displacement, which were already at record levels when COVID-19 struck, could “surge” as migrants and those reliant on a dwindling flow of remittances desperately seek work to support their families, a new UN report has warned. Migrants and Refugees

UNICEF/van OorsouwUN rights chief Bachelet condemns Tanzania election violenceThe people of Tanzania should be allowed to express grievances “without fear of reprisals” after nationwide elections, UN rights chief Michelle Bachelet said on Tuesday. Peace and Security

UN Photo/Violaine Martin (file)Oppose hatred in all its forms, UN chief urgesThe United Nations Secretary-General has called on the global community to stand against hatred in all its forms, and to reject the “lies and loathing” which led to the rise of Nazism and which fractures societies today. Peace and Security
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/11 –

Performing the duties of deputy undersecretary of defense for policy, James Anderson, right, walks with Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Željko Komšić at the Pentagon on Nov. 26, 2019. (Cpl. Marcos A. Alvarado/U.S. Defense Department)

Top policy, intelligence civilians resign amid Pentagon shakeup

Anderson joins Defense Secretary Mark Esper in exiting the building.By: Aaron Mehta

Census Bureau Profile America Facts for Features: Veterans Day: November 11, 2020

Veterans Day 2020: Nov. 11
Veterans Day originated as “Armistice Day” on Nov. 11, 1919, the first anniversary marking the end of World War I. Congress passed a resolution in 1926 making it an annual observance, and it became a national holiday in 1938. Then-President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed legislation in 1954 to change the name to Veterans Day to honor all those who served the country in war or peace. On this day, the nation honors military veterans with parades and other observances across the country and a ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.The following facts are possible thanks to the invaluable responses to U.S. Census Bureau surveys. We appreciate the public’s cooperation in helping us measure America’s people, places and economy. 

Veteran Population

Did You Know?

17.4 million

The number of military veterans in the United States in 2019.

Source: 2019 American Community Survey

1.6 million

The number of female veterans in the United States in 2019.

Source: 2019 American Community Survey


The percentage of veterans in 2019 who were Black. Additionally, 76.2% were non-Hispanic White; 1.8% were Asian; 0.8% were American Indian or Alaska Native; 0.2% were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; and 1.4% were some other race. (The numbers cover only those reporting a single race.) Source: 2019 American Community Survey


The percentage of veterans in 2019 who were Hispanic. Source: 2019 American Community Survey


The percentage of veterans age 65 and older in 2019. At the other end of the age spectrum, 8.4% were younger than age 35. Source: 2019 American Community Survey

More on Veterans

Here’s a detailed profile on the veteran population from the 2019 American Community Survey. Statistics include:

  • When veterans served.
  • Demographics – age, sex, race and Hispanic or Latino origin.
  • Median income.
  • Educational attainment.
  • Employment status.
  • Poverty status.
  • Disability status.

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Miss Mississippi wins

Miss USA🇺🇸

Chat With Charlie

3 pm ET

Join our founder Charlie Annenberg for a very special live discussion with Polar Bears International! 

Charlie will interview scientist Alysa McCall about her work, polar bear research during the pandemic, and how people can help polar bears. 

Hope to see you on the Tundra Connections channel.


Connect to a Marketplace-registered agent or broker who will contact you to help you enroll in a health care plan for 2021.  Agents or brokers are trained and registered by the Marketplace and licensed in their respective state. They’re usually paid by the insurance companies whose plans they sell; however, they’re required in many states to act in the consumer’s best interest. If you would like an agent or broker to contact you for help enrolling, select the button below. You’ll be redirected to “Help On Demand,” where you can provide your contact information and an agent or broker will reach out to you. 
Note: Simply providing your contact information isn’t considered enrolling. To get coverage, you must still complete your application and pick a plan by the December 15 deadline. provides this link for your convenience. Once you visit Help on Demand, you’re subject to its privacy and security policies. It’s operated under contract with CMS (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services) – the federal agency that administers 

Remember: The deadline to enroll in a 2021 Marketplace plan is December 15

You can also visit Find Local Help for a full list of agents and brokers and other assistance in your area you can contact yourself.

UN refugee agency: Keep borders open for fleeing Ethiopians The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) said on Wednesday that it is working with Sudanese authorities to help more than 7,000 refugees who have fled Ethiopia over the past two days, following major clashes in the Tigray region of the country. Migrants and Refugees©

UNICEF/UN0360171/ChoufanyBeirut blast aftermath: Healing underway, city needs more support to cleanse ‘deep wounds’Those affected by the devastating explosions that tore through Beirut 100 days ago, killing more than 200 people, remain in need of crucial support, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) warned on Wednesday. Humanitarian Aid

YPN for UNOCHAUN envoy urges Yemen’s warring parties to place ‘a firm bet on peace’, as famine threat continuesThe plight of Yemenis demands “nothing less than a firm bet on peace”, the UN Special Envoy told the Security Council on Wednesday.  Peace and Security

UNICEF/Adriana ZehbrauskasSocial media-based trafficking on the rise during coronavirus pandemicA UN rights committee has called on social media platforms to use big data and artificial intelligence to help eliminate trafficking in women and girls, amid an increase in online traps designed to recruit potential victims during the COVID-19 pandemic.Human Rights

UNAMA/Fardin WaeziJournalists covering conflict, essential workers for a ‘durable peace’ says GuterresReporters and other media workers in warzones across the world, are reliable witnesses who contribute to forging peace, and must be better-protected under international humanitarian law, said the UN chief on Wednesday.Law and Crime Prevention

UN Women/Allison JoyceEnding statelessness ‘a matter of political will’, says UN refugee agency chiefThe UN High Commissioner for Refugees has called on world leaders to take bold and swift action to eradicate statelessness by 2024. Migrants and Refugees

IOM/Matteo TheubetUN chief shocked at ‘wanton brutality’ in northern MozambiqueThe United Nations Secretary-General has called on the authorities in Mozambique to investigate brutal killings this past weekend, in the country’s northern Cabo Delgado province, and bring the perpetrators to justice. Peace and Security

United Nations/Daniel GetachewDisplaced in Nigeria’s restive northeast tell UN deputy chief they’re ‘impatient’ for homeThe United Nations Deputy Secretary-General is on a trip to West Africa and the Sahel region, and on Tuesday, she travelled to Borno state in northeastern Nigeria, a region badly affected by conflict and where many continue to live under the threat of Boko Haram insurgency. Peace and Security
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/12 –

United States Attorney Announces Operation LeGend 12-Week Results11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST

Attorney General William P. Barr Honors Department of Justice Employees and Others for the 68th Annual Attorney General’s Awards11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST

Assistant Attorney General Makan Delrahim Delivers Remarks on the Future of Antitrust11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
Good afternoon, I am pleased to join you today at the ABA Antitrust Fall Forum, my fourth as Assistant Attorney General. I’d like to thank the Chair of the ABA Antitrust Law Section, Gary Zanfagna and the Conference Co-Chairs, Melanie Aitken and Anant Raut for their efforts in organizing this event.

Justice Department Issues Guidance On The Use Of Arbitration And Launches Small Business Help Center11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice announced the publication of two new resources on its website today. 

Justice Department Files Race Discrimination Lawsuit Against Pearl, Mississippi Property Owners and Rental Agent11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Department of Justice announced today that it has filed a lawsuit alleging that the owners, operators and rental agent of several apartment complexes in Pearl, Mississippi, violated the Fair Housing Act by discriminating against African Americans based on their race

Tennessee Emergency Medical Doctor Sentenced to Prison for Unlawfully Distributing Controlled Substances11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Tennessee emergency medical doctor was sentenced today to serve 24 months in prison followed by three years of supervised release for his role in unlawfully distributing controlled substances.

United States Reaches Settlement with Federal Way Public Schools to Resolve Student Complaints of Harassment on the Basis of Religion and National Origin11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
Today the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Western District of Washington announced a settlement agreement with Federal Way Public Schools in Washington to resolve an investigation into allegations of peer-on-peer harassment on the basis of religion and national origin.

Justice Department’s Procurement Collusion Strike Force Announces Eleven New National Partners11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced today that the Procurement Collusion Strike Force (PCSF) is adding 11 new national partners to the Strike Force, for a total of 29 agencies and offices committed on the national level to combatting collusion, antitrust crimes and related fraudulent schemes, which undermine competition in government procurement, grant and program funding.

Indivior Solutions Sentenced To Pay $289 Million In Criminal Penalties For Unlawful Marketing Of Opioid Drug11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
Indivior Solutions was sentenced to pay $289 million in criminal penalties in connection with a previous guilty plea related to the marketing of the opioid-addiction-treatment drug Suboxone, the Department of Justice announced today.

Statement on DOJ Office of Professional Responsibility Report on Jeffrey Epstein 2006-2008 Investigation11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
The executive summary of a report by the Department of Justice’s Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR) was released today to affected victims.  The summary, which is available on the Justice Department website, provides the essential details about the findings of OPR’s investigation into the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of Florida’s resolution of its 2006–2008 federal criminal investigation of Jeffrey Epstein and its interactions with victims during the investigation. 

Virginia Return Preparer Indicted for Evading her Own Taxes and Not Filing Her Returns11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
A federal grand jury in Richmond, Virginia, returned an indictment charging a return preparer with tax evasion and failure to file individual income tax returns, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division and U.S. Attorney G. Zachary Terwilliger for the Eastern District of Virginia.

Justice Department Settles with Transportation and Logistics Company to Resolve Immigration-Related Discrimination Claims11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced today that it reached a settlement with IAS Logistics DFW LLC, d/b/a Pinnacle Logistics (Pinnacle Logistics), a transportation and logistics company headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas.  

University Researcher Pleads Guilty to Lying on Grant Applications to Develop Scientific Expertise for China11/12/2020 12:00 AM EST
A rheumatology professor and researcher with strong ties to China pleaded guilty to making false statements to federal authorities as part of an immunology research fraud scheme. Song Guo Zheng, 58, of Hilliard, appeared in federal court today, at which time his guilty plea was accepted by Chief U.S. District Judge Algenon L. Marbley.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
EARLYBIRD BRIEF compiled by Diana Correll and Steve Weigand.
  1. Top policy, intelligence civilians resign amid Pentagon shakeup
(Defense News) The Pentagon Tuesday confirmed the resignations of the department’s top civilian officials for policy and intelligence, a day after Defense Secretary Mark Esper was forced out by President Donald Trump.
  2. Pentagon hire may rush troop withdrawals before Trump’s exit
(Axios) President Trump’s newly installed acting Pentagon chief is bringing on a senior adviser in a sign the administration wants to accelerate the withdrawal of U.S. troops from the Middle East before the end of his presidency in January, three people familiar with the move told Axios.
  3. Fate of Iraq War hero Alwyn Cashe’s Medal of Honor now rests with the White House
(Military Times) Fate of Iraq War hero Alwyn Cashe’s Medal of Honor now rests with the White House.
  4. 37 Senate Dems urge mandate to rename bases honoring Confederate generals stay in defense bill
(Defense News) Heading into negotiations on the annual defense policy bill next week, leaders of the House and Senate Armed Services committees are under new pressure to buck President Donald Trump’s veto threat and keep a proposed requirement that the Pentagon rename bases honoring Confederate military leaders.
  5. Will the NDAA survive a lame duck Trump?
(Politico) The House and Senate Armed Services Committees aim to quickly negotiate and pass a compromise defense policy bill in the coming weeks.

Exploitation Colonialism 

is the national economic policy of conquering a country to exploit its population as labour and its natural resources as raw material.

The practice of exploitation colonialism 

contrasts with settler colonialism, the policy of conquering a country to establish a branch of the metropole (motherland). A reason for which a country might practice exploitation colonialism is the immediate financial gain produced by the low-cost extraction of raw materials by means of a native people, usually administered by a colonial government.Exploitation colonialism: The world in 1898; European empires colonised the AmericasAfricaAsia, and Oceania.

The geopolitics of an Imperialist power determine which of these colonial practices it will follow. In the example of the British Empire, colonists settled mainly in northern North America and in Australia, where the native populations declined due to disease and violence in the course of establishing a facsimile society of the metropole, the abuse of the Thirteen Colonies caused the American Revolution. Whereas the densely populated countries of the British Raj (1858–1947), in the Indian subcontinent, and the British occupation of Egypt and South Africa, as well as the island of Barbados, were ruled by a small populace of colonial administrators (colonial government) that redirected the local economies to exploitation management to supply the metropole with food, raw materials, and some finished goods.

Exploitation was often reinforced by colonial European geographers who implemented theories such as environmental determinism, which suggested warmer climates produced less civilized people. These theories were among the scholarly canon that helped legitimize colonial activity and expansion into overseas territories.

Geographers such as Friedrich Ratzel suggested that the survival of empire relied on its ability to expand its control and influence around the world. By implying a correlation between colonial expansion and national success, geographers were able to produce a sense of nationalism within many European nations. Their influence created a sense of pride that was able to reassure subjects that their nation’s activity abroad was beneficial to not only them, but that their presence was necessary within the territories being occupied.

Barbados was claimed for the English in 1625 by Captain John Powell, and by the 1660s the English had come to regard Barbados as being by far and away their most highly prized possession anywhere in the New World. The island’s value to England, and the enormous wealth of a minority of its English inhabitants, hinged on the relationship that had been forged during the previous twenty years between sugar and slavery.

See also


  1. a b c d Gilmartin, Mary (April 2009). Key Concepts in Political Geography. UK: SAGE Publications Ltd. p. 116.
  2. ^ Wood, Betty (1997). The Origins of American Slavery: Freedom and Bondage in the English Colonies. New York: Hill and Wang. pp. 45ISBN 0-8090-7456-7.

  1. Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction 

Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction


Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

How Science Has Revolutionized the Understanding of Drug Addiction

For much of the past century, scientists studying drugs and drug use labored in the shadows of powerful myths and misconceptions about the nature of addiction. When scientists began to study addictive behavior in the 1930s, people with an addiction were thought to be morally flawed and lacking in willpower. Those views shaped society’s responses to drug use, treating it as a moral failing rather than a health problem, which led to an emphasis on punishment rather than prevention and treatment.

Today, thanks to science, our views and our responses to addiction and the broader spectrum of substance use disorders have changed dramatically. Groundbreaking discoveries about the brain have revolutionized our understanding of compulsive drug use, enabling us to respond effectively to the problem.

As a result of scientific research, we know that addiction is a medical disorder that affects the brain and changes behavior. We have identified many of the biological and environmental risk factors and are beginning to search for the genetic variations that contribute to the development and progression of the disorder. Scientists use this knowledge to develop effective prevention and treatment approaches that reduce the toll drug use takes on individuals, families, and communities.

Despite these advances, we still do not fully understand why some people develop an addiction to drugs or how drugs change the brain to foster compulsive drug use. This booklet aims to fill that knowledge gap by providing scientific information about the disorder of drug addiction, including the many harmful consequences of drug use and the basic approaches that have been developed to prevent and treat substance use disorders.

At the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), we believe that increased understanding of the basics of addiction will empower people to make informed choices in their own lives, adopt science-based policies and programs that reduce drug use and addiction in their communities, and support scientific research that improves the Nation’s well-being.

Nora D. Volkow, M.D.
National Institute on Drug Abuse

PDF (16.06 MB)

USDA Agricultural Marketing Service national organic program organic insider
New Input Material Review Course
Available in Learning Center Material review is critical for organic production and handling. Material input decisions directly impact the status of organic operations. This course, developed in partnership with the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI), teaches participants how to know which input sources are allowed and which restrictions apply to specific input materials. The course explores fundamental material review principles, organic regulatory requirements, resources for making informed decisions and real-world examples. Course lessons include:
Fundamentals of Material Review
Crop Inputs
Livestock Inputs
Handling Inputs

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Have a Learning Center account?  Access site

To access all completed course content, register for the National Organic Program Training Archive course to review (read-only) material from all OILC courses.
About the Learning Center
Organic Integrity from Farm to Table. Consumers Trust the Organic Label.
Organic Insider Archive

Booz | Allen | Hamilton
An effective purple teaming program—with red team offensive experts simulating adversaries and blue team defensive experts improving prevention and response—helps organizations stay ahead of cyber attacks.

Keep up with the top cybersecurity trends for 2021 and proactively inform your cyber strategy for the coming year.

Our national infrastructure is growing in connectivity and complexity. Read about the key issues to protect continuity of operations in the event of a cyber attack.

Leading experts across the government and industry discuss the current 5G landscape, the future of 5G, and potential threats that must be mitigated.
What roles are there for women in defense? Why do we need more women veterans in national security? Join us on November 17 as we answer these questions with executives from across the industry.

Cyber Resiliency in an Expanding Threat Landscape | Politico

The Chinese MSS Is Attacking Us with Our Own Tools | Nextgov

Booz Allen Launches SnapAttack To Advance Cybersecurity | ExecutiveGov

Working Together to Secure Our Expanding Connected Health Future | HelpNetSecurity

The von Kármán Lecture Series:

Failure *is* an Option: The Agony & Inspiration of Defeat

Nov. 12 & 13

There are lessons in defeat. This month’s show will discuss several notable failures in the course of JPL’s history of exploration and the incredibly valuable lessons from them. Did you know the loss of a Mars spacecraft led to a new system that lets us never lose contact during critical maneuvers? Or that a failed spacecraft antenna helped make better mobile phones? Space is hard — join us to hear how JPL turns setbacks into motivation.

Preston Dyches


Thursday, November 12, 2020, 7pm
The von Kármán Auditorium at JPL
4800 Oak Grove Drive
La Cañada Flintridge, CA
› Directions

Friday, November 13, 2020, 7pm
Caltech’s Beckman Auditorium
1200 E California Blvd.
Pasadena, CA
› Directions

› Click here to watch the event live on Ustream
* Only the Thursday lectures are streamed live.


› Click here to watch the event live on YouTube
› Click here to watch the event live on Ustream

* Only the Thursday lectures are streamed live.


UN News


Measles cases hit 23-year high last year, killing 200,000 as vaccination stalls, WHO says

UNICEF/Nahom TesfayeIn June 2020, a measles vaccination campaign targeting 14 million children was launched in Ethiopia.Health

Measles killed an estimated 207,500 people last year after a decade-long failure to reach optimal vaccination coverage, resulting in the highest number of cases for 23 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) and US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) said in a joint report on Thursday.  

The death toll in 2019 was 50 per cent higher than a historic low reached in 2016, and all WHO regions saw an increase in cases, adding up to a global total of 869,770.  

This year there have been fewer cases, but the COVID-19 pandemic has further set back vaccination efforts, with more than 94 million people at risk of missing measles vaccines in 26 countries that have paused their vaccination campaigns, including many countries with ongoing outbreaks. 

Measles cases hit 23-year high last year, killing 200,000 as vaccination stalls, WHO saysMeasles killed an estimated 207,500 people last year after a decade-long failure to reach optimal vaccination coverage, resulting in the highest number of cases for 23 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) and US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) said in a joint report on Thursday.  Health

IOM/Hussein Ben MosaMore tragedy on the Mediterranean as 74 migrants reportedly drown off Libya coastThe International Organization for Migration (IOM) on Thursday reported yet another devastating shipwreck in the Central Mediterranean, which has claimed the lives of at least 74 migrants off the coast of Khums, Libya. It is the eighth such incident since the beginning of October.Migrants and Refugees

UN Photo/BZNeglected tropical diseases: Countries endorse new targets to eradicate 20 killersA bold new blueprint to tackle all neglected tropical diseases has been agreed at the UN health agency’s World Health Assembly, which will involve a radical shift in approach by Member States and non-state actors, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday.Health©

UNICEFYemen: Stricken oil tanker must be inspected to avoid environmental catastrophe, UN expert urges It is “vital” that technical experts be granted immediate access to a rusting oil tanker threatening an environmental calamity in the Red Sea, an independent UN expert said on Thursday. Human Rights

UN Photo/Martine PerretLandmine toll still high amid concerns over COVID-19 impact on clearance effortsThousands of people continue to be killed and injured every year by landmines and explosive weapons in conflicts around the world, while the COVID-19 pandemic has forced mine-clearance efforts to be scaled back, a  UN-backed civil society report on the issue said on Thursday.Law and Crime Prevention©

World Bank/Aisha FaquirCOVID disruption will ‘pale in comparison’ if world fails to act on climate change, SDGsThe fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement and the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) “go hand in hand”, the UN chief told a major development bank conference on Thursday.SDGs

UNICEF/Balasundaram‘No way’ to get vital humanitarian aid into Ethiopia’s Tigray region, UN warnsWith telephone lines still cut and transport links disrupted, it is impossible for humanitarians to get vital supplies into Ethiopia’s Tigray region or assess evolving humanitarian needs, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has said. Peace and Security

WHO/ Yoshi Shimizu‘Bring life to those fighting for breath’, UNICEF urges on World Pneumonia Day Pneumonia is not a new emergency, it takes the lives of some 800,000 children each year, but this year’s COVID-19 pandemic makes it even more critical to stop the deadly infection, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) warned on Thursday. Health

IMOSeafarers, heroes of the pandemic as shipping plays vital role in crisisThe global shipping industry has played a vital role in the global response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and demand for its services has limited the annual decline in maritime trade volumes to around 4.1 per cent in 2020, the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) said in its annual report on the shipping industry on Thursday. Economic Development
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/13 –

New York Businessman Pleads Guilty to Tax Evasion11/13/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Woodsburgh, New York, businessman pleaded guilty today to tax evasion, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division.

Department Of Justice Acts To Stop Sale Of “Nano Silver” Product As Treatment For Covid-1911/13/2020 12:00 AM EST
The United States filed suit to halt the sale by a New Jersey entity of an unapproved “nano silver” product previously touted as a COVID-19 treatment, the Department of Justice announced today.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
EARLYBIRD BRIEF compiled by Diana Correll and Steve Weigand.
  1. 5 US soldiers among 7 peacekeepers killed in Sinai helicopter crash
(Military Times) A helicopter belonging to an international peacekeeping force has crashed in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, killing five U.S. Army soldiers among seven dead, according to an Army official.
  2. After firings and turnover, national security community wonders: what’s next?
(Defense News) The unprecedented removal of top Pentagon officials during a presidential transition has left the national security community reeling, wondering who will be the next to go and struggling to understand why it is happening at all.
  3. Outgoing Syria envoy admits hiding US troop numbers
(Defense One) “We were always playing shell games,” says Amb. Jim Jeffrey, who also gives advice to President-elect Biden.
  4. White House halts US residents and businesses from investing in companies with ties to Chinese military
(Washington Examiner) President Trump has signed an order barring people in the United States from investing in a batch of Chinese companies that the White House says hold ties to China’s military.
  5. Biden team reaching out to former Mattis officials for help with transition
(Politico) President-elect Joe Biden’s team has had initial discussions with people who worked for former Defense Secretary Jim Mattis about helping with the transition at the Pentagon and possibly serving in the new administration, according to three people familiar with the move.

NCBDDD: Preventive care and medical homes among US children with heart conditions
This report found that most children with heart conditions received preventive care, but less than half had a medical home. Specifically, researchers found that children with heart conditions were less likely to have a medical home if they were younger, of a racial/ethnic minority group or had multiple medical conditions. Ongoing, appropriate medical care can help children and adults with a heart condition, such as a congenital heart defect, live as healthy as possible. Read the scientific summary

Early Intervention, Parent Talk, and Pragmatic Language in Children With Hearing Loss

recent publication in Pediatrics encourages pediatricians and other health care professionals to counsel families about the value of timely identification of hearing loss and early intervention for the optimal development of pragmatic language skills (i.e. ability to use language in context), as well as the importance of parents talking to their children with hearing loss as much as possible to help with development of these skills. 

Better You Know: Awareness of Bleeding Disorders among Women and Young Girls
Up to 1.6 million (or about 1 in every 100) women and girls in the United States have a bleeding disorder, many of whom are undiagnosed. Bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia and von Willebrand disease (VWD) make it hard for the blood to clot. Heavy menstrual bleeding (periods) may be the most noticeable symptom of a bleeding disorder. Bleeding disorders in women and girls can be hard to identify and diagnose. 
Better You Know is a campaign to raise awareness of bleeding disorders among women and girls who may experience symptoms but have not yet been diagnosed. It also aims to increase knowledge and awareness among non-hematology healthcare providers. The campaign, developed by the National Hemophilia Foundation in partnership with CDC, has materials for healthcare providers to help assess bleeding symptoms and determine the risk for a bleeding disorder as well as materials about how to coordinate care with a hematologist for diagnostic testing for women and girls at risk. 
Check out free materials about signs and symptoms of bleeding disorders in women and girls.


Study: Urban Greenery Plays a Surprising Role in Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Echo Park Lake with Downtown Los Angeles skyline in the background
A recent study focusing on “the L.A. megacity” – an area encompassing all of Los Angeles County and areas beyond – found that urban greenery added a small unexpected amount to the region’s overall output of carbon dioxide. Credit: Michael Bogner / Adobe Stock
› Larger view

A new study tracing the sources of carbon dioxide, the most significant human-generated greenhouse gas, reveals the unexpectedly large influence of vegetation in urban environments.

Burning fossil fuels in densely populated regions greatly increases the level of the greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide. The largest carbon dioxide sources are cars, trucks, ports, power generation, and industry, including manufacturing. Urban greenery adds CO2 to the atmosphere when vegetation dies and decomposes, increasing total emissions. Urban vegetation also removes this gas from the atmosphere when it photosynthesizes, causing total measured emissions to drop. Understanding the role of urban vegetation is important for managing cities’ green spaces and tracking the effects of other carbon sources.

recently published study showed that among the overall sources of carbon dioxide in urban environments, a fraction is from decaying trees, lawns, and other urban vegetation. The contribution is modest – about one-fifth of the measured CO2 contributed by the urban environment – and varies seasonally. This was more than researchers anticipated and underscores the complexity of tracking urban carbon emissions.


UN News


Reported Ethiopia massacre: UN rights chief warns of spiralling situation, war crimes 

© UNICEF/Tanya BindraA girl stands outside her home in the Tigray Region, Ethiopia.Human Rights

Disturbing reports of an alleged massacre have surfaced in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, amid fighting between national and regional forces that may become impossible to control, the UN human rights chief warned on Friday. 

Reacting to emerging details of mass killings involving scores of victims in the town of Mai-Kadra, Michelle Bachelet said that “if the Tigray national (and) regional forces and Ethiopian Government forces continue down the path they are on, there is a risk this situation will spiral totally out of control”. 

Deputy UN chief looks to ‘new dawn for Mali’, promotes participation of women in country’s transitionThe UN Deputy Secretary-General, Amina Mohammed on Friday has been strongly advocating for the greater participation of women and youth in Mali’s ongoing transition towards a durable peace, and the response to the COVID-19 pandemic, as she continues her solidarity visit to West Africa and the Sahel.Peace and Security

World Health OrganizationDiabetes increasing COVID risks, showing need to strengthen health systems As the number of people with diabetes surges, many are at “increased risk of severe disease and death from COVID-19”, the UN chief said in his message for World Diabetes Day, on Saturday. Health©

UNICEF/Tanya BindraReported Ethiopia massacre: UN rights chief warns of spiralling situation, war crimes Disturbing reports of an alleged massacre have surfaced in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, amid fighting between national and regional forces that may become impossible to control, the UN human rights chief warned on Friday. Human Rights©

UNICEFCOVID-19: Consequences of ‘chronic under-investment in public health’ laid bare: TedrosA global chronic under-investment in public health has been exposed by the coronavirus pandemic, which must now lead to a major re-think in how all societies value health, said the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) on Friday.Health

Kseniya GolubovichViolations continuing against Belarus protesters, UN human rights office warns More than three months on from the disputed presidential election in Belarus, the Belarusian Government continues to “wield the machinery of the State to commit human rights violations”, the Spokesperson for the UN human rights office warned on Friday.  Human Rights©

UNHCR/Deiliany Lazara de SouzaMozambique Cabo Delgado violence is a ‘desperate’ situation, warns BacheletThere is increasing concern about the worsening security situation in Cabo Delgado province in northern Mozambique, which the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights described on Friday as “desperate”.Peace and Security

UN Photo/Martine PerretGuterres ‘remains committed’ to maintaining 1991 ceasefire in Western SaharaThe UN chief has expressed “grave concern” at the possible consequences which could arise from an operation reportedly launched by the Moroccan Government on the southern border of Western Sahara, in response to a reported highway blockade by supporters of the pro-independence Frente POLISARIO.Peace and Security©

UNICEF/Helene Sandbu RyengSouth Sudan: ‘No child anywhere should suffer from polio’ – UN health agencyAlthough South Sudan had recently been declared free from the wild poliovirus, the UN health agency said on Friday that 15 children under the age of five are reported to have been infected by a vaccine-derived form of polio, which has left them with irreversible paralysis. Health
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/14 –


(English: /dɪˈwɑːliː/Deepavali (IASTdīpāvali) or Divali) is a festival of lights mainly celebrated by Hindus. The festival usually lasts five days and celebrated during the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika (between mid-October and mid-November). One of the most popular festivals of Hinduism, Diwali symbolizes the spiritual “victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance”. The festival is widely associated with Lakshmi, goddess of prosperity, with many other regional traditions connecting the holiday to Sita and RamaVishnuKrishnaYama, YamiDurgaKaliHanumanGaneshaKuberaDhanvantari, or Vishvakarman. Furthermore, it is, in some regions, a celebration of the day Lord Rama returned to his kingdom Ayodhya with his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana after defeating Ravana in Lanka and serving 14 years of exile.

Introducing the Global Infrastructure Map

Global Infrastructure Map website screenshot

Some ten years back, World Bank staff working in the Africa Region came up with the idea of producing simple infrastructure atlases for each African country. As these atlases took shape, it was amazing to see how clearly each country’s infrastructure story came into focus. We were struck by how closely national infrastructure networks mirrored physical and economic geography, how much they were shaped by the major supply chains underpinning local economies, and even the extent to which conflict-affected areas suffered from an absence of infrastructure.

Building on these early experiences, the World Bank has developed a Global Infrastructure Map. The idea of the map is to bring together all available global geospatial data layers relevant to infrastructure in a single user-friendly platform.  This has meant a combination of compiling and collating relevant public domain datasets, and selectively acquiring key proprietary datasets.

The resulting map offers some 55 layers of geospatial data at – (Bank staff, please use the FURL infradata/)

  • The map includes many important layers of geographic context, such as topography, climate, population, disaster risk, agricultural activity, and administrative boundaries.
  • For digital infrastructure, the only non-proprietary data layers available relate to submarine cables.
  • For energy infrastructure, the map displays power plants (by size and technology), as well as grid infrastructure and nightlights
  • For transport infrastructure, layers include roads (by category) and rail networks, as well as seaports and airports, and a friction surface portraying the extent of isolation from cities.
  • In addition to the networks themselves, the map includes choropleth layers that allow cross-country comparisons on country level economic indicators such as cellular subscriptions, energy intensity, or container port traffic.
  • The map also conveys international interactions through lines that visualize a country’s imports and exports of different types of energy, and eventually its connectivity links with other countries through air or sea transportation.
oil exports map lines

The platform supports different types of uses. The starting point is an interactive visualization, by switching different layers on and off; which can be undertaken at the global level (zooming into specific regions and sub-regions) as well as at the national level. Thereafter, users can convert their selected map into a PDF file for export into documents and presentations. For those wishing to do their own geospatial analysis, the map also provides access to the underlying geospatial datafiles.

The Global Infrastructure Map is a work in progress, and we plan to update annually with additional data layers as these become available. Some notable gaps remain that will pose challenges to fill. For instance, there is no globally available map of countries’ fiber optic backbone. Nor do we yet have a global map of navigable waterways, while road quality and traffic flows are only available for some specific countries where surveys have been undertaken.

While this resource was designed to support World Bank analytics, its applications are very much wider in terms of enriching a whole range of operational and analytical needs, as well as providing a conversation starter for client dialogue. When it comes to infrastructure, a picture really can be worth a thousand words.

Please direct any feedback or questions to

This weekend make Otis Lee’s poundcake, adapted by CC Allen, from Mr. Fofo’s Deli in Detroit, Melissa Clark’s pumpkin sticky toffee puddings for two or Aaron Hutcherson’s brussels sprouts with honey and miso. Find more Recipes for the Weekend ,Yossy Arefi for The New Times

Yossy Arefi for The New York Times (Photography and Styling)
Otis Lee’s Detroit Famous Poundcake
1 1/2 hours, One 10-inch cake  

Christopher Simpson for The New York Times. Food Stylist: Simon Andrews.
Pumpkin Sticky Toffee Puddings for Two
45 minutes, 2 servings  

David Malosh for The New York Times. Food Stylist: Maggie Ruggiero.
Roasted Brussels Sprouts With Honey and Miso
45 minutes, 4 servings  

Romulo Yanes for The New York Times. Food Stylist: Vivian Lui.
Buttermilk-Brined Roast Turkey
2 hours, plus 48 hours’ brining, 10 to 14 servings

11/15 –


is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where), patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.

It is a cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare. Epidemiologists help with study design, collection, and statistical analysis of data, amend interpretation and dissemination of results (including peer review and occasional systematic review). Epidemiology has helped develop methodology used in clinical researchpublic health studies, and, to a lesser extent, basic research in the biological sciences.

Major areas of epidemiological study include disease causation, transmissionoutbreak investigation, disease surveillanceenvironmental epidemiologyforensic epidemiologyoccupational epidemiologyscreeningbiomonitoring, and comparisons of treatment effects such as in clinical trials. Epidemiologists rely on other scientific disciplines like biology to better understand disease processes, statistics to make efficient use of the data and draw appropriate conclusions, social sciences to better understand proximate and distal causes, and engineering for exposure assessment.

Epidemiology, literally meaning “the study of what is upon the people”, is derived from Greek epi ‘upon, among’, demos  ‘people, district’, and logos ‘study, word, discourse’, suggesting that it applies only to human populations. However, the term is widely used in studies of zoological populations (veterinary epidemiology), although the term “epizoology” is available, and it has also been applied to studies of plant populations (botanical or plant disease epidemiology).

The distinction between “epidemic” and “endemic” was first drawn by Hippocrates, to distinguish between diseases that are “visited upon” a population (epidemic) from those that “reside within” a population (endemic). The term “epidemiology” appears to have first been used to describe the study of epidemics in 1802 by the Spanish physician Villalba in Epidemiología Española. Epidemiologists also study the interaction of diseases in a population, a condition known as a syndemic.

The term epidemiology is now widely applied to cover the description and causation of not only epidemic disease, but of disease in general, and even many non-disease, health-related conditions, such as high blood pressure, depression and obesity. Therefore, this epidemiology is based upon how the pattern of the disease causes change in the function of human beings.

The Profession

Few universities have offered epidemiology as a course of study at the undergraduate level. One notable undergraduate program exists at Johns Hopkins University, where students who major in public health can take graduate level courses, including epidemiology, during their senior year at the Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Although epidemiologic research is conducted by individuals from diverse disciplines, including clinically trained professionals such as physicians, formal training is available through Masters or Doctoral programs including Master of Public Health (MPH), Master of Science of Epidemiology (MSc.), Doctor of Public Health (DrPH), Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD), Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Doctor of Science (ScD). Many other graduate programs, e.g., Doctor of Social Work (DSW), Doctor of Clinical Practice (DClinP), Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (DPM), Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM), Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP), Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), or for clinically trained physicians, Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS or MBChB) and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO), include some training in epidemiologic research or related topics, but this training is generally substantially less than offered in training programs focused on epidemiology or public health. Reflecting the strong historical tie between epidemiology and medicine, formal training programs may be set in either schools of public health and medical schools.

As public health/health protection practitioners, epidemiologists work in a number of different settings. Some epidemiologists work ‘in the field’; i.e., in the community, commonly in a public health/health protection service, and are often at the forefront of investigating and combating disease outbreaks. Others work for non-profit organizations, universities, hospitals and larger government entities such as state and local health departments, various Ministries of Health, Doctors without Borders, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Health Protection Agency, the World Health Organization (WHO), or the Public Health Agency of Canada. Epidemiologists can also work in for-profit organizations such as pharmaceutical and medical device companies in groups such as market research or clinical development.


An April 2020 University of Southern California article noted that “The coronavirus epidemic… thrust epidemiology – the study of the incidence, distribution and control of disease in a population – to the forefront of scientific disciplines across the globe and even made temporary celebrities out of some of its practitioners.”

On June 8, 2020, The New York Times published results of its survey of 511 epidemiologists asked “when they expect to resume 20 activities of daily life”; 52% of those surveyed expected to stop “routinely wearing a face covering” in one year or more.

Four astronauts launched into orbit in the first fully operational flight to the space station by SpaceX’s new passenger spacecraft.
Sunday, November 15, 2020 7:51 PM EST
SpaceX carried four astronauts to orbit, overcoming iffy weather and a brief delay. After a trip of some 27.5 hours in orbit, the astronauts will dock with the International Space Station and begin a six-month stay.
Read the latest

11/16 –

Former Police Officer and Gangster Disciples Member Sentenced to Prison11/16/2020 12:00 AM EST
A former DeKalb County, Georgia, police officer and member of the Gangster Disciples was sentenced to 15 years in prison followed by five years of supervised release for racketeering conspiracy involving murder, announced Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. Rabbitt of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division and U.S. Attorney Byung J. “BJay” Pak of the Northern District of Georgia.

Medicare Advantage Provider to Pay $6.3 Million to Settle False Claims Act Allegations11/16/2020 12:00 AM EST
Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Washington, formerly known as Group Health Cooperative (GHC), agreed to pay $6,375,000 to resolve allegations that it submitted invalid diagnoses to Medicare for Medicare Advantage beneficiaries and received inflated payments from Medicare as a result, the Justice Department announced today.  Kaiser Foundation Health Plan is headquartered in Oakland, California.    

Justice Department Settles with the Commissioner of the Revenue for Caroline County, Virginia to Resolve Disability Discrimination Complaint11/16/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department today announced that it reached an agreement with the Commissioner of the Revenue for Caroline County, Virginia, in his official capacity (the “Commissioner”) to resolve the department’s lawsuit alleging disability discrimination in violation of Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

Pennsylvania Man Charged with Trafficking in Endangered and Invasive Fish11/16/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Pennsylvania man has been indicted in the Western District of Pennsylvania for violating the Lacey Act.

Justice Department Settles with School Board to Resolve Immigration-Related Discrimination Claims11/16/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced today that it reached a settlement with the School Board of Palm Beach County, Florida (the District). The settlement resolves claims that the district discriminated against work-authorized non-U.S. citizen employees by asking them to provide specific and unnecessary documentation showing their legal right to work, because of their immigration status, in violation of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). 

The China Initiative: Year-in-Review (2019-20)11/16/2020 12:00 AM EST
On the two-year anniversary of the Attorney General’s China Initiative, the Department continues its significant focus on the Initiative’s goals and announced substantial progress during the past year in disrupting and deterring the wide range of national security threats posed by the policies and practices of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) government.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Army identifies 5 soldiers killed in Sinai UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter crash
(Military Times) The Army Saturday morning identified the five soldiers killed Thursday in a helicopter crash while on a peacekeeping mission in the Sinai.
  2. Esper replacement Chris Miller tells US troops: ‘It’s time to come home’
(Fox News) Acting Defense Secretary Christopher Miller shared his first message with U.S. troops on Friday after being appointed by President Trump this week: “It’s time to come home.”
  3. Israel, at behest of US, killed al-Qaeda’s deputy in a drive-by attack in Iran
(Washington Post) Israeli agents acting at the behest of American officials killed al-Qaeda’s second-in-command in August, in a brazen drive-by shooting in Iran’s capital, according to a senior U.S. official.
  4. Two killed in explosion at Connecticut VA hospital
(Military Times) Two people were killed in an explosion at VA hospital in West Haven, Conn., on Friday morning, Veterans Affairs officials said.
  5. Gen. Hyten, embattled Joint Chiefs vice chair, will not seek second term
( The nation’s second-highest military officer will retire next year instead of seeking a new term in the Pentagon.

New CDC COVID-19 Webpage: Data on COVID-19 during Pregnancy: Birth and Infant Outcomes Presents data on the impact of COVID-19 on pregnant women and their infants, including the trimester of infection, pregnancy outcome, and whether the infant tested positive for the virus.


Healthy Workplaces – Tips and Tools for Operating your Business 

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Register in Advance


UN News

WHO rolls out plan to rid world of cervical cancer, saving millions of lives

© UNICEF/Laurent RusanganwaA young girl in Rwanda receives her HPV vaccination while her classmates nervously wait their turn.Health

The World Health Organization (WHO) set out a strategy on Tuesday for eliminating cervical cancer, which would avoid the death of an estimated five million women and girls from the disease, by 2050.

“Eliminating any cancer would have once seemed an impossible dream, but we now have the cost-effective, evidence-based tools to make that dream a reality”, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement.

The strategy, backed by WHO Member States at the World Health Assembly last week, involves vaccinating 90 per cent of girls by the age of 15, screening 70 per cent of women by the age of 35 and again by the age of 45, and treating 90 per cent of women identified with cervical disease.

‘Big milestone’

“This is a big milestone in global health, because for the first time the world has agreed to eliminate the only cancer we can prevent with a vaccine and the only cancer which is curable if detected early”, WHO Assistant Director-General Dr. Princess Nothemba Simelela told a news conference. “We have an opportunity, as the global health community, to end the suffering from this cancer.”

In latest figures, from 2018, 570,000 women acquired cervical cancer and 311,000 died. Without action to stop it, annual case numbers are projected to reach 700,000, with 400,000 associated deaths, by 2030.

Tackling the disease is expected to bring huge economic dividends because of the improved prospects for women’s participation in the workforce, with $3.20 returned to the economy for every dollar invested – or $26 once the benefits for families, communities and societies are factored in.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women globally. Death rates are three times higher in in low- and middle-income countries than in high-income countries.

WHO rolls out plan to rid world of cervical cancer, saving millions of livesThe World Health Organization (WHO) set out a strategy on Tuesday for eliminating cervical cancer, which would avoid the death of an estimated five million women and girls from the disease, by 2050.Health

BioNTechNo time for complacency as COVID-19 cases surge: WHO chiefDespite encouraging news about COVID-19 vaccines and cautious optimism over potential new tools against the disease, “this is not the time for complacency,” the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) warned on Monday during his latest press briefing in Geneva.Health

WFP/Barry CameRising hunger, ‘an outrage in a world of plenty’: Guterres“Hunger is an outrage in a world of plenty”, the UN chief told the governing body of the Organization’s food agency on Monday, highlighting the important role of food security in cementing peace.Humanitarian Aid

Unsplash/Les CorpographesClimate change: UN chief calls for ‘great leap’ towards carbon neutralityAs countries work to defeat the COVID-19 pandemic, they also have the chance to “get it right” on climate change, the UN Secretary-General told a virtual gathering of influential leaders on Monday. Climate Change

MINUSMA/Marco DorminoMany challenges remain for Sahel Joint Force, warns Lacroix, welcoming ‘increased coordination’  It will take a variety of different actors to confront and deal with the “daunting challenges” in the Sahel region, the head of UN peacekeeping told the Security Council on Monday.  Peace and Security

ILO/ Marcel CrozetNew Asian trade bloc could play key role in driving investment A new trade bloc covering a huge swathe of the Asia-Pacific region will play an important role in developing poorer economies and in post-pandemic stimulus, according to a report published on Monday by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).  Economic Development

UNICEF/CristofolettUN human rights experts denounce ‘concerted attempt’ to erode civic space in CambodiaVoicing concerns over increasing restrictions on civil society in Cambodia, a group of independent UN human rights experts have called for an immediate end to the systematic detention and criminalization of activists. Human Rights
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/17 –

Joint Statement by Attorney General of the United States William P. Barr and Fiscalía General of Mexico Alejandro Gertz Manero11/17/2020 12:00 AM EST

Former CEO Charged in Schemes to Defraud U.S. Government Related to the Conflict in Afghanistan11/17/2020 12:00 AM EST
The former chief executive officer of a U.S. government contractor was charged today in connection with schemes to defraud the U.S. Department of Defense regarding contracts related to Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.

Justice Department Alleges Conditions at Massachusetts Department of Corrections Violate the Constitution11/17/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts today concluded an investigation into conditions at the Massachusetts Department of Correction (MDOC).

Seven Charged in Connection with a COVID-Relief Fraud Scheme Involving more than 80 Fraudulent Loan Applications Worth Approximately $16 Million11/17/2020 12:00 AM EST
Seven individuals across two states were charged in an indictment unsealed today for their alleged participation in a scheme to obtain approximately $16 million in forgivable Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act.

OECD Working Group on Bribery Issues Report Commending United States for Maintaining Leading Role in the Fight Against Transnational Corruption11/17/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Working Group on Bribery of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD Working Group) issued its Phase 4 Report of the United States today, announced the U.S. Departments of Justice, Commerce, State, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Gulf Coast Health Care Fraud Strike Force Expanded to Include Eastern District of Texas11/17/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Department of Justice announced the expansion of the Criminal Division, Fraud Section’s existing Gulf Coast Health Care Fraud Strike Force to include the Eastern District of Texas.

Statement from Acting Solicitor General Jeffrey B. Wall on the Passing of Former Solicitor General Drew S. Days III11/17/2020 12:00 AM EST
Today, Acting Solicitor General Jeffrey B. Wall issued the following statement on the passing of former Solicitor General Drew S. Days III:

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Trump to order troop reductions in Afghanistan, Iraq
(The Associated Press) President Donald Trump is expected to cut a significant number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan and a smaller number in Iraq by the final days of his presidency, U.S. officials said Monday.
  2. Trump sought options for attacking Iran to stop its growing nuclear program
(New York Times) The president was dissuaded from moving ahead with a strike by advisers who warned that it could escalate into a broader conflict in his last weeks in office.
  3. Trump wants to see Austin Tice home before he leaves office, says national security adviser
(The Hill) The Trump administration is using every tool to bring home Austin Tice, the American journalist and former Marine held captive in Syria for over eight years, with the hope of achieving that goal before the president leaves office, national security adviser Robert O’Brien said in an interview released Monday.
  4. An Army reservist is the military’s 10th coronavirus death
(Military Times) The military reported its tenth coronavirus-related death on Monday, a 45-year-old, Florida-based Army reservist.
  5. VA moving ahead with plans to outsource all compensation and pension exams
(Military Times) Despite concerns from lawmakers, Veterans Affairs officials are moving ahead with plans to outsource nearly all compensation and pension exams in coming months, a move they believe will improve service for veterans.


(from Greek ἔθνος ethnos “folk, people, nation” and γράφω grapho “I write”) is a branch of anthropology and the systematic study of individual cultures. In contrast with ethnology, ethnography explores cultural phenomena from the point of view of the subject of the study. Ethnography is also a type of social research involving the examination of the behaviour of the participants in a given social situation and understanding the group members’ own interpretation of such behaviour.

As a form of inquiry, ethnography relies heavily on participant observation—on the researcher participating in the setting or with the people being studied, at least in some marginal role, and seeking to document, in detail, patterns of social interaction and the perspectives of participants, and to understand these in their local contexts. It had its origin in social and cultural anthropology in the early twentieth century, but spread to other social science disciplines, notably sociology, during the course of that century.

Ethnographers mainly use qualitative methods, though they may also employ quantitative data. The typical ethnography is a holistic study and so includes a brief history, and an analysis of the terrain, the climate, and the habitat. A wide range of group and organisation have been studied by this method, including traditional communities, youth gangs, religious cults, and organisations of various kinds. While, traditionally, ethnography has relied on the physical presence of the researcher in a setting, there is research using the label that has relied on interviews or documents, sometimes to investigate events in the past such as the NASA Challenger disaster. There is also a considerable amount of ‘virtual’ or online ethnography, sometimes labelled netnography or cyber-ethnography.

History and meaning

Bernardino de Sahagún is known as the first modern ethnographer.

The word ‘ethnography’ is derived from the Greek ἔθνος (ethnos), meaning “a company, later a people, nation” and -graphy, meaning “writing”. Ethnographic studies focus on large cultural groups of people who interact over time. Ethnography is a set of qualitative methods that are used in social sciences that focus on the observation of social practices and interactions. Its aim is to observe a situation without imposing any deductive structure or framework upon it and to view everything as strange or unique.

The field of anthropology originated from Europe and England in late 19th century. It spread its roots to the United States at the beginning of the 20th century. Some of the main contributors like E. B. Tylor (1832–1917) from Britain and Lewis H. Morgan (1818–1881), an American scientist, were considered as founders of cultural and social dimensions. Franz Boas (1858–1942), Bronislaw Malinowski (1884–1942), Ruth Benedict (1887–1948), and Margaret Mead (1901–1978), were a group of researchers from the United States who contributed the idea of cultural relativism to the literature. Boas’s approach focused on the use of documents and informants, whereas Malinowski stated that a researcher should be engrossed with the work for long periods in the field and do a participant observation by living with the informant and experiencing their way of life. He gives the viewpoint of the native and this became the origin of field work and field methods.


NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory Has a Bold, New Look

The 30-foot NASA logo, nicknamed


The sign, as seen from a distance, on JPL'S Spacecraft Assembly Facility


The 30-foot NASA logo, nicknamed

The sign, as seen from a distance, on JPL’S Spacecraft Assembly Facility. The sign is a vinyl covering stretched over an aluminum frame. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
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A giant version of NASA’s classic red, white, and blue logo now proudly adorns a building that has played a central role in space-exploration history.

A new 30-foot NASA logo has been installed on the side of the Spacecraft Assembly Facility at the Jet Propulsion Lab to welcome JPLers and visitors alike. The red, white, and blue insignia – designed in 1959 and nicknamed “the meatball” – went up on Oct. 17 and can be spotted from the freeway nearby.

“We have two strands of DNA – one NASA and one Caltech. We wanted to proudly show our NASA heritage with this logo,” said JPL Director Michael Watkins. “With the appearance of the new sign, I think that more than a few people will be surprised to realize there’s a NASA center tucked away right here in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains.” 

A giant version of NASA’s classic red, white, and blue logo now proudly adorns a building that has played a central role in space-exploration history. Credit: NASA-JPL/Caltech

Weighing 6.5 tons, the logo is a vinyl covering stretched over an aluminum frame, then fastened to a steel structural ring. It was assembled in a parking lot at JPL before being hoisted via a 50-ton crane and fastened onto the side of the High Bay of the Spacecraft Assembly Facility, the robot factory where NASA’s twin Voyager spacecraft, Galileo, and all of the agency’s Mars rovers were built. Structural steel beams were welded in place to support the new sign.

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Tribal Sovereignty and Home

Join us for a special live stream panel discussion to kick off the commUNITY themed “Tribal Sovereignty and Home” online film celebration of Native American and Alaska Native Heritage Month presented by Vision Maker Media. The films are free and open to the public for online streaming from November 16-30, 2020.

The panel will be moderated by

Jenni Monet (Laguna Pueblo), investigative journalist about Indigenous rights and social justices worldwide and media critic.


Dennis Bowen, Sr., former President of the Seneca Nation

Jim Gray, former Principal Chief of the Osage Nation

Misty Frazier (Santee Sioux/Tlingit), Executive Director of the Nebraska Indian Child Welfare Coalition

Laura L. Harris (Comanche), Executive Director and CEO of Americans for Indian Opportunity

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Healing from the Indian Adoption Era

For Sandy White Hawk, the story of America’s Indian Adoption Era is not one of saving children but of destroying families and tribes.

As an adoption survivor, Sandy sets out to reclaim the missing pieces of her stolen past and discovers that her case was not isolated. 


Blood Memory explores the communal healing that is sparked by the return of this stolen generation, as Sandy helps organize the first annual Welcome Home Ceremony in the community from which she was removed over 60 years ago.

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The staff of Vision Maker Media - an organization that empowers and engages Native people to share stories.

Listen and Learn from

Native Storytellers

During the American Indian Movement, mothers & daughters like Madonna Thunder Hawk & Marcy Gilbert fought for indigenous rights, protecting families and their way of life. Warrior Women explores what it means to balance a movement with motherhood as the activist legacy is passed down from generation to generation in the face of a government that has continually met native resistance with violence.


Watch Warrior Women and a whole collection of films as part of Native American Heritage Month on WORLD.

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Learn more about Native American Heritage Month on WORLD.


UN News


‘Full scale’ humanitarian crisis unfolding in Ethiopia’s Tigray: UNHCR

© UNHCR/Hazim ElhagEthiopian refugees fleeing clashes in the country’s northern Tigray region, rest and cook meals near UNHCR’s Hamdayet reception centre after crossing into Sudan.Peace and Security

A “full-scale humanitarian crisis” is unfolding as thousands of refugees flee ongoing fighting in Ethiopia’s Tigray region each day to seek safety in eastern Sudan, the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) reported on Tuesday. 

More than 27,000 have now crossed into Sudan through crossing points in Kassala and Gedaref states, as well as a new location further south at Aderafi, where Ethiopian refugees started crossing over the weekend, according to UNHCR

UN releases $100 million to guard against famineThe United Nations released $100 million of emergency funding on Tuesday to stave off the risk of famine in seven countries most at risk from a hunger epidemic fueled by conflict, economic decline, climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic.Humanitarian Aid©

UNHCR/Hazim Elhag‘Full scale’ humanitarian crisis unfolding in Ethiopia’s Tigray: UNHCRA “full-scale humanitarian crisis” is unfolding as thousands of refugees flee ongoing fighting in Ethiopia’s Tigray region each day to seek safety in eastern Sudan, the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) reported on Tuesday. Peace and Security

United Nations/Daniel GetachewPersons living with disabilities ‘have very special abilities’, UN deputy chief tells young Ghanaians  During her visit to Ghana on Monday, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed met with young people living with HIV and disabilities in the capital, Accra.Economic Development

United Nations/Chetan SoniPut digital technology to work ‘for those who need it most’: UN Secretary-GeneralWhile the COVID-19 pandemic has shown the importance of digital technologies and the benefits of connectivity, it has also exacerbated inequalities, including basic online access, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said on Tuesday in a video message to the closing session of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF). Culture and Education©

UNICEF/Antoine RaabUN-backed fund to address crisis in global sanitation and hygieneA UN-backed fund, launched on Tuesday, is set to take on the centuries-old crisis centred around sanitation, hygiene and menstrual health, which now impacts more than four billion people across the world. Health©

UNICEF/Laurent RusanganwaWHO rolls out plan to rid world of cervical cancer, saving millions of livesThe World Health Organization (WHO) set out a strategy on Tuesday for eliminating cervical cancer, which would avoid the death of an estimated five million women and girls from the disease, by 2050.Health©

WFP/PhotolibraryUN warns of catastrophe as second hurricane in two weeks hits Central America  The United Nations warned on Tuesday of catastrophic consequences from Hurricane Iota, the second major tropical cyclone to hit Central America this month.   Climate Change©

Soufian Abdul-Mouty/UNFPA SudNew partnership to boost maternal and newborn health in East and Southern AfricaSome 10,000 health workers will be trained to support mothers and newborns in Africa through a partnership between the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF, and Laerdal Global Health, the non-profit arm of a Norwegian company that provides innovative training, educational and therapy solutions for emergency medical care and patient safety.Health

MINUSMA/Harandane DickoCommitment ‘crucial’ to strengthen Security Council, says UN Assembly PresidentHighlighting the importance of the UN Security Council to address peace and security challenges in an increasingly complex world, the President of the General Assembly has called on ambassadors to drive through “true reforms”, to make the body more effective. Peace and Security
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/18 –

Utah Man and His Company Indicted for Wildlife Trafficking11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Utah man and his company were charged in an indictment today with violating the Endangered Species Act and Lacey Act for their role in illegal wildlife trafficking, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Jonathan D. Brightbill of the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division and U.S. Attorney John W. Huber of the District of Utah.

Texas Physician Sentenced for Multi-Million Medicare Fraud Scheme11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Texas physician was sentenced to five years in prison today for her role in a multi-million Medicare fraud scheme.

President of Commercial Flooring Company Pleads Guilty to Rigging Bids in Violation of Federal Antitrust Laws11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
Delmar E. Church Jr., the president and one of the principal owners of a Chicago-area commercial flooring company, pleaded guilty for his role in a conspiracy to rig bids and fix prices for commercial flooring services and products sold in the United States, the Department of Justice announced. The defendant is cooperating with the department’s ongoing investigation.

Colorado Man Convicted of Production, Transportation, and Possession of Child Pornography11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
An Englewood, Colorado, resident was convicted today after a three-day jury trial on six child exploitation offenses, announced Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. Rabbitt of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division and U.S. Attorney Gregg Sofer of the Western District of Texas.

North Carolina Return Preparer Indicted for Tax Fraud Scheme11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
A federal grand jury sitting in Greenville, North Carolina, returned an indictment charging a North Carolina tax preparer with conspiracy to defraud the United States and with preparing false returns for clients, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division and U.S. Attorney Robert J. Higdon, Jr. for the Eastern District of North Carolina.

Four Members of Los Angeles-Based Fraud Ring Indicted for COVID-Relief Fraud11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
Four individuals were charged in an indictment for their alleged participation in a scheme to submit at least 35 fraudulent loan applications seeking over $5.6 million in COVID-19 relief guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA) through the Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) and the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act.

Former Army Green Beret Pleads Guilty to Russian Espionage Conspiracy11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
 A former Army Green Beret pleaded guilty today to conspiring with Russian intelligence operatives to provide them with United States national defense information.

Former Raytheon Engineer Sentenced for Exporting Sensitive Military Related Technology to China11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
Today, Wei Sun, 49, a Chinese national and naturalized citizen of the United States, was sentenced to 38 months in prison by District Court Judge Rosemary Marquez. Sun previously pleaded guilty to one felony count of violating the Arms Export Control Act (AECA).

Justice Department Signs Antitrust Memorandum of Understanding with Korean Prosecution Service11/18/2020 12:00 AM EST
Yesterday, the Department of Justice signed an antitrust Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Korean Prosecution Service (KPS). The MOU is designed to promote increased cooperation and communication on criminal antitrust enforcement and policy in both countries.

Assistant Attorney General Makan Delrahim Delivers Remarks at Virtual MOU Signing Ceremony with Korean Prosecution Service11/17/2020 12:00 AM EST
It is with great pleasure that I sign this Memorandum of Understanding on behalf of the Department of Justice alongside my good friend, Prosecutor General Yoon. Enhancing the ties between our agencies has been an important priority for me during my tenure as Assistant Attorney General of the Antitrust Division. While only a few years ago we knew comparatively little about one another, our relationship has quickly blossomed into a strong and enduring friendship. I am extremely pleased that we have succeeded in developing important and lasting ties between our agencies, as underscored by our signing of this Memorandum of Understanding today.

Aircraft from the Nimitz Carrier Strike Force and a B-52 bomber from Barksdale Air Force Base conduct integrated joint air operations. (Cmdr. Joseph Stephens/U.S. Navy)

Here are the new grades for America’s military ― and the threats against it

President Trump will leave office with a marginally stronger military than when he entered, but he is also leaving President-elect Biden with a set of more potent threats.

By: Joe Gould

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Acting defense secretary assures end of ‘generational’ Mideast wars in announcement of partial drawdown
(Military Times) Acting Defense Secretary Chris Miller announced on Tuesday that the U.S. will draw down its troop levels to 2,500 in both Iraq and Afghanistan in the new year, confirming rumors that have circulated in the week since President Donald Trump fired former Defense Secretary Mark Esper.
  2. Formal NDAA talks to begin under shadow of Confederate renaming issue
(Defense News) U.S. House and Senate conferees will meet Wednesday to wrangle over the massive 2021 defense authorization bill, but they still face potentially bill-derailing fights over whether to keep plans requiring the retitling of Confederate-named bases and regarding an Afghanistan drawdown.
  3. Biden’s pick for VA secretary may be a post-9/11 veteran
(Military Times) After nearly two decades of overseas deployments and combat for U.S. service members, the Department of Veterans Affairs could be poised to get its first leader with experience serving overseas in the recent wars.
  4. Pentagon plan calls for pulling all troops from Somalia
(Stars & Stripes) A White House plan to reduce the number of U.S. forces in conflict areas includes removing more than 700 troops based in Somalia, where the military in recent years has expanded operations against al-Qaida-linked fighters, news reports say.
  5. Arlington National Cemetery canceled an event over virus concerns. Trump overrode them, he said.
(Washington Post) On Monday, after evaluating plans to hold a large annual event in the midst of an escalating pandemic, Arlington National Cemetery canceled the event planned next month, saying it could not mitigate the risk to thousands of visitors and cemetery staff.


Hear Audio From NASA’s Perseverance As It Travels Through Deep Space

In this annotated illustration, the location of the Perseverance rover's entry, descent, and landing microphone is shown
In this annotated illustration, the location of the Perseverance rover’s entry, descent, and landing microphone is shown. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
› Larger view

The first to be rigged with microphones, the agency’s latest Mars rover picked up the subtle sounds of its own inner workings during interplanetary flight.

A microphone aboard NASA’s Mars 2020 Perseverance rover has recorded the sounds of the spacecraft as it hurtles through interplanetary space. While another mic aboard the rover is intended specifically to listen for the laser zaps of the SuperCam instrument, this one is devoted to capturing some or all of the entry, descent, and landing (EDL) sequence – from the firing of the mortar that releases the parachute to the Mars landing engines kicking in to the rover wheels crunching down onto the surface.

Data for the 60-second audio file was collected on Oct. 19 during an in-flight checkout of the camera and microphone system that will pick up some of the landing drama at Mars’ Jezero Crater early next year.

You can listen to the sound file here:

NASA · Perseverance Rover’s Interplanetary Sounds


16-Year-Old Cosmic Mystery Solved, Revealing Stellar Missing Link

The Blue Ring Nebula consists of two expanding cones of gas ejected into space by a stellar merger. Invisible to the human eye, it is shown here as blue
The Blue Ring Nebula consists of two expanding cones of gas ejected into space by a stellar merger. As the gas cools, it forms hydrogen molecules that collide with particles in interstellar space, causing them to radiate far-ultraviolet light. Invisible to the human eye, it is shown here as blue. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/M. Seibert (Carnegie Institution for Science)/K. Hoadley (Caltech)/GALEX Team
› Larger view

The Blue Ring Nebula, which perplexed scientists for over a decade, appears to be the youngest known example of two stars merged into one.

In 2004, scientists with NASA’s space-based Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) spotted an object unlike any they’d seen before in our Milky Way galaxy: a large, faint blob of gas with a star at its center. In the GALEX images, the blob appeared blue – though it doesn’t actually emit light visible to the human eye – and subsequent observations revealed a thick ring structure within it. So the team nicknamed it the Blue Ring Nebula. Over the next 16 years, they studied it with multiple Earth- and space-based telescopes, but the more they learned, the more mysterious it seemed.

A new study published online on Nov. 18 in the journal Nature may have cracked the case. By applying cutting-edge theoretical models to the slew of data that has been collected on this object, the authors posit the nebula – a cloud of gas in space – is likely composed of debris from two stars that collided and merged into a single star.


 You’re receiving this email because we’re updating the YouTube Terms of Service (“Terms”) to clarify our terms and provide transparency to our users. These changes shouldn’t significantly alter your access or use of the YouTube service. A summary of the changes:Facial recognition restrictions: The Terms of Service already state that you cannot collect any information that might identify a person without their permission. While this has always included facial recognition information, the new Terms make that explicitly clear.YouTube’s right to monetize: YouTube has the right to monetize all content on the platform and ads may appear on videos from channels not in the YouTube Partner Program.Royalty payments and tax withholding: For creators entitled to revenue payments, such payments will be treated as royalties from a U.S. tax perspective and Google will withhold taxes where required by law. Please make sure you read the updated Terms carefully. The new Terms will take effect on 18 November, 2020 for users in the U.S., and similar changes to our Terms of Service will be made outside the U.S. in 2021. By continuing to use YouTube after this date, you are agreeing to the new Terms. If you would like more information, visit our Help Center. Please note, if you allow your child to use YouTube Kids, then you are agreeing to the new Terms on behalf of your child as well.   You received this mandatory email service announcement to update you about important changes to the YouTube Terms.  © 2020 Google LLC d/b/a YouTube, 901 Cherry Ave, San Bruno, CA 94066


What’s in these terms?

This index is designed to help you understand some of the key updates we’ve made to our Terms of Service (Terms). We hope this serves as a useful guide, but please ensure you read the Terms in full.

Welcome to YouTube!

This section outlines our relationship with you. It includes a description of the Service, defines our Agreement, and names your service provider.

Who May Use the Service?

This section sets out certain requirements for use of the Service, and defines categories of users.

Your Use of the Service

This section explains your rights to use the Service, and the conditions that apply to your use of the Service. It also explains how we may make changes to the Service.

Your Content and Conduct

This section applies to users who provide Content to the Service. It defines the scope of the permissions that you grant by uploading your Content, and includes your agreement not to upload anything that infringes on anyone else’s rights. 

Account Suspension and Termination

This section explains how you and YouTube may terminate this relationship.

About Software in the Service

This section includes details about software on the Service.

Other Legal Terms

This section includes our service commitment to you. It also explains that there are some things we will not be responsible for.

About this Agreement

This section includes some further important details about our contract, including what to expect if we need to make changes to these Terms; or which law applies to them.

Terms of Service

Dated: November 18, 2020

Welcome to YouTube!

Thank you for using the YouTube platform and the products, services and features we make available to you as part of the platform (collectively, the “Service”).  

Our Service

The Service allows you to discover, watch and share videos and other content, provides a forum for people to connect, inform, and inspire others across the globe, and acts as a distribution platform for original content creators and advertisers large and small. We provide lots of information about our products and how to use them in our Help Center. Among other things, you can find out about YouTube Kids, the YouTube Partner Program and YouTube Paid Memberships and Purchases (where available).You can also read all about enjoying content on other devices like your television, your games console, or Google Home.

Your Service Provider

The entity providing the Service is Google LLC, a company operating under the laws of Delaware, located at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043 (referred to as “YouTube”, “we”, “us”, or “our”). References to YouTube’s “Affiliates” in these terms means the other companies within the Alphabet Inc. corporate group (now or in the future).

Applicable Terms
Your use of the Service is subject to these terms, the YouTube Community Guidelines and the Policy, Safety and Copyright Policies which may be updated from time to time (together, this “Agreement”). Your Agreement with us will also include the Advertising on YouTube Policies if you provide advertising or sponsorships to the Service or incorporate paid promotions in your content. Any other links or references provided in these terms are for informational use only and are not part of the Agreement.

Please read this Agreement carefully and make sure you understand it. If you do not understand the Agreement, or do not accept any part of it, then you may not use the Service.

Who may use the Service?

Age Requirements
You must be at least 13 years old to use the Service. However, children of all ages may use YouTube Kids (where available) if enabled by a parent or legal guardian.

Permission by Parent or Guardian

If you are under 18, you represent that you have your parent or guardian’s permission to use the Service. Please have them read this Agreement with you.

If you are a parent or legal guardian of a user under the age of 18, by allowing your child to use the Service, you are subject to the terms of this Agreement and responsible for your child’s activity on the Service. You can find tools and resources to help you manage your family’s experience on YouTube in our Help Center and through Google’s Family Link.

If you are using the Service on behalf of a company or organisation, you represent that you have authority to act on behalf of that entity, and that such entity accepts this Agreement.

Your Use of the Service

Content on the Service
The content on the Service includes videos, audio (for example music and other sounds), graphics, photos, text (such as comments and scripts), branding (including trade names, trademarks, service marks, or logos), interactive features, software, metrics, and other materials whether provided by you, YouTube or a third-party (collectively, “Content”).

Content is the responsibility of the person or entity that provides it to the Service. YouTube is under no obligation to host or serve Content. If you see any Content you believe does not comply with this Agreement, including by violating the Community Guidelines or the law, you can report it to us.

Google Accounts and YouTube Channels
You can use parts of the Service, such as browsing and searching for Content, without having a Google account. However, you do need a Google account to use some features. With a Google account, you may be able to like videos, subscribe to channels, create your own YouTube channel, and more. You can follow these instructions to create a Google account.

Creating a YouTube channel will give you access to additional features and functions, such as uploading videos, making comments or creating playlists (where available). Here are some details about how to create your own YouTube channel.

To protect your Google account, keep your password confidential. You should not reuse your Google account password on third-party applications. Learn more about keeping your Google account secure, including what to do if you learn of any unauthorized use of your password or Google account.

Your Information
Our Privacy Policy explains how we treat your personal data and protect your privacy when you use the Service. The YouTube Kids Privacy Notice provides additional information about our privacy practices that are specific to YouTube Kids.

We will process any audio or audiovisual content uploaded by you to the Service in accordance with the YouTube Data Processing Terms, except in cases where you uploaded such content for personal purposes or household activities. Learn More.

Permissions and Restrictions
You may access and use the Service as made available to you, as long as you comply with this Agreement and applicable law. You may view or listen to Content for your personal, non-commercial use. You may also show YouTube videos through the embeddable YouTube player.

The following restrictions apply to your use of the Service. You are not allowed to:

  1. access, reproduce, download, distribute, transmit, broadcast, display, sell, license, alter, modify or otherwise use any part of the Service or any Content except: (a) as expressly authorized by the Service; or (b) with prior written permission from YouTube and, if applicable, the respective rights holders;
  2. circumvent, disable, fraudulently engage with, or otherwise interfere with any part of the Service (or attempt to do any of these things), including security-related features or features that (a) prevent or restrict the copying or other use of Content or (b) limit the use of the Service or Content;
  3. access the Service using any automated means (such as robots, botnets or scrapers) except (a) in the case of public search engines, in accordance with YouTube’s robots.txt file; or (b) with YouTube’s prior written permission; 
  4. collect or harvest any information that might identify a person (for example, usernames or faces), unless permitted by that person or allowed under section (3) above;
  5. use the Service to distribute unsolicited promotional or commercial content or other unwanted or mass solicitations;
  6. cause or encourage any inaccurate measurements of genuine user engagement with the Service, including by paying people or providing them with incentives to increase a video’s views, likes, or dislikes, or to increase a channel’s subscribers, or otherwise manipulate metrics in any manner;
  7. misuse any reporting, flagging, complaint, dispute, or appeals process, including by making groundless, vexatious, or frivolous submissions;
  8. run contests on or through the Service that do not comply with YouTube’s contest policies and guidelines;
  9. use the Service to view or listen to Content other than for personal, non-commercial use (for example, you may not publicly screen videos or stream music from the Service); or
  10. use the Service to (a) sell any advertising, sponsorships, or promotions placed on, around, or within the Service or Content, other than those allowed in the Advertising on YouTube policies (such as compliant product placements); or (b) sell advertising, sponsorships, or promotions on any page of any website or application that only contains Content from the Service or where Content from the Service is the primary basis for such sales (for example, selling ads on a webpage where YouTube videos are the main draw for users visiting the webpage).


Using the Service does not give you ownership of or rights to any aspect of the Service, including user names or any other Content posted by others or YouTube.

Changes to the Service

YouTube is constantly changing and improving the Service. We may also need to alter or discontinue the Service, or any part of it, in order to make performance or security improvements, change functionality and features, make changes to comply with law, or prevent illegal activities on or abuse of our systems. These changes may affect all users, some users or even an individual user. Whenever reasonably possible, we will provide notice when we discontinue or make material changes to our Service that will have an adverse impact on the use of our Service. However, you understand and agree that there will be times when we make such changes without notice, such as where we feel we need to take action to improve the security and operability of our Service, prevent abuse, or comply with legal requirements. 

Your Content and Conduct

Uploading Content

If you have a YouTube channel, you may be able to upload Content to the Service. You may use your Content to promote your business or artistic enterprise. If you choose to upload Content, you must not submit to the Service any Content that does not comply with this Agreement (including the YouTube Community Guidelines) or the law. For example, the Content you submit must not include third-party intellectual property (such as copyrighted material) unless you have permission from that party or are otherwise legally entitled to do so. You are legally responsible for the Content you submit to the Service. We may use automated systems that analyze your Content to help detect infringement and abuse, such as spam, malware, and illegal content.

Rights you Grant

You retain ownership rights in your Content. However, we do require you to grant certain rights to YouTube and other users of the Service, as described below.

License to YouTube

By providing Content to the Service, you grant to YouTube a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free, sublicensable and transferable license to use that Content (including to reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works, display and perform it) in connection with the Service and YouTube’s (and its successors’ and Affiliates’) business, including for the purpose of promoting and redistributing part or all of the Service.

License to Other Users

You also grant each other user of the Service a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free license to access your Content through the Service, and to use that Content, including to reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works, display, and perform it, only as enabled by a feature of the Service (such as video playback or embeds). For clarity, this license does not grant any rights or permissions for a user to make use of your Content independent of the Service.

Duration of License

The licenses granted by you continue for a commercially reasonable period of time after you remove or delete your Content from the Service. You understand and agree, however, that YouTube may retain, but not display, distribute, or perform, server copies of your videos that have been removed or deleted. 

Right to Monetize

You grant to YouTube the right to monetize your Content on the Service (and such monetization may include displaying ads on or within Content or charging users a fee for access). This Agreement does not entitle you to any payments. Starting November 18, 2020, any payments you may be entitled to receive from YouTube under any other agreement between you and YouTube (including for example payments under the YouTube Partner Program, Channel memberships or Super Chat) will be treated as royalties.  If required by law, Google will withhold taxes from such payments.

Removing Your Content

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Removal of Content By YouTube

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UN News


Extortion, bio-warfare and terrorism: Extremists are exploiting the pandemic, says UN report

Unsplash/Markus SpiskeThe COVID-19 pandemic is being exploited by criminals and violent extremists to build their support and undermine trust in governments.    18 November 2020Law and Crime Prevention

Criminals and violent extremists are exploiting the pandemic to build their support networks, undermine trust in government and even weaponize the virus, according to a research report published on Wednesday by the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI). 

“Terrorist, violent extremist and organized criminal groups are trying to take advantage of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic to expand their activities and jeopardize the efficacy and credibility of response measures by governments”, UNICRI Director Antonia Marie De Meo wrote in the introduction to the report, entitled “Stop the virus of disinformation”.

Social media incitement

“It is also alarming that some terrorist and violent extremist groups have attempted to misuse social media to incite potential terrorists to intentionally spread COVID-19 and to use it as an improvised form of a biological weapon”, Ms. De Meo wrote.

Latest Ebola outbreak in DR Congo is declared over, with lessons for COVID-19  An outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus disease in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is over, the government announced on Wednesday, after a five-month response supported by the UN’s World Health Organization (WHO), and other partners.Health©

UNHCR/Ariane MaxiandeauUN officials assess needs at camps for refugees from Ethiopia’s Tigray regionSenior UN officials have conducted a two-day mission to southeastern Sudan, where some 30,000 Ethiopians have found refuge after fleeing ongoing fighting between national and regional forces in Tigray province, the world body reported on Wednesday. Humanitarian Aid

UNDPEnvoy welcomes restart of Israeli-Palestinian coordination amid COVID-19 riseWith COVID-19 cases on the rise in the Middle East following weeks of decline, the top UN official in the region has welcomed the Palestinian Authority’s decision to resume coordination with Israel. Peace and Security

WHO/S. RamoSilent Pandemic: Overuse renders antimicrobials less effective – UN agriculture agencyPeople, plants and animals around the world are dying from untreatable infections – even with the best medicines available – due to a rise in antimicrobial resistance, the UN food agriculture agency said on Wednesday, kicking off World Antimicrobial Awareness WeekHealth

Unsplash/Markus SpiskeExtortion, bio-warfare and terrorism: Extremists are exploiting the pandemic, says UN reportCriminals and violent extremists are exploiting the pandemic to build their support networks, undermine trust in government and even weaponize the virus, according to a research report published on Wednesday by the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI). Law and Crime Prevention

UN Photo/Isaac BillyViolence, insecurity continues to plague South Sudan communitiesOver 1,000 people have been killed and more than 400 abducted in the past six months in intercommunal violence in South Sudan, amid fears that tensions may worsen with the onset of the dry season, the UN envoy for the country has said. Peace and Security

Scott Kelly/NASABacked by space technology, Asia-Pacific countries power sustainable developmentAsian and Pacific nations are increasingly leveraging space technology and geospatial information to respond to challenges on the ground, including in their efforts to contain the spread and mitigate the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, according to a new United Nations report. SDGs
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/19 –

Orlando Cordia Hall Executed for 1994 Kidnapping and Murder of 16-Year-Old Girl11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST

Seven MS-13 Gang Members Indicted in Violent Crime and Drug Distribution Conspiracy11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST
A federal grand jury in Nashville, Tennessee, returned a 16-count superseding indictment Wednesday, charging seven MS-13 gang members with conspiracy to distribute cocaine and marijuana and serious firearm-related offenses, announced Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. Rabbitt of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division and U.S. Attorney Don Cochran for the Middle District of Tennessee

Justice Department Files Complaint against Jeffrey Lowe and Tiger King LLC for Violations of the Endangered Species Act and the Animal Welfare Act11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST
Today, the Department of Justice filed a civil complaint against Jeffrey and Lauren Lowe, Greater Wynnewood Exotic Animal Park LLC, and Tiger King LLC, to address recurring inhumane treatment and improper handling of animals protected by the Endangered Species Act

Removal Order Upheld Against Tennessee Man Who Served as Nazi Concentration Camp Guard During WWII11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) has dismissed the appeal of Tennessee resident Friedrich Karl Berger, a German citizen who was ordered removed from the United States earlier this year on the basis of his service in Nazi Germany in 1945 as an armed guard of concentration camp prisoners in the Neuengamme Concentration Camp system (Neuengamme).

The Department of Justice Files Brief Defending the Constitutionality of Idaho’s Fairness in Women’s Sports Act11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST

Employee of Government Contractor Pleads Guilty to Fraud and Kickback Charges11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST
An employee of a government contractor pleaded guilty today to his involvement in a scheme to overbill a contract administered by the General Services Administration (GSA) by approximately $1.25 million, and solicit and receive kickbacks from a subcontractor in exchange for providing that subcontractor valuable contract modifications.

Justice Department Reaches Landmark Agreement with Massachusetts Department of Children and Family to Address Discrimination Against Parents with Disabilities11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Departments of Justice and Health and Human Services (HHS) announced today that they reached a landmark agreement with the Massachusetts Department of Children and Families (DCF).  

Justice Department Files Antitrust Case and Simultaneous Settlement Requiring National Association of Realtors® To Repeal and Modify Certain Anticompetitive Rules11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Department of Justice today filed a civil lawsuit against the National Association of REALTORS® (NAR) alleging that NAR established and enforced illegal restraints on the ways that REALTORS® compete.

American Contractor Sentenced to Prison for Theft of Government Equipment on U.S. Military Base in Afghanistan11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST
An American military contractor was sentenced today to more than three years in prison for his role in a theft ring on a military installation in Kandahar, Afghanistan.

Final Defendant Sentenced to More than 17 Years in MS-13 Case11/19/2020 12:00 AM EST
An MS-13 gang member was sentenced Tuesday to more than 17 years in federal prison for his role in a brutal machete attack at an apartment complex in Dallas, Texas.

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, right, and fellow leader under a recently signed power-sharing agreement Abdullah Abdullah, center, hold a meeting with U.S. peace envoy Zalmay Khalilzad on May 20, 2020, aimed at resuscitating a U.S.-Taliban peace deal signed in February. (The Presidential Palace via AP)

Key lawmaker hunts paper trail of Pentagon and State Department resistance to Afghanistan troop cuts

A Democratic-led oversight panel is asking the Trump administration for all documents relevant to the Afghanistan withdrawal decision.

By: Joe Gould

Top GOP post on House Armed Services Committee draws tough competition

Spc. Francisco Matos checks servers on the Network Operations Security Center installed on a Unit Hub SATCOM truck in preparation for testing the Mission Command Augmentation Support system developed by the 3rd BCT. The system provides connectivity to support network operations regardless of the location or condition of the BCT’s tactical operations center. (Staff Sgt. Cody Harding/U.S. Army)

US Army releases solicitation for encryption device

The multiple award contract is worth up to $850 million.

By: Andrew Eversden

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Pentagon shakeup means more civilian oversight for special operations
(Military Times) More than three years after Congress mandated that the Defense Department elevate its civilian head of special operations to the same level as a military service secretary, that order has finally been carried out.
  2. Confederate base names, and Trump’s veto threat, the only roadblock for $740 billion defense bill
(Washington Post) Congressional negotiations on a bill to authorize more than $740 billion in defense spending hinge on only one point of contention: whether lawmakers will order the Pentagon to rename bases that commemorate Confederate generals.
  3. US military reports record number of coronavirus cases
(CNN) The US military reported a record high number of coronavirus cases on Tuesday with 1,314 new cases, according to Defense Department statistics.
  4. Top GOP post on House Armed Services Committee draws tough competition
(Defense News) The decision on who will replace Rep. Mac Thornberry as the top Republican on the House Armed Services Committee will be resolved in a few weeks, but the campaign for his seat has been underway for years.
  5. Lawmakers introduce resolutions to block Trump’s F-35 sale to UAE
(Defense News) A bipartisan group of lawmakers introduced new legislation Wednesday that would halt the Trump administration’s push to circumvent Congress and expedite a $23 billion sale of F-35 fighter jets, Reaper drones and munitions to the United Arab Emirates.


is an act of coercion using the threat of revealing or publicizing either substantially true or false information about a person or people unless certain demands are met. It is often damaging information, and may be revealed to family members or associates rather than to the general public. It may involve using threats of physical, mental or emotional harm, or of criminal prosecution, against the victim or someone close to the victim. It is normally carried out for personal gain, most commonly of position, money, or property.

Blackmail may also be considered a form of extortion. Although the two are generally synonymous, extortion is the taking of personal property by threat of future harm. Blackmail is the use of threat to prevent another from engaging in a lawful occupation and writing libelous letters or letters that provoke a breach of the peace, as well as use of intimidation for purposes of collecting an unpaid debt.

In many jurisdictions, blackmail is a statutory offense, often criminal, carrying punitive sanctions for convicted perpetrators. Blackmail is the name of a statutory offense in the United States, England and Wales, and Australia, and has been used as a convenient way of referring to certain other offenses, but was not a term used in English law until 1968.

Blackmail was originally a term from the Scottish Borders meaning payments rendered in exchange for protection from thieves and marauders. The “mail” part of blackmail derives from Middle English male meaning “rent or tribute”. This tribute (male or reditus) was paid in goods or labour (“nigri”); hence reditus nigri, or “blackmail”. Alternatively, it may be derived from two Scottish Gaelic words blathaich – to protect; and mal – tribute or payment.


The word blackmail is variously derived from the word for tribute (in modern terms, protection racket) paid by English and Scottish border dwellers to Border Reivers in return for immunity from raids and other harassment. The “mail” part of blackmail derives from Middle English male, “rent, tribute”. This tribute was paid in goods or labour (reditus nigri, or “blackmail”); the opposite is blanche firmes or reditus albi, or “white rent” (denoting payment by silver). An alternative version is that rents in the Scottish Borders were often paid in produce of the land, called “greenmail” (‘green rent’), suggesting “blackmail” as a counterpart paid perforce to the reivers. Alternatively, Mackay derives it from two Scottish Gaelic words blathaich pronounced (the th silent) bla-ich (to protect) and mal (tribute, payment), cf. buttock mail. He notes that the practice was common in the Scottish Highlands as well as the Borders. In the Irish language, the term cíos dubh, meaning “black-rent”, has also been employed.

Laws by country



The offence of blackmail is created by section 87 of the Crimes Act 1958.

Sections 87(1) and (2) are derived from and identical to sections 21(1) and (2) of the Theft Act 1968 printed above.

Section 87(3) provides that a person guilty of blackmail is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to level 4 imprisonment (15 years maximum).

South Australia

The offence of blackmail is created by Part 6B Section 172 of the Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935.

Section 172 provides that a person who menaces another intending to get the other to submit to a demand is guilty of blackmail, and may be subject to imprisonment (a maximum of 15 years for a basic offence or a maximum of 20 years for an aggravated offence).

Republic of Ireland

The offence created by section 17(1) of the Criminal Justice (Public Order) Act, 1994 is described by the marginal note to that section as “blackmail, extortion and demanding money with menaces”. The offence is derived from the offence under section 21 of the Theft Act 1968.

United Kingdom

England and Wales

In England and Wales this offence is created by section 21(1) of the Theft Act 1968. Sections 21(1) and (2) of that Act provide:

(1) A person is guilty of blackmail if, with a view to gain for himself or another or with intent to cause loss to another, he makes any unwarranted demand with menaces; and for this purpose, a demand with menaces is unwarranted unless the person making it does so in the belief:(a) that he has reasonable grounds for making the demand; and(b) that the use of the menaces is a proper means of reinforcing the demand.

(2) The nature of the act or omission demanded is immaterial, and it is also immaterial whether the menaces relate to action to be taken by the person making the demand.


The Theft Act 1968 section 21 contains the present-day definition of blackmail in English law. It requires four elements:

  1. There must be a “demand”.
  2. The demand must also have been accompanied or reinforced (at the time or later) by a “menace”. Broadly, a menace is any threat, or implied consequence or action, which would coerce or pressure an unwilling person to accede (give in) to the demand.
  3. The making of a “demand with menace(s)” must have been “unwarranted”. Broadly, a demand with menace is always unwarranted unless both the making of the demand was reasonably justified, and its reinforcement with the “menace” was proper, in the belief of the perpetrator.
  4. There must have been an intention by the perpetrator to make a gain for himself/herself or someone else, or to cause a loss to someone.

Therefore, the requirement for this offence may be paraphrased as:

  1. A person makes a demand of someone else, which is accompanied or reinforced in some way by some consequence if they don’t comply, which would coerce an unwilling victim to do what is demanded,
  2. The intent is to make a gain (for themselves or anyone else) or cause a loss (to anyone),
  3. and either
    (a) The perpetrator did truly believe that the demand was based on reasonable grounds
    (b) The perpetrator did truly believe that the menace was a proper way to reinforce the demand.
    (or both)

The law considers a “demand with menaces” to always be “unwarranted” (unjustified), unless the perpetrator actually believed that his/her demand had reasonable grounds, and also actually believed that the menace was a proper way to reinforce that demand. These tests relate to the actual belief of the perpetrator, not the belief of an ordinary or reasonable person. Therefore, tests related to what a “reasonable” person might think, and tests of dishonesty, are not often relevant – the matter hinges upon the actual and honest beliefs and knowledge of the perpetrator him/herself. The wording of the Act means that there is a presumption in law that demands and/or menaces are likely to be deemed unwarranted, unless the perpetrator shows evidence that they were believed not to be. However, once a perpetrator has defended him/herself by giving evidence related to the demand and menace both being believed warranted, the prosecution must overturn one or both of these claims to prove their case. The usual rule is that a criminal act, or a belief not truly held, can never be “warranted”, although according to some authors, a “grey area” may (rarely) exist where a very minor illegality may be honestly believed to be warranted.

Additionally, a statement that would not usually coerce or pressure someone may still be a “menace”, if the perpetrator knew, believed, or expected that their specific victim would feel coerced or pressured by it. The law does not require a demand or menace to be received by the victim, merely that they are made, therefore it is irrelevant whether the victim was affected or not, or even unaware of them (perhaps because they had not yet been received, read or listened to). Because the criteria include an intention to “cause” some kind of gain or loss, a demand for sex (for example) would not be considered blackmail, so threats with these and other demands are dealt with under a variety of other criminal laws. However even in these cases, a gain or loss of some kind can often be found, and then this law can then be applied.

In some cases, the perpetrator him/herself may claim to have acted under duress. The courts have ruled that a person who places themselves in a situation where they may be coerced to make a demand with menaces against a third party is likely, foreseeable, or probable, may not be able to rely on coercion as a defence because they voluntarily placed themselves in such a situation. This issue has arisen, for example, in gang-related violence.


The word “menaces” was adopted from sections 29(1)(i) and 30 of the Larceny Act 1916. Section 29(1)(i) made it a felony for a person to utter, knowing the contents thereof, any letter or writing demanding of any person with menaces, and without any reasonable or probable cause, any property or valuable thing. Section 30 made it an offence for a person to, with menaces or by force, demand of any person anything capable of being stolen with intent to steal the same.

Thorne v Motor Trade Association (1937) is a leading case on the meaning of the word “menaces”, decided under section 29(1)(i) of the Larceny Act 1916. The issue to be decided was whether the statement by a powerful trade association that a person found guilty of breaking their rules on price fixing would be “blacklisted“, but could avoid this fate by paying a fine, was a “menace”. It was held that the trade body had both the right to put persons on their blacklist and also the right to offer a fine as an alternative to being put on a blacklist, therefore neither of the demand or the menace were ruled to be “unwarranted”. (The Court noted that a plainly unreasonable fine could potentially be viewed as unwarranted.) In this case, Lord Wright said:

I think the word “menace” is to be liberally construed and not as limited to threats of violence but as including threats of any action detrimental to or unpleasant to the person addressed. It may also include a warning that in certain events such action is intended.

And Lord Atkin said:

The ordinary blackmailer normally threatens to do what he has a perfect right to do namely, communicate some compromising conduct to a person whose knowledge is likely to affect the person threatened. […] What he has to justify is not the threat, but the demand of money.
The gravamen of the charge is the demand without reasonable or probable cause: and I cannot think that the mere fact that the threat is to do something that a person is entitled to do either causes the threat not to be a “menace” […] or in itself provides a reasonable or probable cause for the demand.

R v Clear was decided under section 30 of the Larceny Act 1916. Sellers LJ said:

Words or conduct which would not intimidate or influence anyone to respond to the demand would not be menaces … but threats and conduct of such a nature and such an extent that the mind of an ordinary person of normal stability and courage might be influenced or made apprehensive so as to accede unwilling to the demand would be sufficient for a jury’s consideration.

and that:

There may be special circumstances unknown to the accused which would make the threats innocuous and unavailing for the accused’s demand, but such circumstances would have no bearing on the accused’s state of mind and of his intention. If an accused knew that what he threatened would have no effect on the victim it might be different.

In regard to the importance of the perpetrator’s understanding of impact, in R. v Billy Joe (William) Temple (2008), the Court of Appeal reduced the perpetrator’s original sentence because it did not take into account, among other things, the appellant’s lack of appreciation of the extreme nature of the impact of the menace to which he had been a party.

In R v Lawrence and Pomroy, the defendant argued that the direction given to the jury should have contained a definition of the word “menaces” in accordance with R v Clear. Cairn L.J. said:

The word “menaces” is an ordinary English word which any jury can be expected to understand. In exceptional cases where because of special knowledge in special circumstances what would be a menace to an ordinary person is not a menace to the person to whom it is addressed, or where the converse may be true, it is no doubt necessary to spell out the meaning of the word.

In R v Lambert (2009), it was held that:

[A] demand does not have to be made in terms of a demand or requirement or obligation. It can be couched in terms which are by no means aggressive or forceful. Indeed, the more suave and gentle the request, the more sinister in the circumstances it might be.

The word “menaces” has been held to include the following:

  • a threat to publish attacks on a company calculated to lower the value of its shares
  • a threat to reveal that the victim has not honoured a debt
  • a threat to place the victim on a trade association‘s “stop-list” – although in that specific case, the menace was found not to be “unwarranted” because it was believed – and the court agreed – that it was justified and reasonable. The court commented that if the fine had been completely unreasonable, the menace might have become unwarranted as a result.
  • a threat to refrain from giving evidence in an action
  • words such as “I’m not threatening you. I’m giving you a promise. Let’s just leave it at that”, or “I’ve not sent nobody to see you yet” 
  • a person who phoned a relative posing as a victim of false imprisonment, to say he was at risk of harm and needed money to pay off his captors and be freed. In this unusual case, although posing as the victim and not threatening harm to the relative, the statement was capable of being a menace because of its coercive nature and the pressure it would apply on the victim, it was unwarranted, and there clearly was a demand. The ruling stated that “It is how the demand and menace affects the victim that matter”.

Professor Griew said that the word “menaces” could conceivably include:

  • a threat of physical violence to the victim or another
  • a threat of prosecution
  • a threat to reveal actual criminal offending or sexual misbehaviour or to publish false allegations of the same

David Ormerod said that it extends to a threat to damage property.

It should be remembered that the offence requires either an unwarranted menace, or an unwarranted demand, or both; not all menaces nor all demands are “unwarranted”, and the belief of the perpetrator is the determining factor. If both the demand and the menace are each believed to be proper and reasonable to make, in law, then – depending upon the details of the case – the kinds of actions listed above may no longer be criminal offences. However, as stated above, a criminal demand or menace can never believed to be “warranted”, and actual knowledge of the victim and their state of mind or expected response may change a warranted matter into an unwarranted one.

Mode of trial and sentence

Blackmail is an indictable-only offence. A person convicted of blackmail is liable to imprisonment for any term not exceeding fourteen years.

In R v Hadjou (1989), Lord Lane CJ said that blackmail is one of the ugliest and most vicious crimes because it often involves what he described as “attempted murder of the soul”. He said that, perhaps because courts always impose severe sentences, one seldom finds a person convicted a second time of blackmail. He said that deterrence is perhaps the most important part of a sentence in a case of blackmail.

Related offences

Because blackmail can cover any unwarranted demand with a menace, many other offences may also be carried out as part of committing blackmail, or by the same events. For example:

  • An offence of robbery under section 8(1) of the Theft Act 1968 may be committed, if a person puts or seeks to put another person in fear of being subjected to force if their demand is not met.
  • An offence under section 4 of the Public Order Act 1986 might be committed if a person intended to cause another person to believe that immediate unlawful violence will be used against him (or someone else) or if the person threatened is likely to believe that such violence will be used.
  • An offence under section 2 of the Criminal Damage Act 1971 may be committed if there is a threat to destroy or damage property.
  • An offence under section 5 of the Criminal Law Act 1967 may be committed if a person receives consideration (broadly meaning: any gain or benefit) in exchange for agreeing not to report any “relevant” (previously: “arrestable”) offence.
Civil liability

A blackmailer who threatens to publish a defamatory statement of and concerning an individual may be liable to be sued after the regulations of the Defamation Act 2013. Offenders of defamation may be taken to court if serious harm is done to the victim. The requirement for serious harm defines:
(1) A statement is not defamatory unless its publication has caused or is likely to cause serious harm to the reputation of the claimant.
(2) For the purposes of this section, harm to the reputation of a body that trades for profit is not “serious harm” unless it has caused or is likely to cause the body serious financial loss.

The trial for the offence must be with a jury in the case of charges with cases of:
(a) fraud
(b) malicious prosecution
(c) false imprisonment

History and legal development

The terms in this law derive from the Larceny Act 1916 sections 29 – 31, which itself draws on the Libel Act 1843 and the Larceny Act 1861. For example, s.30 refers to a person who demands “with menaces or by force”. An offence also existed in common law: for example in R. v Woodward (1707) it was stated that “Every extortion is an actual trespass, and an action of trespass will lie against a man for frighting another out of his money. If a man will make use of a process of law to terrify another out of his money, it is such a trespass as an indictment will lie.” The 1805 case R v. Sodherton stated that a threat needed to be such that a “firm and prudent man” would be overcome by it, and concluded that “The law distinguishes between threats of actual violence against the person, or such other threats as a man of common firmness cannot stand against, and other sorts of threats. Money obtained in the former cases under the influence of such threats may amount to robbery, but not so in cases of threats of other kinds”.

The origin of the modern offence lay in the 1723 Black Act, which addressed a group of notorious poachers and extortioners. In 1823 an Act was passed that criminalised “demanding money or other valuable thing” (1823) where no reasonableness or menace was required, and in 1927 this was updated in a further Act to cover “any letter or writing demanding of any person, with menaces, and without reasonable or probable cause”, thus mentioning menaces for the first time in the context of blackmail. The 1827 offence was in turn replaced in 1837 by an offence concerning any person who “with menaces or by force, demand(s) any property of any person with intent to steal”. In the Larceny Act 1916 the element of “taking” included taking by intimidation based on an earlier case R v. McGrath.

Before the enactment of section 21 of the Theft Act 1968, the word blackmail was not a legal term of art. The word was used by lawyers as a convenient way of referring to the offences under section 29 to 31 of the Larceny Act 1916, and those offences were commonly known as blackmail. But the word blackmail did not appear anywhere in that Act. In early legal history, the term appears to have referred to the extorted property itself, and included by reference both the perpetrator and the victim – the legal position was that the victim was as equally culpable as the extortioner, insofar as he/she had given in to extortion and thereby made it profitable to extort.

Hogan described these offences as “an ill-assorted collection of legislative bric a brac which the draftsmen of the 1916 Act put together with scissors and paste.”

They were replaced in 1968 by section 21 of the Theft Act.

Northern Ireland

The offence of blackmail is created by section 20 of the Theft Act (Northern Ireland) 1969 of the Northern Ireland Parliament. It is derived from and identical to section 21 of the Theft Act 1968 of England and Wales.


There is no statutory offence of blackmail in Scotland. The common law offence of extortion is similar. Extortion is the offence of using the threat of harm to demand money, property or some advantage from another person. It does not matter whether the demand itself is legitimate (such as for money owed) as the offence can still be committed when illegitimate threats of harm are used.

United States

The offense of blackmail is created by 18 U.S.C. § 873 which provides:

“Whoever, under a threat of informing, or as a consideration for not informing, against any violation of any law of the United States, demands or receives any money or other valuable thing, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.”



For the offense of blackmailing in Austria the punishment is imprisonment for a time from six months up to five years according to §144 of the Austrian Criminal Code.


In the German Criminal Code, the offense of blackmail (Erpressung) is set to be punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to five years. Specific laws exist for continuous blackmail threats or offenses against constitutional organs or against personal freedom in case of abduction.


The French Penal Code considers the offense of blackmail (chantage) with a fine of up to 75 000 euros or imprisonment for 5 years in Article 312-10. Blackmailing in French law falls under the section of extortion.

Objections to criminalization

Some people consider that blackmail ought not to be considered a crime. They point out that it is legal (in the United States at this moment in time) to gossip about someone else’s secret, to threaten to publicly reveal such information, and to ask a person for money, but it is illegal to combine the threat with the request for money. They say this raises the question, “Why do two rights make a wrong?”

This observation has been rebutted by pointing out that while drinking alcohol and driving are both legal separately, their combinations are not.

Sextortion (Webcam Blackmail)

Sextortion has been linked and is popular among people who are considered to have power or a position of power (in any form) in any field such as politics, education, and the workplace. Sextortion, by definition, is a form of blackmail where power is abused and used to extort sexual favors or images from someone in exchange for something that the victim wants/needs like a job or grade. An example of this is Webcam Blackmail.

“Criminals might befriend victims online by using a fake identity and then persuade them to perform sexual acts in front of their webcam, often by using an attractive woman to entice the victim to participate. These women may have been coerced into these actions using financial incentives or threats.” As reported by the NCA (National Crime Agency), both men and women can be victims of this crime. This crime can be carried out by either crime groups or individuals.


In this day and age, communication on the internet becomes easier and easier. Dubai Police in the UAE stated that there have been 2,606 crimes that involve blackmail in the past three years. The reason it is so easy to commit these crimes online is the anonymity the internet gives. It is far easier and encouraging to commit crimes whenever personal identity is hidden. People have the opportunity to give in to temptation since they are anonymous and possibly commit criminal acts such as blackmailing. The ability to be anonymous encourages antisocial tendencies and the ability to spread fake news.

See also

In film

ghetto (Italian pronunciation: [ˈɡetto]; from Venetian ghèto, ‘foundry‘), often the ghetto, is a part of a city in which members of a minority group live, especially as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure. Ghettos are often known for being more impoverished than other areas of the city. Versions of the ghetto appear across the world, each with their own names, classifications, and groupings of people.The main square of the Venetian GhettoJewish Quarter of Caltagirone

The term has deep cultural meaning in the United States, especially in the context of segregation and civil rights; as such, it has been widely used in the country to refer to inner-city neighborhoods that are mainly African American and/or poor. It is also used in some European countries to refer to poor neighborhoods.

The term was originally used for the Venetian Ghetto in VeniceItaly, as early as 1516, to describe the part of the city where Jews were restricted to live and thus segregated from other people. However, early societies may have formed their own versions of the same structure; words resembling ghetto in meaning appear in Hebrew, Yiddish, Italian, Germanic, Old French, and Latin. During the Holocaust, more than 1,000 Nazi ghettos were established to hold Jewish populations, with the goal of exploiting and killing the Jews as part of the Final Solution.

Dear Friends and Colleagues,
Yesterday George published an op-ed with the Project Syndicate condemning Hungary and Poland’s cynical threat to veto EU recovery funds. Best regards,Michael Vachon
Europe Must Stand Up to Hungary and Poland (Excerpt)
By: George Soros
Project Syndicate
November 18, 2020

Hungary and Poland have vetoed the European Union’s proposed €1.15 trillion ($1.4 trillion) seven-year budget and the €750 billion European recovery fund. Although the two countries are the budget’s biggest beneficiaries, their governments are adamantly opposed to the rule-of-law conditionality that the EU has adopted at the behest of the European Parliament. They know that they are violating the rule of law in egregious ways, and do not want to pay the consequences.

It is not so much an abstract concept like the rule of law that Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán and, to a lesser extent, Poland’s de facto ruler, Jarosław Kaczyński, oppose. For them, the rule of law represents a practical limit on personal and political corruption. The veto is a desperate gamble by two serial violators.

To read the full essay click here.

***For more information, including essays by George Soros, please visit

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
DEC Delivers –
Information to keep you connected and informed
#AdventureAtHome: Sea Turtles of NY
Did you know that you do not need to travel to a tropical climate to see sea turtles?
A sea turtle under water that is crystal clear blue
Several species can be found as water temperatures begin to rise in late spring and early summer. During these months, the waters of New York become more suitable for sea turtles, and you can find four species of sea turtles: green, Kemp’s Ridley, leatherback and loggerhead sea turtles. They remain local to New York from approximately May through November and are particularly fond of the warmer waters in coastal bays and the Long Island Sound. By the end of November, they begin their migration south to warmer nesting waters.Sea turtles that you see on shore in New York are cold-stunned and need immediate attention. Do not touch the turtles, and call the stranding hotline at (631) 369-9829. Learn more about the New York Marine Rescue Center (NYMRC) and Atlantic Marine Conservation Society.

Learn more about NYMRC’s on Facebook Live  at 1 p.m.

For a tour of their sea turtle rehab facility, stay tuned for another Facebook Live on Tuesday, November 24 at 1 p.m.Viewing marine animals in their natural habitat can be a surreal experience, but it’s always best to view them from a safe and respectful distance for their safety and yours. Learn more about wildlife watching close to home.


What’s Causing Sea-Level Rise? Land Ice Vs. Sea Ice Students learn the difference between land ice and sea ice and make a model to see how the melting of each impacts global sea level.TAGS: Science Grades 2 – 8 Earth and Space Science


NASA’s Earth Minute This white-board animation video series explains key concepts about Earth science, missions and climate change.TAGS: Science Grades 6 – 12 Earth and Space Science


Thermal Expansion ModelStudents build a model that demonstrates an important contributor to sea-level rise – how water volume increases when the temperature of the water increases.TAGS: Science Grades 4 – 12 Physical Sciences News and Updates: November 2020



Get the latest information on the most recent updates made to the U.S. Census Bureau’s new data platform, Join us for this brief and highly focused webinar where our presenter will cover:

  1. Code releases
  2. New available data sets
  3. New features and functionality
  4. And where you can find helpful resources

2:00 – 2:30 p.m. (ET)

Dial-in: 1-888-790-3290 or 1-773-756-4800
Dial-in Participant Passcode: 6957736
WebEx Event Number (if needed): 199 553 0335
WebEx Event Password (if needed – case sensitive): @Data1WEBEX LOGIN



Your Weekly Escape
Extraordinary people, discoveries, and places in a time of turmoil
Here’s what’ll happen when plate tectonics grinds to a halt We may only have another 1.45 billion years to enjoy the dynamic action of Earth’s geologic engine. That’s well before the sun is expected to swell into a red giant and consume us in its death throes.
A ‘compelling’ clue may solve the mystery of the Lost ColonyIt’s one of America’s oldest mysteries: What happened to the 115 men, women, and children abandoned on North Carolina’s Roanoke Island in 1587? Pieces of broken pottery may finally provide an answer.
Egypt’s last pharaoh was the ‘love child’ of Caesar and CleopatraCaesarion embodied his mother’s alliance with Rome, but assassination and war would bring about his death at age 17, ending Ptolemaic rule in Egypt.
The forgotten Soviet space shuttle that could fly itselfThe Soviet shuttle bore a striking resemblance to its American counterpart for good reason: Its designers had acquired American shuttle specifications through espionage.
QUOTE: Actually, I’ve loved quite a few people, and by that I mean I really feel happy in their company. That’s pretty much it—the joy of someone’s company. That’s what I call love.

Joni Mitchell, singer and composer
From “I’m a fool for love” 
These are the dinosaurs that didn’t die More than 10,000 species still roam the Earth. We call them birds.


UN News


Future of an entire generation at risk, as COVID-19 pandemic drags on

UNICEFA seven-year-old child looks out the window in Istanbul, Turkey, during the COVID-19 emergency. Closure of schools, disruption of health services and suspension of nutrition programmes, due to the coronavirus pandemic, have affected hundreds of millions of children globally.Health

While symptoms among children infected with COVID-19 mostly remain mild, infections are rising and the longer-term impact on the education, nutrition and well-being of an entire generation of young people can be life-altering, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has warned. 

In a report, released on Thursday ahead of World Children’s DayUNICEF outlined “dire and growing” consequences for children as the coronavirus pandemic lurches towards a second year. 

“Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a persistent myth that children are barely affected by the disease. Nothing could be further from the truth,” said Henrietta Fore, UNICEF Executive Director.  

“While children can get sick and can spread the disease, this is just the tip of the pandemic iceberg. Disruptions to key services and soaring poverty rates pose the biggest threat to children. The longer the crisis persists, the deeper its impact on children’s education, health, nutrition and well-being. The future of an entire generation is at risk.” 

Averting a ‘Lost COVID Generation’ 

As of 3 November, in 87 countries with age-disaggregated data, children and adolescents under 20 years of age accounted for 1 in 9 of COVID-19 infections, or 11 per cent of infections reported by those countries, UNICEF said in its report Averting a Lost COVID Generation

While children can transmit the virus to each other and to older age groups, there is strong evidence that, with basic safety measures in place, the net benefits of keeping schools open outweigh the costs of closing them, UNICEF added, noting that schools are not a main driver of community transmission, and children are more likely to get the virus outside of school settings. 

Alarming revelations 

In addition, using data from surveys across 140 countries, the report found that COVID-related disruptions to critical health and social services for children pose the most serious threat to children, with about a third of the countries witnessing a drop of at least 10 per cent coverage for health services, including routine vaccinations and outpatient visits.  

Coverage of nutrition services for women and children, including school meals and vitamin supplementation programmes also saw sharp declines, as did home visits by social workers. 

Globally, more than 570 million students – 33 per cent of the enrolled students worldwide –were affected by country-wide school closures in 30 nations (as of November 2020). The number of children living in multidimensional poverty is estimated to have soared by 15 per cent – an additional 150 million children by mid-2020. © UNICEF/EverettAn 11-year-old child studies his Class 6 textbooks and revises the exercises at home in Nairobi, Kenya. He cannot participate in online learning as his family has no mobile phone.

‘Prioritize children’s needs’ 

Against the backdrop of the concerning revelations in the report, UNICEF called on governments and partners to take key actions to respond to the crisis.  

The UN agency called for ensuring that all children can learn, including by closing the digital divide. It also urged nations to guarantee access to nutrition, safe drinking water, as well as health, hygiene and sanitation services. Vaccines should also be made affordable and available to every child. 

Alongside, children and young people must be provided with mental health support and protected against violence and neglect, and efforts should be stepped up to  support children and their families living through conflict, disaster and displacement. 

UNICEF also underlined the need to reverse the rise in child poverty and ensure an inclusive recovery from the pandemic for all. 

“This World Children’s Day, we are asking governments, partners and the private sector to listen to children and prioritize their needs,” urged Ms. Fore. 

“As we all reimagine the future and look ahead toward a post-pandemic world, children must come first.” 

Libyans charting way to secure and prosperous future, but challenges lie aheadFollowing years of political instability and conflict, Libya is making substantial progress on the path to peace, the top UN official in the country told the Security Council on Thursday. Peace and Security©

UNHCR/Hazim ElhagHeartbreaking stories from refugees fleeing Ethiopia violenceIn a briefing to journalists on Thursday, a senior UN humanitarian official in Sudan recounted moving testimony from refugees who are crossing the border from Ethiopia in their thousands, fleeing fighting in Tigray province.Migrants and Refugees©

WHO/ NOOR/ Sebastian ListeRemdesivir no COVID-19 silver bullet, says UN health agencyAn advisory body of the UN health agency is not recommending the use of the high-profile antiviral drug Remdesivir for hospitalized COVID-19 patients, saying on Thursday there is insufficient evidence that it improves survival outcomes or cuts down on the need for patients to be put onto ventilators. Health

UN Photo/Rick BajornasUN holds dialogues to examine racism in its ranksIn an address on Thursday at an event for UN staff, Secretary-General António Guterres underscored the need to confront racism within the world body, initiating a series of discussions on the subject. UN Affairs©

UNHCR/Diego Ibarra SánchezRefugee resettlement numbers fall to lowest in two decades: UNHCR Refugee resettlement numbers will be at a “record low” this year, the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) said on Wednesday, with only  15,425 people resettled in the first nine months of 2020, compared to more than 50,000 in 2019. Migrants and Refugees

Renu KshetryIn the face of ridicule: one woman’s fight to bring sanitation to a Nepali village4.2 billion people are living without access to safely managed sanitation, putting them at increased risk of catching a host of infectious diseases, such as COVID-19, cholera, and typhoid. On this year’s World Toilet Day, which is marked on 19 November, we look at how Ratna Khawas has fought ridicule and tradition to improve hygiene in her Nepali village, with the help of the UN.Health

World Bank/Rob BeecheyDevelopment funding and trade transparency needed, to stop COVID-19 dividing the worldThe pandemic has redefined the world economy in ways that will deepen inequality and can only be reversed if a global transformation in attitudes towards trade and development allows the whole world to recover together, the UN trade body UNCTAD said, in a report published on Thursday. Economic Development

UN Photo/David MutuaClimate crisis: ‘Nowhere near the finish line’ – UN chief Pointing to its “pioneering legislation and policies”, on Thursday the UN chief hailed the 27-member European Union (EU) as a “a leader on climate action”, that had shown that it was possible to cut emissions while achieving economic growth. Climate Change

UNICEF/KanobanaEnsure safe and hygienic sanitation for all, UN urges, marking World Toilet DayThe UN is marking World Toilet Day on Thursday, in a bid to reinforce the need for equal access to sanitation for all. More than a quarter of the global population lack basic facilities, and more than three billion people live in homes without basic hand washing facilities, soap and water. Health

UNICEFFuture of an entire generation at risk, as COVID-19 pandemic drags onWhile symptoms among children infected with COVID-19 mostly remain mild, infections are rising and the longer-term impact on the education, nutrition and well-being of an entire generation of young people can be life-altering, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has warned. Health
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/20 –

Former Supervisory Corrections Officer Sentenced for Repeatedly Tasing Restrained Detainee11/20/2020 12:00 AM EST
Former supervisory corrections officer Mark Bryant, 42, was sentenced today to 5 years in prison for repeatedly tasing a restrained pretrial detainee inside the Cheatham County Jail in Tennessee. In January 2020, a jury in the Middle District of Tennessee convicted Bryant of two counts of violating Title 18, U.S. Code, Section 242, for using excessive force while acting under color of law. 

Home Health Agency and Former Owner to Pay $5.8 Million to Settle False Claims Act Allegations11/20/2020 12:00 AM EST
Doctor’s Choice Home Care, Inc. and its former owners, Timothy Beach and Stuart Christensen, have agreed to pay $5.15 million to resolve allegations that the home health agency provided improper financial inducements to referring physicians through sham medical director agreements and bonuses to physicians’ spouses who were Doctor’s Choice employees, the Department of Justice announced today. 

Federal Contractor Agrees to Pay $18.98 Million for Alleged False Claims Act Caused by Overcharges and Unqualified Labor11/20/2020 12:00 AM EST
Cognosante LLC has agreed to pay the United States $18,987,789 to resolve allegations that it violated the False Claims Act by using unqualified labor and overcharging the United States for services provided to government agencies under two General Services Administration (GSA) contracts, the Justice Department announced today.  Cognosante, which is headquartered in Falls Church, Virginia, provides health care and IT services and solutions to federal agencies. 

Montana Chiropractor and his Wife Plead Guilty to Tax Evasion11/20/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Montana chiropractor and his wife pleaded guilty today to tax evasion, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Department of Justice’s Tax Division and U.S. Attorney Kurt G. Alme for the District of Montana.

Federal Court Enjoins Tuscon Area Tax Preparer From Preparing Tax Returns11/20/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced today that a federal court in Arizona permanently enjoined a Tucson area tax return preparer from preparing federal income tax returns for others.

Executions Scheduled for Inmates Convicted of Brutal Murders Many Years Ago11/20/2020 12:00 AM EST
Attorney General William P. Barr today directed the Federal Bureau of Prisons to schedule the execution of three federal-death row inmates sentenced to death for staggeringly brutal murders, including the murder of a child and, with respect to two inmates, the murder of multiple victims.

Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. Rabbitt Delivers Remarks at Shinshu University 2nd White Collar Crime Workshop11/20/2020 12:00 AM EST
Good morning. It is my pleasure to be with you today, even if only through a video screen. Thank you very much to Shinshu University and my hosts for your kind invitation to join the list of distinguished speakers, panelists, and participants in today’s important event. It is my great privilege to be here today representing the women and men of the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, and I look forward to speaking with you about some of our important work over the past year enforcing the federal criminal laws.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Acting SecDef, service secretaries exposed to COVID-19 after top civilian tests positive
(Defense News) A top Pentagon civilian has tested positive for COVID-19 after meeting with a foreign dignitary — who may have also exposed Acting Secretary of Defense Christopher Miller, as well as the top civilians from the Air Force, Navy and Army, Defense News has learned.
  2. Here’s how bad the military’s aircraft readiness has gotten
(Air Force Times) For years, the military’s critics have raised alarms about its aircraft readiness, and whether concerning numbers of airplanes and helicopters have not been ready to fly.
  3. Here are the six locations that could host the new US Space Command
(Defense News) Six locations have survived the first round of cuts and are still in under consideration to become the new headquarters for U.S. Space Command, the Air Force announced Thursday.
  4. Top US general in the Mideast says ISIS in Iraq and Syria still long-term threat
(The Associated Press) Although the Islamic State extremist group is battered and scattered, it cannot be fully defeated until the world finds a way to reconcile and resettle the thousands of people displaced by years of war in Iraq and Syria, the general overseeing American military operations in the Mideast said Thursday.
  5. Somalis worry about potential US troop withdrawal from their fragile country
(Voice of America) Lawmakers and military officials in Somalia say the withdrawal of U.S. troops from the country would be disastrous and could embolden al-Shabab and other terrorist groups.

U.S. flag
  1.  Science Matters
Diver in Madagascar cave with fossil

Fossils from flooded caves in Madagascar offer a new perspective on the region’s history

By Laurie Godfrey

Despite their proximity to the ocean, the flooded caves of Tsimanampetsotse National Park in southwest Madagascar are filled with fresh, clear water. While exploring one of the caves, named Vintany, divers accidentally stumbled upon a treasure trove of fossils. The thousands of year-old fossils, along with stalagmites that formed before the caves had filled with water, preserved detailed chronological records of vegetation and climate change.

The divers understood the scientific importance of what they found, so they reached out to a colleague who in turn contacted researchers with knowledge of Madagascar’s history. I am a biological anthropologist and paleontologist who has spent decades exploring sites throughout the country. The teams that I have worked with have discovered new species and new skeletal elements of previously known species. We have solved mysteries regarding bones that previously had been attributed to the wrong species, and we have explored new ways to infer behavior from bones of extinct species. 

Godfrey measures fossil skull
Laurie Godfrey measures pachylemur skull recovered from Vintany. Photo Credit: Phillip Lehman

After our group of scientists had consulted with the divers, I knew that they had found a unique opportunity. No one had ever studied the fossils from the flooded caves or stalagmites from anywhere in Southern Madagascar. I was eager to see whether these fossils would help explain the timing and factors that led to the extinction of the creatures I study.

But collecting the material presented a daunting challenge. The entrance to Vintany lies at the bottom of a deep sinkhole, and few paleontologists are experts in underwater paleontology.

Mapping the caves and collecting fossils 

Supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation, we built a large, multinational, interdisciplinary team of scientists and expert cave divers to map the underwater caverns and retrieve specimens. Dr. Zachary Klukkert, a cave diver and paleontologist with experience recovering fossils from flooded caves, led the underwater excavations and survey team to explore Vintany and collect samples.

Divers descending into Vintany cave in Madagascar
Members of the dive team descend into Vintany cave. Photo Credit: Phillip Lehman

Underwater survey and cartography have changed little, technologically, since the early days of the science. Range finders and other electronic tools used to map dry caves don’t work underwater, so the dive team had to use a line and compass to map the complex topography of a space nearly the size of a football field. Another challenge was the loose sediment. While it allowed for quick excavation, it also made preserving the layers needed to help quantify fossil age extremely difficult.

It took the underwater team more than a week to collect the initial survey data to map the site and design a plan for collecting the fossils. Once that process was complete, it took only two hours to collect 500 fossils during a single expedition.

Zack Klukkert poses with crocodile remains
Zachary Klukkert with crocodile remains recovered from Vintany cave. Photo Credit: Dr. Evon Hekkala

Uncovering the history of Madagascar 

After the fossils were above ground and dry, the rest of the  team took over, applying our diverse skills to discover what the fossils and organic material could reveal about the factors that led to the disappearance of large animals, or megafauna, that roamed Madagascar thousands of years ago. The team included a biogeochemist, and a small mammal specialist. We also collaborated with paleogeneticists, bioarchaeologists and archaeologists, and with a team of paleoclimatologists, which uses stalagmites from both flooded and dry caves to study climate change.

The caves yielded more than we could have possibly imagined – including a new species of fosa, a native carnivoran related to mongooses but much bigger than their living counterparts. We also found bones of extinct horned crocodiles and hippopotamuses.

Researchers with fossils in Madagascar
Laurie Godfrey and Dr. Alfred Rosenberger examining some of the fossil specimens. Photo Credit: Laurie Godfrey

The materials helped us identify that a major drought, which lasted around 700 years, had occurred in Southwest Madagascar midway through the first millennium AD. While the drought might have impacted some species, especially water-dependent birds, many species (including some giant lemurs, hippos, and elephant birds) survived well beyond the drought. There was no evidence that the drought had triggered large-animal extinction.

We found that these large species disappeared only after humans had arrived with cattle and other domesticated animals. Though foragers and hunters had occupied the region for an extended period prior to this extinction, they did not have any major negative impacts on the native fauna. It was only when farmers and herders cleared the land for farming and grazing that the native large animal populations suffered.

Supported by grants from NSF, we are continuing our research to better understand the impact this had. Our planet is rapidly losing biodiversity today. Understanding how that biodiversity changed over the past several millennia is of vital importance if we are to preserve the species that remain.Play VideoScan of bones in situ in Vintany – tortoise and PachylemurVideo credit: Dr. Zachary Klukkert

Laurie Godfrey authored this article on behalf of the project’s other principal investigators: Dr. Stephen Burns, Dr. Brooke Crowley and Dr. Kathleen Muldoon, and principal Malagasy collaborator, Lovasoa Ranivoharimanana. Other members of the team included: Dr. George Perry, Dr. Ventura Pérez, and Dr. Kristina Douglass. Along with Klukkert, the dive team included: Phillip Lehman, Ryan Dart, Patrick Widmann, and other divers from Protec Dive Centers in Mexico. 

About the Author

Laurie Godfrey, Professor Emerita, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Image CreditPhoto credit: Barry Coleman

Soybean root

No soils, no life

Future manufacturing floor

The future of how things are made


UN News


FROM THE FIELD: From President to shepherd, the dreams of displaced children of the Sahel

One Day, I Will by Vincent Tremeau presented by UNOCHAOne day I will be a: teacher: Sakima from Niger; shepherd: Abdel, Niger; nurse: Maimouna, Central African Republic.Humanitarian Aid

Engineer, nurse, breakdancer, shepherd, human rights lawyer, journalist, musician and president are just some of the future dreams harboured by young displaced people in the Sahel region of Africa.

Children across the region have been asked what they want to be when they grow up as part of a UN photography exhibition entitled “One Day, I will” and while their hopes may match those of other young people around the world, their opportunities, after fleeing their homes, are perhaps more limited.

The UN says there are some three million refugees, internally displaced people and returnees in the Sahel of which a large proportion are under the age of 18; many are not getting a proper education.

On World Children’s Day marked annually on 20 November, see the online exhibition here which features children between the ages of 6 and 18 years old who have dressed up using the props and costumes available to them to illustrate their dream job.

UN chief to press G20 for greater solidarity and support during pandemicWhen he addresses leaders of the world’s richest countries at the G20 summit on Saturday, UN Secretary-General António Guterres will deliver a simple message on the COVID-19 pandemic: “We need solidarity and cooperation. And we need concrete action now — especially for the most vulnerable.”Economic Development

FAO/Giulio NapolitanoCOVID cases surge amid growing threat from antimicrobial resistance – WHO chief More cases of COVID-19 have been reported in the past four weeks than in the first six months of the pandemic, the UN health agency chief told journalists on Friday as he launched a new report on the threat posed by antimicrobial resistance.Health

YPN for UNOCHA‘Act urgently’ to stave off catastrophic famine in Yemen: GuterresYemen is in “imminent danger of the worst famine the world has seen for decades”, the UN chief warned in a statement released on Friday, calling for urgent action on the part of the international community to “stave off catastrophe”.Humanitarian Aid

UNICEF/DejonghThis World Children’s Day, ‘reimagine a better future’, for every childThe global community is marking World Children’s Day on Friday, calling for societies to “reimagine a better future” for every child, where each one has the opportunity to thrive. SDGs

Unsplash/Pascal BrändleUN agencies uphold human rights considerations in COVID-19 data collectionThe United Nations and 15 of its agencies have underlined their support for data collection during the COVID-19 pandemic which respects the right to privacy and promotes development. Human Rights

World Bank/John HoggGuterres pledges support for sustainable industrial development in AfricaThe COVID-19 crisis was impacting Africa “well before the pandemic spread across the continent”, the UN chief said on Friday, marking Africa Industrialization Day, arriving at a point when many economies were expanding and “poverty was in decline”.   Economic Development

One Day, I Will by Vincent Tremeau presented by UNOCHAFROM THE FIELD: From President to shepherd, the dreams of displaced children of the SahelEngineer, nurse, breakdancer, shepherd, human rights lawyer, journalist, musician and president are just some of the future dreams harboured by young displaced people in the Sahel region of Africa.Humanitarian Aid
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

This World Children’s Day, ‘reimagine a better future’, for every child

UNICEF/DejonghA girl writes on a blackboard at a school in Fada, eastern Burkina Faso, after returning to her class. Schools in the country had been closed for months due to COVID-19 mitigation measures.SDGs

The global community is marking World Children’s Day on Friday, calling for societies to “reimagine a better future” for every child, where each one has the opportunity to thrive. 

Click here to see some of the messages. 

‘Go Blue’ 

Similar to previous years, major world landmarks are “going blue” to stand for the rights of every child. This year, the representative action is not only a celebration but a resolve towards reimagining a better world for children.

11/21 –

Assistant Attorney General Makan Delrahim Issues Statement Commemorating the 75th Anniversary of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg11/21/2020 12:00 AM EST
Assistant Attorney General Makan Delrahim of the Department of Justice Antitrust Division issued the following statement on his participation in the Robert H. Jackson Center’s virtual reading of Justice Jackson’s opening statement at Nuremberg for the 75th anniversary of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg:

Share the Woods Safely this HUNTING Season

As big game season begins Nov. 21 throughout much of the southern part of NY, outdoor enthusiasts are reminded to respectfully share the woods, and follow safety precautions this fall and winter. All that are enjoying the outdoors should wear blaze orange, blaze pink, or another bright color. Doing so will allow you to be seen from greater distances. Pet owners are encouraged to dress their dogs in blaze orange or pink or another bright color vest and leash their dogs at all times.

Hikers should be aware that they may encounter hunters bearing firearms or archery equipment on trails.

Hunters should likewise recognize that they may encounter hikers and others enjoying the outdoors.

Following these simple safety tips can help ensure your experience in the outdoors is enjoyable for all.


US-European Mission Launches to Monitor the World’s Oceans

The U.S.-European Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite lifts off aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California on Nov. 21, 2020
The U.S.-European Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite lifts off aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California on Nov. 21, 2020. NASA, EUMETSAT, and NOAA are collaborating on this mission. Credit: NASA
› Larger view

Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich, the world’s latest sea level satellite, is in orbit and ready to begin taking critical ocean measurements for the next five-and-a-half years.

A joint U.S.-European satellite built to monitor global sea levels lifted off on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Space Launch Complex 4E at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California Saturday at 9:17 a.m. PST (12:17 p.m. EST).

About the size of a small pickup truck, Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich will extend a nearly 30-year continuous dataset on sea level collected by an ongoing collaboration of U.S. and European satellites while enhancing weather forecasts and providing detailed information on large-scale ocean currents to support ship navigation near coastlines…CONTINUE READING


Nigerian-British Designer Tokyo James Believes Clothing Can Help Us Find Commonality


Tokyo James spring 2021 / Photo: Courtesy of Tokyo James 

Condé Nast Spotlight

WIREDAre Covid Patients Gasping ‘It Isn’t Real’ As They Die?

An ER nurse’s anecdote of deranged denialism went viral. But when the media caught wind of the story, reporters didn’t do their jobs.

a colorful screened in porch

ARCHITECTURAL DIGESTTour a Colorful Idyll in Upstate New York Where Charm Reigns

Creative power couple Kevin Ryan and Rob Ashford fashioned a seductive hideaway deep in a former 1920s woodland resort

VOGUELisa Rinna’s Guide to Ageless Skin Care, Classic Smoky Eyes, and Her Signature Plush Lips

GQJeezy and Gucci Mane’s Beef, Explained

Here’s why the rappers coming together for a Verzuz is such a huge deal.

THE NEW YORKERRudy Giuliani Is a Hot Mess

The former New York mayor virtually broke the Internet when he held a press conference at Four Seasons Total Landscaping. His latest public outing was even more bizarre.

VANITY FAIRIvanka Trump: How DARE You Investigate My Father for Tax Fraud, Which He Definitely Didn’t Use Me to Commit

The first daughter is extremely testy about the possibility her father is going to be criminally prosecuted. 

BON APPÉTITPeanut Butter Who? In My Family, It’s All About Kitaba

Fragrant, spicy, salty, and nutty, kitaba can be eaten on its own or used as the base for soups and stews.

GLAMOURRudy Giuliani’s Hair Melted, and Twitter Is Mesmerized

If Trump’s lawyer can do his job while seeping bile, you can be less hard on yourself about how you look on Zoom! 

THEM.Pyer Moss Partnered With The Marsha P. Johnson Institute To Create An Instantly Covetable T-Shirt

The third installment of the brand’s Exist to Resist initiative, the new tee will raise funds for the vital organization in honor of International Transgender Day of Remembrance.

CONDÉ NAST TRAVELEREurope in Winter: 21 European Cities That Are Even Better in the Off-Season

Summer temps can’t compete with mulled wine and snow-dusted canal houses.

ALLURESelma Blair’s Hair Has Grown Out Into the Coolest Bowl Cut

Her chic short styles just keep on coming as she grows out her hair post-chemo.

TEEN VOGUECharli D’Amelio Loses Followers After Controversial Video Airs

The TikTok star and her sister are being called out for “rude” behavior.

SELFIs It COVID-19 or the Flu? Here’s How to Tell

And when to see a doctor.

WIREDGoogle Photos Storage Is Changing. Here Are Your Best Options

Google’s unlimited free storage is going away, but that doesn’t mean you’re stuck. Here are alternatives for fast, flexible photo storage on all of your devices.

VOGUEMiley Cyrus and Dua Lipa Transform Into Rock ’n’ Roll Vampires for “Prisoner”

ARCHITECTURAL DIGESTRobin Williams’s Former Bay Area Home Sells

The Oscar winner owned the picturesque six-bedroom house overlooking the Tiburon Bay for several years before his death in 2014

EPICURIOUS’Twas the Weekend Before Thanksgiving, and All the Cooking Was Easy

We’re also thinking it might be a good idea to eat a vegetable.

PITCHFORK6 Albums Out This Week You Should Listen to Now

Also stream new releases from Rob Mazurek & Exploding Star Orchestra, Shygirl, Badge Époque Ensemble, and Lindstrom & Prins Thomas

11/22 –


Corona Avenue School (Bell, Calif.), 1953 (detail), Julius Shulman (photographer), Richard Neutra (architect). The Getty Research Institute, 2004.R.10. © J. Paul Getty TrustREAD  Open-Air School for Healthy Children, Amsterdam. Architects: Jan Duiker and A.M. Bijvoet, built 1927–28. Collection of the Het Nieuwe Instituut, Rotterdam. Image courtesy of Wikimedia CommonsFresh air and outdoor learningIn the fall of 1935, 200 students walked into Corona Avenue Elementary in southeast Los Angeles, a new kind of school wherein glass walls slid open so teachers could move lessons out to the lawn. L.A.’s school board had commissioned the radical building, feeling it was high time that architecture caught up to progressive child psychologists’ recommendations that education “revolve around the child” and encourage critical thinking instead of rote indoctrination. Plus, public health officials had long stated that widespread illnesses thrived in urban areas where children attended school in dim, crowded conditions. (Sound familiar?)
All about the open-air school movement »
LOOK  Jitterbug (from Copacetic Suite), 2018–2019, Alison Saar. Multi-block color linocut on Japanese kozo paper. Image © Alison Saar. Courtesy of L.A. Louver, Venice, CAFeeling copacetic?In a new print suite and cookbook, artist Alison Saar captures the many moods stirred by cooking, listening to music, and even better, doing both at the same time. In the prints, music calls up ghostly figures from textured surfaces and backgrounds, creating spiritual, as well as mysterious, moments. The cookbook is illustrated with Saar’s artworks and includes selected comfort-food recipes and playlists to accompany them. “Conjurin’ in the kitchen is about the feel more than measurement,” Saar writes. “The syncopation of ingredients is essential. Improvisation strongly encouraged.”
See Copacetic Suite and Recipes for Trouble »
LEARN  Fresco with a Meal Preparation (detail), A.D. 1–79, Roman. Fresco. The J. Paul Getty MuseumWhat did ancient Romans eat?If you sat down for a meal with ancient Romans, some of the food on your plate might leave you scratching your head. Dormouse and flamingo, anyone? Other dishes might be familiar, like bread, cheese, and wine. Dietary evidence from gladiator bones, food remnants in the sewers at archaeological sites like Herculaneum, and representations of food in art provide clues to what Romans ate.
Common condiments, fast food, desserts, and more in ancient Rome »
LISTEN  Pledge of Allegiance, Raphael Weill Elementary School, San Francisco, negative April 20, 1942, Dorothea Lange. Gelatin silver print. The J. Paul Getty MuseumAn educator considers the relationship between art and social changeLooking at the 1942 Dorothea Lange photograph Pledge of Allegiance, Raphael Weill Elementary School, San Francisco, educator Alice Doo flashed back on her own California childhood. “I share the experience of all the children in this photograph who were taught to stand at attention and pledge their allegiance to flag and country without understanding that if you are Black, Indigenous, or a person of color, ‘liberty and justice for all’ has for most of history not fully represented or protected you,” says Doo.
Listen to the three-minute podcast »
Luis Alfaro’s ElectricidadAvailable on demand beginning Sunday, November 22, 5:00 p.m. P.T.Getty is proud to partner with Center Theatre Group in presenting MacArthur Fellow Luis Alfaro’s Electricidad in a reading filmed at the Kirk Douglas Theatre. Transporting Sophocles’ Electra to the Los Angeles barrios, Luis Alfaro investigates violence, loss, and redemption through the lens of this age-old tragedy. Performed in English with option for Spanish captioning.
Learn more about this free event »

Subscribe to the podcast—hear from artists, writers, curators, and scholars about their work.

Join ALL ARTS for a panel discussion with playwright Dael Orlandersmith about ‘Until the Flood’
Charlie Brown specials to air on PBS, museums face new closures and more art stories from this week

(Catch Charlie Brown on the  ALL ARTS broadcast channel Nov. 22 at 8 p.m. EST)
3 musical theater shows you can stream now to fill the Broadway gap
2020 National Book Awards wins go to Charles Yu, Malcolm X biographers
Golda Schultz sings the Gershwin classic ‘Summertime’
Fire destroys Jacob’s Pillow dance theater in early morning blaze
What’s streaming today? An ongoing list of arts and culture events to watch

11/23 –

Kansas Man Indicted with Hate Crime for Racially-Motivated Threat of a Minor and for Unlawfully Possessing a Firearm11/23/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced that a federal grand jury in Kansas City, Kansas, returned an indictment charging Colton Donner, 25, with threatening an African-American male juvenile, because of the victim’s race and because the victim was living in a home in Paola, Kansas, in violation of Title 42, U.S. Code, Section 3631.

North Carolina Man Sentenced for Violating Fair Housing Act and Threatening a Family Because of Their Race11/23/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department announced today that Douglas Matthew Gurkins, 34,was sentenced to 28 months in prison, followed by three years supervised release, for using threats of force against an African American family because of the family members’ race and because they were renting a dwelling.

Maryland Tax Preparer Indicted for Preparing False Returns11/23/2020 12:00 AM EST
A federal grand jury in Greenbelt, Maryland, returned an indictment today charging an Upper Marlboro tax return preparer with conspiracy to defraud the United States and aiding and assisting in the preparation of false tax returns, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division and U.S. Attorney for the District of Maryland Robert K. Hur.

Florida and Tennessee Pain Clinic Owner Extradited from Italy to the United States to Face RICO Charges11/23/2020 12:00 AM EST
A dual U.S.-Italian national was extradited from Italy to the United States on Nov. 20. The U.S. Marshals Service effectuated the transportation of the defendant from Lamezia Terme, Calabria to Knoxville, Tennessee.

Fifteen Members and Associates of Philadelphia La Cosa Nostra Indicted on Federal Racketeering Charges11/23/2020 12:00 AM EST

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. ISIS attack hits Kabul as Pompeo joins Afghanistan peace talks
(The Associated Press) Mortar shells slammed into a residential area of Afghanistan’s capital and killed eight people Saturday, hours before outgoing U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo held meetings with the Taliban and Afghan government negotiators trying to hammer out a peace deal.
  2. Trump administration pulls out of Open Skies treaty with Russia
(The Hill) The Trump administration has officially withdrawn from the Open Skies treaty, six months after starting the process to leave.
  3. Experts tell lawmakers rapid Afghanistan withdrawal is a recipe for another terror attack
(Military Times) While the Trump administration may feel confident that Afghanistan is no longer a safe haven for al-Qaida, experts who testified before the House Armed Services Committee on Friday warned that withdrawing troops without a peace agreement amounts to a gradual surrender and could lay the groundwork for terrorist networks to once again make a home in the country and begin plotting against the U.S. anew.
  4. Report: ‘No one person’ could have known about Saudi gunman’s intentions before NAS Pensacola shooting
(Navy Times) At about 6:40 a.m. on Dec. 6, 2019, 2nd Lt. Mohammad Saeed Al-Shamrani, an international flight student from Saudi Arabia, entered the Naval Aviation Schools Command building on Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida.
  5. US Navy admiral makes unannounced visit to Taiwan, sources say
(Reuters) A two-star Navy admiral overseeing U.S. military intelligence in the Asia-Pacific region has made an unannounced visit to Taiwan, two sources told Reuters on Sunday.

Coronavirus Disease

Wear a mask. Protect Others.

Thanksgiving Updated

Traditional Thanksgiving gatherings with family and friends are fun but can increase the chances of getting or spreading COVID-19 or the flu. Follow these tips to make your Thanksgiving holiday safer.

The safest way to celebrate Thanksgiving this year is to celebrate with people in your household. If you do plan to spend Thanksgiving with people outside your household, take steps to make your celebration safer.

Everyone Can Make Thanksgiving Safer

Wear a mask

illustration of a young woman leaving home wearing a mask
  • Wear a mask with two or more layers to stop the spread of COVID-19.
  • Wear the mask over your nose and mouth and secure it under your chin.
  • Make sure the mask fits snugly against the sides of your face.

Stay at least 6 feet away from others who do not live with you

illustration of a person and child wearing masks standing six feet apart from a young woman wearing a mask

Wash your hands

illustration of a person wearing a mask washing their hands
  • Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Keep hand sanitizer with you and use it when you are unable to wash your hands.
  • Use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.

Attending a Gathering

illustration of a woman wearing a mask arriving for a gathering

Make your celebration safer. In addition to following the steps that everyone can take to make Thanksgiving safer, take these additional steps while attending a Thanksgiving gathering.

  • Bring your own food, drinks, plates, cups, and utensils.
  • Wear a mask, and safely store your mask while eating and drinking.
  • Avoid going in and out of the areas where food is being prepared or handled, such as in the kitchen.
  • Use single-use options, like salad dressing and condiment packets and disposable food containers, plates and utensils.

Hosting a Thanksgiving Gathering

illustration of friends gathering outdoors wearing masks and six feet apart

If having guests to your home, be sure that people follow the steps that everyone can take to make Thanksgiving safer. Other steps you can take include:

  • Have a small outdoor meal with family and friends who live in your community.
  • Limit the number of guests.
  • Have conversations with guests ahead of time to set expectations for celebrating together.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and items between use.
  • If celebrating indoors, make sure to open windows.
  • Limit the number of people in food preparation areas.
  • Have guests bring their own food and drink.
  • If sharing food, have one person serve food and use single-use options, like plastic utensils.

Thanksgiving Travel

Travel increases your chance of getting and spreading COVID-19. Staying home is the best way to protect yourself and others.

If you do travel

illustration of two people in an airport terminal wearing masks and maintaining six-feet distance
  • Check travel restrictions before you go.
  • Get your flu shot before you travel.
  • Always wear a mask in public settings and on public transportation.
  • Stay at least 6 feet apart from anyone who is not in your household.
  • Wash your hands often or use hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your mask, eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Bring extra supplies, such as masks and hand sanitizer.

Consider Other Thanksgiving Activities

Host a virtual Thanksgiving meal with friends and family who don’t live with you

illustration of a young family enjoying a virtual meal with an older couple
  • Schedule a time to share a meal together virtually.
  • Have people share recipes and show their turkey, dressing, or other dishes they prepared.

Watch television and play games with people in your household

  • Watch Thanksgiving Day parades, sports, and movies at home.
  • Find a fun game to play.


  • Shop online sales the day after Thanksgiving and days leading up to the winter holidays.
  • Use contactless services for purchased items, like curbside pick-up.
  • Shop in open air markets staying 6 feet away from others.

Other Activities

  • Safely prepare traditional dishes and deliver them to family and neighbors in a way that does not involve contact with others (for example, leave them on the porch).
  • Participate in a gratitude activity, like writing down things you are grateful for and sharing with your friends and family.
illustration of a young man wearing a mask delivering a meal to an older woman


Cardi B Just Made History at the 2020 American Music Awards

Cardi B just broke a major record at the American Music Awards when she won this award for “WAP.”


Related: Watch Cardi B’s Daughter Kulture Crash Her IG Video

It was a big, history-making night at the American Music Awards for rapper Cardi B

At the AMAs on Nov. 22, the artist became the first artist in history to win Favorite Song in the Rap/Hip Hop category at the AMAs twice. She first earned the award in 2018 with her hit single “Bodak Yellow,” and returned to the AMAs stage to take home the prize again for her song “WAP” with Megan thee Stallion



Deep Frozen Arctic Microbes Are Waking Up

Thawing permafrost is releasing microorganisms, with consequences that are still largely unknown

Deep Frozen Arctic Microbes Are Waking Up
Thermokarst, Russia. Credit: Getty Images

In August 2019, Iceland held a funeral for the Okjökull Glacier, the first Icelandic glacier lost to climate change. The community commemorated the event with a plaque in recognition of this irreversible change and the grave impacts it represents. Globally, glacier melt rates have nearly doubled in the last five years, with an average loss of 832 mmw.e. (millimeters water equivalent) in 2015, increasing to 1,243 mmw.e. in 2020 (WGMS). This high rate of loss decreases glacial stores of freshwater and changes the structure of the surrounding ecosystem.

In the last 10 years, warming in the Arctic has outpaced projections so rapidly that scientists are now suggesting that the poles are warming four times faster than the rest of the globe. This has led to glacier melt and permafrost thaw levels that weren’t forecast to happen until 2050 or later. In Siberia and northern Canada, this abrupt thaw has created sunken landforms, known as thermokarst, where the oldest and deepest permafrost is exposed to the warm air for the first time in hundreds or even thousands of years.

As the global climate continues to warm, many questions remain about the periglacial environment. Among them: as water infiltration increases, will permafrost thaw more rapidly? And, if so, what long-frozen organisms might “wake up”?…CONTINUE READING

The Presidential Transition

Transition Highlights: Trump Authorizes Administration to Begin Working With Biden on Transition

Michigan certified its election results. President-elect Joe Biden is expected to announce his picks for key roles in his cabinet and administration, some of whom would make history. Senator Dianne Feinstein said she would relinquish the top Democratic spot on the Judiciary Committee next year.

Follow our latest coverage of the presidential transition.

Here’s what you need to know:

‘Real hope’ surrounding COVID vaccines ‘cannot be overstated’ – WHO chiefAlong with other tried and tested public health measures, the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) told journalists on Monday that “there is now real hope” that vaccines will play an essential part in helping end the COVID pandemic. Health©

UNFPA Sudan/Sufian Abdul-MoutUN ‘extremely concerned’ for safety of Tigray civilians in regional capital, as refugee numbers growThe UN on Monday said it was “extremely concerned” over the safety of civilians across Ethiopia’s Tigray region, as fighting between Government troops and those loyal to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) reportedly continued, with the Ethiopian Prime Minister having called on opposition forces to surrender the capital Mekelle, by Wednesday.Peace and Security

Unsplash/Johannes PlenioCarbon dioxide levels hit new record; COVID impact ‘a tiny blip’, WMO says  Levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere hit a new record of 410.5 parts per million in 2019, and are expected to keep rising this year, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said in its annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin on Monday.  Climate Change

UN Women/Alfredo GuerreroUN expert calls for urgent action to end ‘pandemic of femicide and violence against women’ COVID-19 is overshadowing what has become a “pandemic of femicide” and related gender-based violence against women and girls, said independent UN human rights expert Dubravka Šimonović on Monday, calling for the universal establishment of national initiatives to monitor and prevent such killings.  Human Rights©

UNICEF/Ismail TaxtaSomalia at a crossroad, UN envoy urges ‘deepened’ political consensusThe “broad political consensus” reached in September that ended a two-year stalemate in Somalia must be “preserved and indeed deepened”, the country’s UN envoy told the Security Council on Monday. Peace and Security©

WFP/Massoud HossainiAfghanistan: UN’s Grandi and Bachelet put plea for lasting ceasefire top of their wishlistTwo top UN officials called for an end to the long-running conflict in Afghanistan on Monday, telling a major conference in Geneva that normality could only return to the country if there was a sustained ceasefire.  Peace and Security

UNICEF/FernandezUNICEF planning ‘mammoth operation’ to deliver COVID-19 vaccinesThe UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is working with more than 350 partners, including major airlines, shipping lines and logistics associations from around the world, to deliver COVID-19 vaccines to over 92 countries, as soon as doses become available, the agency said on Monday. Health

YPN for UNOCHANo time to waste, as Yemen inches towards famine: UN Children’s FundRaising alarm over “an imminent catastrophe” in war-ravaged Yemen, the head of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has reiterated the urgent need for combatants to stop the fighting. Humanitarian Aid
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/24 –

South Carolina Man Pleads Guilty to Conspiracy to Provide Material Support to ISIS11/24/2020 12:00 AM EST
In San Antonio today, 34-year-old Kristopher Sean Matthews (aka Ali Jibreel) admitted to conspiring to provide material support to the designated foreign terrorist organization Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham/Syria (aka ISIS), announced Assistant Attorney General for National Security John C. Demers, U.S. Attorney Gregg N. Sofer for the Western District of Texas, and FBI Special Agent in Charge Christopher Combs, San Antonio Division.

Sixth Former Tennessee Corrections Officer Pleads Guilty to Federal Offenses Arising out of a Cover Up of Staff Assault of an Inmate11/24/2020 12:00 AM EST
Former Tennessee Department of Corrections (TDOC) Corporal Tommy Morris, 29, pleaded guilty to conspiring to cover up the beating of an inmate and to encouraging other officers to provide false information to investigators, the Justice Department announced today.

Justice Department Files Disability Discrimination Lawsuit Against Village of Hinsdale, Illinois Under Fair Housing Act11/24/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Justice Department today filed a lawsuit against the Village of Hinsdale, Illinois, alleging disability discrimination in violation of the Fair Housing Act.  

Opioid Manufacturer Purdue Pharma Pleads Guilty to Fraud and Kickback Conspiracies11/24/2020 12:00 AM EST
Opioid manufacturer Purdue Pharma LP (Purdue) pleaded guilty today in federal court in Newark, New Jersey, to conspiracies to defraud the United States and violate the anti-kickback statute.

Five MS-13 Members Charged with Murder11/24/2020 12:00 AM EST
Five local members of the violent Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) international street gang are set to appear in court following charges of conspiracy and murder in aid of racketeering, announced Acting Assistant Attorney General Brian C. Rabbitt of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division and U.S. Attorney Ryan K. Patrick of the Southern District of Texas.

Massachusetts Man Charged with Child Pornography Possession11/24/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Sutton, Massachusetts, man was arrested and charged today with possession of child pornography.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Biden begins choosing national security team
(The Associated Press) President-elect Joe Biden is moving to fill out his national security team with a raft of appointments to top positions.
  2. Trump set on veto of defense bill over renaming bases honoring Confederates
(NBC News) The president has told lawmakers he won’t back down from a campaign threat to scuttle defense spending bill over proposed changes.
  3. Biden’s choice for secretary of Defense still in flux
(Politico) While Michèle Flournoy is a strong contender, people close to the president-elect say he’s not entirely sold.
  4. For now, US troops won’t be required to get new COVID-19 vaccine
( As the U.S. Food and Drug Administration weighs whether to issue an emergency use authorization for a coronavirus vaccine, Defense Department officials say the inoculations will remain voluntary once the FDA gives the OK.
  5. Taiwan to protect sovereignty with new submarines amid China tensions
(Reuters) Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen on Tuesday vowed to defend the democratic island’s sovereignty with the construction of a new fleet of domestically-developed submarines, a key project supported by the United States to counter neighboring China.

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world. Wikipedia

Ongoing armed conflicts, as of October 2020

Major wars, 10,000+ deaths in current or past calendar year  Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past calendar year  Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past calendar year  Skirmishes and clashes, 10–99 deaths in current or past calendar year

List guidelines

Deaths by country

This section details armed conflict-related fatalities by country.

Conflict-related fatalities in the world's 17 deadliest countries 2014 - 2019

1 SyriaNegative increase76,021 SyriaPositive decrease55,219  Syria 49,742  Syria 39,000  Afghanistan 35,941  Afghanistan 41,735
2 South SudanNegative increase50,000[354] AfghanistanNegative increase36,345  Mexico 23,953* [355]  Mexico 31,174*  Mexico 33,341*[356]  Mexico 35,588*
3 MexicoPositive decrease27,662* [357] IraqNegative increase24,113  Iraq 23,898  Afghanistan 23,065  Yemen 22,201  Yemen 16,050
4 IraqNegative increase24,000[358][359] MexicoPositive decrease20,525*[360]  Afghanistan 23,539  Iraq 13,187  Syria 19,799–23,000  Syria 11,244
5 AfghanistanNegative increase14,638 NigeriaPositive decrease8,122  Somalia 5,575  Myanmar 6,700+  Iraq 4,920  Saudi Arabia 4,832
6 NigeriaNegative increase11,360 YemenNegative increase6,425  Nigeria 4,684  Somalia 4,969

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The Recording Academy

2021 GRAMMYs


Participating Talent For 2021 GRAMMY Nominations Announced: Dua Lipa, Sharon Osbourne, Imogen Heap And More

Additional talent, including Pepe Aguilar, Mickey Guyton, Lauren Daigle, Nicola Benedetti, Gayle King and more, will join Chair and Interim Recording Academy President/CEO Harvey Mason jr. to announce the nominees for the 63rd GRAMMY Awards

The Recording Academy revealed the first round of talent who will be joining Chair and Interim Recording Academy President/CEO Harvey Mason announce nominees for the 63rd GRAMMY Awards on.

Four-time GRAMMY-winning Regional Mexican singer-songwriter Pepe Aguilar, Nigerian Afropop singer Yemi Alade, GRAMMY-winning classical violinist Nicola Benedetti, two-time GRAMMY-winning contemporary Christian singer Lauren Daigle, country singer-songwriter Mickey Guyton, two-time GRAMMY-winning recording artist and past GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony host Imogen Heap, “CBS This Morning” anchor Gayle King, two-time GRAMMY-winning singer-songwriter Dua Lipa and “The Talk” host Sharon Osbourne will be part of the nominations livestream

9:00 a.m PT/12:00 p.m. ET

The livestream will be available to view on Additional talent will be revealed in the upcomingdays. See details for the full 2021 GRAMMY nominations livestream run of show below.

Immediately following the livestream, the press release and a full nominations list will be on, and the Recording Academy’s social media platforms. Select clips of each participant will be made available as well. 

The 63rd GRAMMY Awards will be broadcast in HDTV and 5.1 surround sound on the CBS Television Network, Sunday, Jan. 31, at 8:00 p.m. ET/5:00 p.m. PT. 


MOXIE Could Help Future Rockets Launch Off Mars

Engineers lower MOXIE into the belly of NASA's Perseverance rover

An illustration of MOXIE and its components

Engineers lower MOXIE into the belly of NASA’s Perseverance rover. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
› Larger view

NASA’s Perseverance rover carries a device to convert Martian air into oxygen that, if produced on a larger scale, could be used not just for breathing, but also for fuel.

One of the hardest things about sending astronauts to Mars will be getting them home. Launching a rocket off the surface of the Red Planet will require industrial quantities of oxygen, a crucial part of propellant: A crew of four would need about 55,000 pounds (25 metric tons) of it to produce thrust from 15,000 pounds (7 metric tons) of rocket fuel.

That’s a lot of propellant. But instead of shipping all that oxygen, what if the crew could make it out of thin (Martian) air? A first-generation oxygen generator aboard NASA’s Perseverance rover will test technology for doing exactly that.


UN News


DR Congo: War crimes conviction ‘an important victory’ for justice – UN envoy 

© UNICEF/Vincent TremeauA 12-year-old former child soldier was reunited with an uncle with support from a UNICEF-supported Transit and Orientation Center in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).Law and Crime Prevention

Two senior UN officials welcomed on Tuesday the war crimes conviction and life sentencing of an armed combatant in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). 

Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Pramila Patten, and her counterpart on Children and Armed Conflict, Virginia Gamba, lauded the Cour Militaire Opérationnelle of North Kivu for the conviction and sentencing of Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka – part of the Nduma Defence of Congo armed group (NDC-Sheka) – on charges that included rape, sexual slavery and the recruitment of children.  

Ms. Gamba called the verdict “an important victory for those who seek justice for grave violations against children” in the DRC and elsewhere.  

“It is a formidable example showing that no individual, no matter how powerful, is immune from being held accountable for those violations”, she added. 

Appalling crimes 

He and co-conspirators, including Séraphin Nzitonda Habimana, also known as Lionceau, of the so-called Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), were tried for mass crimes committed between 2010 and 2017. 

Among the violations were attacks in 2010 against civilians in Walikale territory in which the UN Joint Human Rights Office said that at least 387 civilians suffered sexual violence. The Security Council condemned the assaults in the strongest terms and called for the perpetrators to be held accountable and prosecuted.  

Thereafter, Mr. Sheka was added to the Security Council sanctions list for the DRC. Following a two-year trial that began in 2018, both defendants were found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. 

“My mandate has pursued justice for Messrs. Sheka and Lionceau’s crimes with a coalition of national and international partners, for the sexual violence they have committed for over a decade”, explained Ms. Patten. “The verdict sends a strong signal that impunity for sexual violence in Congo will not be tolerated”. 

Verdict sends ‘clear message’ 

Both UN envoys praised the brave victims who came forward to testify, their attorneys and the Congolese prosecutors who pursued the case with diligence.  

They highlighted the broad coalition of national and international actors who worked together to ensure that justice was done, which they maintained stands as a model for the future. 

Moreover, the Special Representatives welcomed the UN’s technical support, particularly that of its Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) as well as the military justice authorities that contributed to the outcome. 

“North Kivu is still subject to insecurity and sexual violence, but this verdict is a clear message to perpetrators that you will be brought to justice no matter how long it takes”, said Ms. Patten. 

‘Justice will prevail’ 

Ms. Gamba added, that “through this verdict, once again parties to conflict are reminded that violations against children cannot be overlooked, and that sooner or later justice will prevail”.  

The Special Representatives also called upon the DRC Government to provide reparations and support to victims of Mr. Sheka’s crimes who still suffer long after the violations.

Afghanistan conference draws donor pledges and calls for lasting ceasefire International donors pledged financial and political support for Afghanistan’s peace process at the 2020 Afghanistan Conference in Geneva on Tuesday, anticipating a sustainable ceasefire that will help the country rebuild and heal after decades of conflict. Peace and Security©

UNHCR/Olivier JobardProtect civilians uphold human rights, UN tells warring parties in EthiopiaThe UN’s top human rights official has called on the parties to the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region to give “clear and unambiguous orders” to their forces not to target civilians, and protect them from assault. Peace and Security©

UNICEF/AnmarIraq: Continued international support vital amid ‘multiple storms’As authorities in Iraq continue to operate “in the eye of multiple storms”, international support remains essential for resolving ongoing political, security, economic and social crises, as well as the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic, the Security Council heard on Tuesday. Peace and Security©

UNICEF/Vincent TremeauDR Congo: War crimes conviction ‘an important victory’ for justice – UN envoy Two senior UN officials welcomed on Tuesday the war crimes conviction and life sentencing of an armed combatant in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Law and Crime Prevention

Antonio Dourado‘Deplorable’ killing of Afro-Brazilian man shows need to address racism, discriminationThe killing of an Afro-Brazilian man, and the widespread outrage it has sparked, underscores the urgent need for the Government to tackle racism and racial discrimination in South America’s largest country, the UN human rights office, OHCHR, said on Tuesday. Human Rights

UNDP Colombia/Jurany Carabani‘Foundational and necessary change’ needed to heal post-COVID worldWith the COVID-19 pandemic precipitating one of the world’s worst health, socioeconomic and humanitarian crises in over a century, the UN chief told a high-level discussion on Tuesday to seize the opportunity “to make real, foundational, and necessary change”. Economic Development©

FAO/Haji DirirFears of Desert Locust resurgence in Horn of AfricaThe Desert Locust crisis which struck the greater Horn of Africa region earlier this year threatening food supplies for millions, could re-escalate as recent strong winds carried mature swarmlets from southern Somalia into eastern and northeastern Kenya, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said on Tuesday.Humanitarian Aid
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.


Protect civilians uphold human rights, UN tells warring parties in Ethiopia

© UNHCR/Olivier JobardA young Ethiopian refugee collects a mattress at a transit site in Hamdayet, Sudan. According to UNHCR, the number of refugees streaming into eastern Sudan has surpassed 40,000 since the crisis began.Peace and Security

The UN’s top human rights official has called on the parties to the conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region to give “clear and unambiguous orders” to their forces not to target civilians, and protect them from assault. 

In a statement on Tuesday, Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, voiced concern that rhetoric on both sides ahead of what it is feared will be a major battle for the regional capital, Mekelle, “is dangerously provocative and risks placing already vulnerable and frightened civilians in grave danger”. 

11/25 –

Venezuelan Business Executive Charged in Connection with International Bribery and Money Laundering Scheme11/25/2020 12:00 AM EST
A dual Venezuelan-Italian citizen who controlled multiple companies via U.S. based bank accounts was charged in an indictment returned Tuesday for his role in laundering the proceeds of inflated contracts that were obtained by making bribe payments to officials at Venezuela’s state-owned and state-controlled energy company Petróleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA).

Sussex County Woman Charged with Concealing Terrorist Financing to Syrian Al-Nusra Front, a Foreign Terrorist Organization11/25/2020 12:00 AM EST
A Sussex County, New Jersey, woman, Maria Bell, a/k/a “Maria Sue Bell,” 53, of Hopatcong, New Jersey, was arrested at her home today and charged with one count of knowingly concealing the provision of material support and resources to a Foreign Terrorist Organization Assistant Attorney General for National Security John C. Demers and U.S. Attorney Craig Carpenito for the District of New Jersey announced.

North Carolina Sport Supplement Company and Its Owner Plead Guilty to Unlawful Distribution of Steroid-like Drugs11/25/2020 12:00 AM EST
A North Carolina resident and his sport supplement company pleaded guilty today to a felony charge relating to the introduction of unapproved new drugs into interstate commerce, the Department of Justice announced.

Justice Department Requires Divestiture of Credit Karma Tax for Intuit to Proceed with Acquisition of Credit Karma11/25/2020 12:00 AM EST
The Department of Justice announced today that it is requiring Intuit Inc. and Credit Karma Inc. (Credit Karma) to divest Credit Karma’s tax business, Credit Karma Tax, to Square Inc. in order for Intuit, the creator of TurboTax, to proceed with its $7.1 billion acquisition of Credit Karma.  The department said that without this divestiture, the proposed transaction would substantially lessen competition for digital do-it-yourself (DDIY) tax preparation products, which are software programs used by American taxpayers to prepare and file their federal and state returns.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  Mattis calls on Biden to scrap ‘America First’ policy, slow pullout from Afghanistan
( Former Defense Secretary Jim Mattis has broken his silence on the election with a public call to President-elect Joe Biden to alter the course of current defense policy.
  Biden’s gender parity pledge could be watershed moment for women in national security
(Defense News) In the summer of 2019, when it was unclear who would emerge from a crowded Democratic primary, a small nonprofit without a single full-time staff member managed to convince 17 candidates to sign a pledge that at least 50 percent of their national security Senate-confirmed positions would be women.
  Here’s what you need to know about the military’s coronavirus vaccine roll-out
(Military Times) There are scant details yet available on when a COVID-19 vaccine will be distributed to service members and whether it will be mandatory, the Pentagon’s top spokesman told reporters Tuesday.
  Pentagon transition begins, with a COVID-19 twist
(Defense News) Less than a day after the General Services Administration opened the doors for the landing team from the Biden-Harris campaign to arrive at the Pentagon, members have already had two conversations with current defense officials, with more to come.
  Big Navy plans to offer ‘early out’ options for certain enlisted sailors
(Navy Times) Big Navy plans to offer “limited, voluntary early separations” for sailors in certain overmanned ratings and year groups who want to leave the service before their contractual obligations are up.

What is Power?



Intelligent Life Really Can’t Exist Anywhere Else

Hell, our own evolution on Earth was pure luck.By Caroline Delbert

  • Cosmic statisticians say the likelihood of life evolving on Earth is even less than we thought.
  • Analysis suggests individual steps in evolution were more likely to take longer than Earth’s existence.
  • The scientists say this research is designed give future researchers a foundation.


The Weeknd, Justin Bieber and Nicki Minaj Slam Grammys After 2021 Nominations Announced

By Johnni Macke

Not holding back! The Weeknd called out the Grammys hours after the 2021 nominations were announced on Tuesday, November 24.

All of the Biggest 2020 Album Releases: Selena, Justin, Dua Lipa and More

“The Grammys remain corrupt,” the “Blinding Lights” singer, 30, tweeted on Tuesday. “You owe me, my fans and the industry transparency…”

The Weeknd was shut out completely by the Recording Academy despite his album, After Hours, and its many singles being a staple on the airwaves. During 2020, he had two singles land in the top 10 on the Billboard charts and six songs make it on the Billboard Global 200 list.

The Weeknd, Justin Bieber, Nicki Minaj Shutterstock (3)

The “Save Your Tears” artist, who earned eight 2020 American Music Awards nominations last month and won three trophies on Sunday, November 22, was not alone in his gripes against how the Grammys picks nominees. Justin Bieber and Nicki Minaj threw shade at the awards show on social media for their own reasons on Tuesday.

The “Yummy” singer, 26, who was nominated for four Grammy Awards, including Best Pop Vocal Album voiced his issues with his album, Changes, being classified as a pop album and not a R&B record…CONTINUE READING


Skai Jackson confuses fans with latest Instagram post: ‘What is this Black girl magic?’

Megan Sims

  • Skai Jackson

  Skai Jackson and mom look like ‘sisters’ in cozy lounge wearAd:

Skai Jackson is confusing her fans with her latest Instagram post.

The 18-year-old Disney Channel alum shared a picture of herself in Skims loungewear. The other woman wearing a matching set? That’s her mother, Kiya Cole, not her sister or twin, as many fans assumed.


Follow Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich in Real Time As It Orbits Earth

Screenshot of Sentinel-6 as it appears on NASA's Eyes visualization tool
The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California on Nov. 21. NASA’s Eyes visualization tools lets you track the spacecraft as begins its mission to measure sea level height as it orbits Earth. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
› Larger view

With NASA’s Eyes on the Earth web-based app, you can tag along with the U.S.-European satellite as it orbits the globe, gathering critical measurements of our changing planet.

When Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich was encapsulated in the payload fairing of a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, it was the last time human eyes would have a close-up look at the satellite. But now that the spacecraft is in orbit after launching from Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California on Nov. 21, NASA’s Eyes on the Earth is keeping track.

The app provides a 3D visualization of the sea-level-monitoring satellite, letting you see where it is right now as it glides over the cloud-covered globe. 👀

Find out more about Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich as it orbits Earth to collect critical sea level and atmospheric data. Click anywhere on the image to take it for a spin. View the full interactive experience and fly along with the mission in real time at Eyes on the Solar System. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Rendered in stunning detail, the spacecraft’s avatar even includes the instruments it will use to measure sea level height and gather atmospheric data. With the click of a mouse, you can rotate the satellite to see it from any angle, watch it fly above Earth in real-time, or speed it up to see its entire five-and-a-half-year mission unfold over a few minutes.

“What we create for Eyes is an engineering model of the real thing. You can get lost in the detail – not just in how the sunlight reflects off the spacecraft’s solar panels but how you can track its exact location in orbit,” said Jason Craig, visualization producer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California. “We have data streaming from space missions near and far, and we’ve put that data to work. Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich is only the latest spacecraft to be added to the growing number of missions.”


UN News


End gender-based violence, ‘once and for all’, UN urges on International Day

UN WomenA stage at a youth festival in the Solomon Islands sending a strong message: “NO MORE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS”Women

Commemorating the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on Wednesday, the United Nations has called on governments worldwide to redouble efforts and eradicate gender-based violence forever. 

In his message for the day, Secretary-General António Guterres underlined the need to prioritize women’s leadership in finding solutions and to engage more men in the struggle. 

“The global community needs to hear the voices and experiences of women and girls and take into account their needs, especially survivors and those who face multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination”, he said. 

Mr. Guterres reiterated his call from April this year, when he urged the international community to work to end the “shadow pandemic” of gender-based violence. 

“I reiterate and relaunch that appeal today”, he said. 

Supporting ‘first responders’ 

The UN chief highlighted that action to stop violence against women, needed predictable and flexible funding for women’s rights organizations, which so often act as first responders in countries across the world.   

“It is critical that services for survivors of violence remain open, with adequate resources and measures in place to support health, social and justice responses”, he added. 

He went on to note that such measures should not only focus on interventions once violence against women has occurred, but that they should work to “prevent violence occurring in the first place”, including through addressing cultural forces and societal norms, that create power imbalances.  

Police and judicial systems also need to become more accountable, to make sure  perpetrators don’t act with impunity. 

“On this international day, let us redouble our efforts to eradicate gender-based violence forever,” declared Mr. Guterres. 

COVID-19 and violence against women 

While violence against women and girls has been a persisting and pervasive problem, it has only worsened with the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Domestic violence, in particular, has escalated dramatically, according to UN-Women

Women and girls are also disproportionately affected by the pandemic’s socio-economic impact, increasing the risk of violence. 

Against this background, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director of UN-Women, wrote to political leaders across the world and urged them to take tangible action and express their commitments to end violence against women. 

“As the world prepares to mark the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women”, she said, “I would like to call on your Government to make visible at the highest level your commitment to addressing violence against women and girls in the context of COVID-19” she said. 

Ms. Mlambo-Ngcuka suggested that leaders highlight such commitments through statements on social media, a video message or text. 

The International Day 

In December 1999, the UN General Assembly designated 25 November as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, inviting governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations to hold activities designed to raise public awareness on the issue. 

The Day also commemorates the brutal assassination in 1960, of the three Mirabal sisters, political activists in the Dominican Republic, on orders of former ruler Rafael Trujillo.

Build on momentum to end violence against women and girls: Secretary-GeneralAlthough much progress has been made in highlighting the pressing issue of violence against women and girls, UN Secretary-General António Guterres is pushing the world to go further towards ending what he has characterized as a blight on all societies. Women

UNICEF/Ashawi‘Incredibly hard’ winter beckons for Syrians, more assistance urgently needed More than three million people across Syria require assistance through what is likely to be an “incredibly hard” winter, the acting deputy UN Emergency Relief Coordinator told the Security Council on Wednesday, highlighting that those displaced remain “particularly vulnerable”.  Peace and Security

MAG LebanonAlert over growing use of cluster munitions, despite stockpile reductionsLethal cluster munitions are still being used in old and new conflicts around the world, from Syria to Libya, to Nagorno-Karabakh, a UN-backed civil society report said on Wednesday.Peace and Security

UNRWA/Khalil AdwanUN report finds Gaza suffered $16.7 billion loss from siege and occupationIsrael’s military operations and prolonged closure of Gaza, has caused economic damage of $16.7 billion between 2007 and 2018, driving the poverty rate up almost fourfold compared to what it might have otherwise been, the UN trade and development agency UNCTAD said in a report published on Wednesday.Economic Development

Unsplash/Behrouz JafarnezUN experts decry Iran’s reported plan to execute Iranian-Swedish academicIran must halt any planned execution of Iranian-Swedish academic Ahmadreza Djalali, who has not been given a fair trial and was forced to confess under torture, two experts advising the UN Human Rights Council said on Wednesday. Human Rights

UNICEF/Frank DejonghA child infected with HIV every 100 seconds, new UN report revealsApproximately once every minute and 40 seconds, a child or young person under the age of 20 was infected with HIV last year, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has reported, calling on governments to “protect, sustain and accelerate” efforts to combat childhood HIV. Health

UN WomenEnd gender-based violence, ‘once and for all’, UN urges on International DayCommemorating the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on Wednesday, the United Nations has called on governments worldwide to redouble efforts and eradicate gender-based violence forever. Women©

UNICEF/Alessio RomenziUN officials denounce bombings in northern SyriaTwo separate bomb attacks in northern Syria on Tuesday, which reportedly left at least seven civilians dead and many more wounded, have been condemned by the UN.Peace and Security
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.


We received this and thought we’d immediately post it in an effort of damage control/AMHC

Your reputation and business are at stake!We on your behalf in the message your website address and your contact information (including in social. Networks and messengers) will send:+ on 15,897,318 sites, threats with insults to site owners, US residents, Europeans, LGBT and BLM.+ 790,000 messages to bloggers with threats and insults+ 2 367 896 public figures and politicians (from the USA and Europe) with threats and insults+ 70,000 negative reviews about you and your website 23 467 849 contact forms of sites with threats and insults+ 150,000 emails messages to people with disabilities with threats and insults, many of them will definitely sue you+ 57000 emails of messages to veterans with threats and insults, FOR THIS YOU WILL BE EXACTLY SITTEDFollowing from all of the above, you will get a lot of losses:+ an abuse from spam house, amazon and many webmasters (for spam, insults and threats) will come to your site, as a result, your domain will be banned and blacklisted+ people will sue you because you threatened and humiliated them+ in court you will not prove anything, everything will look as if you did it all, MOST YOU WILL GO TO PRISON+ internet will be inundated with negative reviews about you and your website threats and reprisals from BLM and LGBT community members, in fact, these are dangerous community guysTotal: you will lose your business, all your money, you will spend on lawyers and compensation for court decisions, you will go to jail, your life will turn to hell …We already have everything ready to launch all of the above, but we decided to give you a chance to avoid all this, you can buy off a small amount of money.Make a payment, transfer 0.39 Bitcoins to this address1JDYfBMP3vg8TcuFuwSHc1Wop3rREqupC4We are waiting for the transfer from you until November 27, on Saturday November 28, if payment does not come from you, we will begin to destroy your business and you along with it.

11/26 –

What are you grateful for this year?

What things, people, or ideas are you appreciating right now? 

Zoom is Thankful for You!
Happy Thanksgiving
Hi there,

We here at Zoom believe it is important to pause, give thanks, and recognize who and what we are grateful for. This Thanksgiving, we are thankful for Zoomers, our amazing customers that have inspired and delighted us in 2020.

To show our appreciation, we will be lifting the 40-minute time limit starting at midnight on November 26th through 6 a.m. ET November 27th for meetings globally.

We hope you are able to connect with family and friends to share a meal, raise a glass, and swap stories.

There is no action needed on your part; just connect over Zoom uninterrupted. We hope you have a wonderful holiday and find time to be together.

Team Zoom


Happy Thanksgiving & Holiday Season
We would like to take this moment to let you know how thankful we are to have you as part of our lighthouse family.
Enjoy the story below about a memorable Thanksgiving at Boon Island Lighthouse, written by Bob Trapani, Jr., ALF’s executive director.
We wish you and your family nothing but the best this Thanksgiving and throughout the holiday season.
Happy Thanksgiving!
A Thanksgiving to Remember at Boon Island Light
As autumn’s vibrant personality gives way to burnt oranges and browns, our thoughts naturally gravitate to the approaching holiday season. Beginning with Thanksgiving, we happily immerse ourselves in a time of heartfelt warmth with family and friends, all the while reflecting on the more important things of life – blessings that money cannot buy.Read the Story ‌  ‌  ‌

From the Director

Parag Chitnis, Acting NIFA Director
Dear Colleagues:
Thanksgiving is a time of reflection and gratitude. As I reflect on this year, I feel honored to be able to work with talented colleagues who are dedicated and enthusiastic about NIFA’s mission. I am thankful for the ones that stayed with NIFA to ensure its success during relocation. I am equally thankful for those who joined NIFA and brought new ideas for accomplishing NIFA’s mission and serve our stakeholders more efficiently than ever. Together, NIFA’s growing team represents and cherishes diversity, creativity, and drive for innovating processes and catalyzing new science frontiers. Together, we strive to serve our stakeholders better.We respect and trust each other, building a strong team spirit. Because of our exceptional teamwork across the agency, all of us rolled back our sleeves and got the job done in FY20. By doing so, we better served you – our stakeholders –  who are solving current agricultural challenges, exploring opportunities for the future of food and agricultural enterprise, and training tomorrow’s agricultural workforce. When the pandemic hit our country and we saw the emergent needs of our stakeholders, we responded with speed and agility to provide funding strategically. This  year has taught us to support each other every day and value our strong partnership.I am also thankful for a terrific leadership team at NIFA. They are motivated, enthusiastic about positive changes at NIFA, and think of the entire NIFA. They are dedicated to helping our stakeholder community, as we apply your input and feedback to improve the agency’s programs and services. Together, we thank you –  our stakeholders – for being incredibly supportive of NIFA and our work.Have a happy Thanksgiving holiday. And when you have your Thanksgiving feast on Thursday, please remember our collective work and investments played a role in putting that delicious meal on the table.ParagActing Director
National Institute of Food and Agriculture, USDA
Washington DC – Kansas City MO

The Lives Lost to COVID-19

By Joshua Gordon 

Follow the NIMH Director on Twitter

250,000 lives lost to COVID-19. ­­

The number of lives lost to COVID-19 is staggering. Unimaginable even. But we must guard against a too-distant perspective on these deaths, lest the inconceivable scope leads us to complacency and complacency to more deaths. We must remember that each life lost is a fellow human being, a whole person. That is our challenge in the era of a pandemic.

Three years ago, my friend Howard and I embarked on a project together. In the seeming long-ago days before the pandemic, we began reading the Norwegian author Karl­ Ove Knausgaard’s six-volume fictionalized autobiography, My Struggle. In fact, we began reading this 3,600-page opus so long ago that, in order to remember when we started, I searched through my Director’s Messages for a mention of it. In 2017, I noted in my message on summer reading how the first two volumes painted a scorchingly honest portrayal of the author’s development, compellingly illustrating the complex web of biology and experience that shapes who we are. This month, we finally finished the final, sixth volume. The complete series fleshed out the full picture of Knausgaard’s life, underscoring the impact an individual has on those around him, leaving Howard and me with a breathtaking, all-encompassing understanding of the whole Karl Ove.

Famously, and at times problematically, in Volume 6, the author digresses for some 400 pages to write about the Holocaust. One reason he does so is to comment on the very notion of what it means to know an individual person, and how challenging this can be in the face of huge losses of life such as those we are experiencing now. Such events, he writes, give us a too-distant perspective on the individuals who have died.

If we are far away … we see simply a mass of bodies … Human life as a cluster of mussels clinging to rocks in the sea, … man as a shoal of writhing fish brought gasping to the surface in nets. (Knausgaard, 2018, p. 818-819)

The antidote to this mass depersonalization, Knausgaard argues, is to focus on the story of the individual.

If, however, we stand up close to each individual, so close as to hear each name as it is whispered … and listen attentively to the story of a day in the life of each and every one of them, a day in the company of loved ones, families and friends, an ordinary day in an ordinary place … then the opposite becomes apparent: the [human being as] one. (Knausgaard, 2018, p. 819)

COVID-19 is not to be compared to the Holocaust. But Knausgaard’s antidote to depersonalization is nonetheless relevant. For the millions of Americans who have lost a close friend or loved one to COVID-19, hearing the whispers of a life lived in the company of loved ones can be incredibly comforting, even if those whispers are transmitted over the internet through a video call. Online and in-person funerals, wakes, and shivas provide opportunities to share those stories that underscore the uniqueness of a human life. At one such event, a shiva for a close friend’s father who died of COVID-19 this summer, I heard stories of the mundane—an everyday conversation outside a bagel shop with an old friend—and the profound—after retirement, he volunteered at a funeral home, comforting those in need. These details helped me learn more about my friend and his father. For many Americans—perhaps a majority—memorials like these have helped us achieve an infinitely more intimate understanding of the costs of the pandemic than staggering statistics could ever provide.

There are other ways of maintaining this intimate understanding. The New York Times has chronicled the lives of individuals who have died from COVID-19, some famous but most not. The series, titled “Those We’ve Lost,” commemorates the trials, tribulations, and achievements of a broad cross-section of our neighbors and friends, our fellows and colleagues, our beloved and befriended. They give names to some of those hundreds of thousands of lives and, by extension, help us feel compassion for all the others who are not named.

I am so very grateful that my friend Howard and I are surviving this pandemic, continuing our book club of two over video calls these days. As we move on to our next book (Mrs. Dalloway, by Virginia Woolf—quite a change of pace), I am also grateful for his friendship and the camaraderie and love from friends and family that are helping me see the light at the end of the COVID-19 tunnel. But I also know that for too many Americans, the end of the tunnel did not come soon enough. Let’s make sure to tell the stories of those who have lost their lives to COVID-19, to help understand the human level of this pandemic, and to support those who are still with us.

*This past year has been a difficult one for many people. If you or someone you know is struggling emotionally or has concerns about their mental health, there are ways to get help. Visit the NIMH Help for Mental Illnesses page to learn more.

Dear Fellow New Yorkers, 
I write to wish you a very Happy Thanksgiving. The past year has been one of the most challenging in history. In March and April, New York became the global hotspot of the COVID pandemic. We suffered unimaginable losses with deep pain. But in the months that followed New Yorkers made sacrifices, big and small, to help stop the spread and save lives. Together we worked to protect one another and the public health. It was truly inspiring. As we respond to a new surge in COVID, that hard work is once again required. Happy Thanksgiving, New York.Today is a day to reflect on our blessings and to share thanks. I am thankful for all our essential workers. For the doctors and nurses and medical staff who continue to put their health at risk to get us through this vicious pandemic. For the restaurant owners, business owners, bar owners who are hurting economically but still follow the rules to help keep patrons safe. For the bus drivers and train operators who show up every day so others can get to where they need to go. For every EMS worker, every first responder, every teacher. I am eternally thankful. I am thankful for each and every New Yorker who stepped up as one community to meet this unprecedented crisis. It was never only about what government did — it was about what each of you did. Today is not a normal Thanksgiving. It is hard that we cannot celebrate as we usually do with all the ones we love most. But we know that Thanksgiving is not just about the trappings, or about how many chairs you can fit around the table. It’s more profound, more meaningful, than that. This year we show our love to each other by continuing to look out for one another. And we know that if we continue to do so, we will have even more to be thankful for next year. 

Ever Upward, 
Governor Andrew M. Cuomo

Giving Thanks

This year more than ever, we’re thankful for you and for the community you’ve built around our nature and animal cameras. Despite all challenges, it’s been a year of togetherness. 

In honor of Thanksgiving, please enjoy a Celebration of the Turkeys Special courtesy of our partners at Farm Sanctuary. Watch some of your favorite turkeys enjoy a Thanksgiving feast, and learn about some great plant-based recipes to try!

Never Stop Learning,

The Explore Team



UN News


News in BriefUNAIDS India

Global HIV toll likely to be far higher owing to COVID-19, warns UNAIDSCountries should adopt ambitious new targets to tackle HIV / AIDS to avoid hundreds of thousands of additional infections and deaths linked to the COVID-19 pandemic, the UN said on Thursday.Health©

FAO/Marco LongariAddress water scarcity ‘immediately and boldly’, urges UN agriculture agency chief More than three billion people live in agricultural areas with high levels of water shortages and scarcity, the UN agriculture agency said in a new report launched on Wednesday. SDGs

ICC-CPI/Pete MullerFROM THE FIELD: Girl child soldier shunned at home in UgandaA young mother has been talking about how she was shunned by her community in Uganda when she returned home after being abducted and forced to fight for rebels as a child soldier.Peace and Security
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/27 –

More than 700 Members Of Transnational Organized Crime Groups Arrested in Central America in U.S. Assisted Operation11/27/2020 12:00 AM EST
Today, senior law enforcement officials from the United States, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras announced criminal charges in Central America against more than 700 members of transnational criminal organizations, primarily MS-13 and 18th Street gangs, which resulted from a one-week coordinated law enforcement action under Operation Regional Shield (ORS).

Mas De 700 Miembros De Grupos Criminales Transnacionalales Son Arrestados En Centro America En Operativo Con Asistencia De Los Estados Unidos11/27/2020 12:00 AM EST


Roadtrip Bubble

The seating and accomodations are limited due to social distancing and safety, but you can certainly travel along using your own transport.


UN News


UN rights experts condemn retaliatory arrests of activists in Egypt

Dominic Chavez/World BankThe city of Cairo. (file)Human Rights

A group of UN independent human rights experts have called on Egyptian authorities to “immediately and unconditionally” release activists arrested, apparently in retaliation, for discussing human rights issues with foreign ambassadors. 

The human rights activists, from the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), were arrested “within days” of a meeting with 13 foreign ambassadors and diplomats on 3 November, according to the UN human rights office (OHCHR). They face terrorism and public security charges.

“It is absolutely abhorrent to retaliate against human rights defenders from one of Egypt’s last functioning human rights NGOs, simply for exercising their right to freedom of expression by discussing Egypt’s human rights situation,” the UN experts said in a statement on Friday. 

“These arrests underline the very grave risks human rights defenders face in Egypt every day while carrying out their legitimate work … They are only the latest steps in an escalating campaign against EIPR and are part of a broader move to limit civic space and target those who operate within it,” they added. 

The arrested EIPR officials include Executive Director Gasser Abdel Razek; director of criminal justice Karim Ennarah; and administrative manager Mohammad Basheer. 

Targeted since 2016 

According to the statement, authorities have targeted the human rights NGO since 2016, when the bank accounts of former EIPR director and founder Hossam Bahgat were frozen and he was banned from leaving the country. In February 2020, EIPR’s gender rights researcher, Patrick Zaki, was arrested, and remains in pre-trial detention on charges relating to terrorism and incitement. 

All four men are being held in the Tora prison complex, just south of capital Cairo, with concerning reports that at least one of them is being held in solitary confinement.  

The experts called for charges against all four defenders to be dropped, for them to be released immediately and unconditionally, and for authorities to cease targeting Mr. Bahgat and EIPR. 

“We deeply regret that despite several calls from the United Nations human rights mechanisms and the international community, Egypt continues to use counter-terrorism legislation to target civil society,” the experts added. 

Protect human rights defenders 

In the statement, the UN rights experts also underscored that vilification of human rights defenders as a threat to society is not only harmful to the defenders, but to all members of Egyptian society. 

“Criminalizing those who defend human rights – and those who bring to light violations of human rights – undermines the sanctity of those rights,” they said. 

“Human rights defenders and civil society activists must never be penalized for their efforts to ensure the protection of the rights of others … These efforts must not be regarded as terrorism or a public threat. Quite the opposite: We should protect and value them for their contributions.” 

The UN rights experts making the call include the special rapporteurs on the situation of human rights defenders; on the rights of peaceful assembly and association; on human rights while countering terrorism; on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; on the freedom of opinion and expression; on the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health; and on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions; as well as members of the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances

The Special Rapporteurs and Working Groups are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. The experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary. They are independent from any government or organization and serve in their individual capacity. 

COVID-19: Testing still vital even as vaccines roll outTesting will still be a critical tool against COVID-19, even as vaccines are deployed against the disease, the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Friday during his regular briefing on the crisis. Health

WFP/Tsiory AndriantsoaranaRising hunger in drought-stricken southern Madagascar forcing families to eat insects: WFPHunger is on the rise in southern Madagascar due to consecutive years of drought,  affecting half the region’s population, or 1.5 million people, and forcing most families to eat insects, the World Food Programme (WFP) reported on Friday. Humanitarian Aid©

UNHCR/Olivier JobardFirst of four UN humanitarian airlifts for Ethiopia refugees lands in KhartoumAn airplane loaded with humanitarian supplies for people fleeing violence in Ethiopia’s Tigray region has arrived in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, the UN refugee agency (UNCHR) said on Friday, in an appeal for international assistance to cope with the growing numbers seeking shelter in Sudan.Migrants and Refugees

Giles Clarke/ Getty Images ReportageUN Committee urges end to impunity for enforced disappearances in IraqA pattern of enforced disappearance – and impunity for such acts – persists in Iraq, according to a report published on Friday by the UN Committee charged with monitoring how well the country upholds its international obligations in dealing with the issue.Human Rights

UNICEF/Nahom TesfayeAfrican nations ‘far from ready’ for COVID-19 vaccination drive, says UN health agencyAs efforts to find safe and effective vaccines for COVID-19 are showing increasing promise,  the African continent is “far from ready” to roll out what will be its largest ever immunization drive, the UN World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday.Health

Dominic Chavez/World BankUN rights experts condemn retaliatory arrests of activists in EgyptA group of UN independent human rights experts have called on Egyptian authorities to “immediately and unconditionally” release activists arrested, apparently in retaliation, for discussing human rights issues with foreign ambassadors. Human Rights
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

11/28 –

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Eight storytellers on stage.

Laugh, cry and escape into

24 hours of extraordinary stories 

Set Station

Stories from the Stage: 24-Hour Marathon

Thanksgiving is shaping up to be a little different this year. For millions of us, the weekend will be filled with firsts: cooks roasting their first turkey away from home, families virtually feasting together for the first time and…a holiday STORIES FROM THE STAGE marathon (perfect timing for those extra pounds)!

8:00p ET/5:00p PT

24-hour binge of storytelling – featuring over 100 extraordinary stories, two never-before-seen episodes GROWING UP BLACK and PRIDE, and the CAN’T-MISS STORIES FROM THE STAGE special. Join your weekend guests, hosts & storytellers Theresa Okokon and Wes Hazard on our social platforms – FacebookInstagramTwitter and YouTube – as they reveal the story behind the stories.

Watch these remarkable stories that remind us of the love, humor and humanity we share with your family and friends. Watch on WORLD Channel, and stream here on and YouTube.

Subscribe to our YouTube channel to be notified of when the 24-hour marathon and other STORIES videos go live!

11/29 –

In an abrupt shift, Mayor Bill de Blasio said he would reopen elementary schools in New York City and phase out hybrid learning.
Sunday, November 29, 2020
Mayor de Blasio said the city would abandon a 3 percent test positivity threshold that it had adopted for closing the school system, the largest in the country. And he said the system would aim to give most parents the option of sending their children to school five days a week, which would effectively end the so-called hybrid learning system.
Read the latest

The Children’s Books That Inspired Designers

By Catherine Hong

A scene from The Snowy Day by Ezra Jack Keats. Used with permission of the Ezra Jack Keats Foundation

Drawing Architecture.Photo: Courtesy of Phaidon


Beautiful Drawings by the World’s Most Famous Architects

They may even be more striking than the buildings they became

By Stefanie Waldek

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A mountain range.

“Vivid widescreen cinematography combines with an evocative score to create a beautiful backdrop for the film’s story.”

A Navajo coal miner, Lawrence, struggles with his part in the irreversible destruction of their sacred mountain at the hands of America’s largest coal producer. This deep spiritual sacrifice has caused him decades of emotional turmoil while providing for his family. 


What Native land do you occupy?  Find Out HERE.

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The story behind The Blessing.

Hunter Robert Baker and Jordan Fein talk about the five-year journey of making

The Blessing. The filmmakers share why trust and transparency became the driving force behind how they told this story.


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When the U.S. refused to pay billions of dollars to Native American landowners, one woman took action.

100 Years: One Woman’s Fight for Justice is the compelling story of Elouise Cobell, a petite Blackfeet warrior from Montana, the great granddaughter of the legendary, Mountain Chief. As an advocate for Native American financial self-determination and independence, she conducted her own investigation and uncovered longstanding abuses, mismanagement, denial and betrayal in the Bureau of Indian Affairs.


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“Our story hasn’t been fully heard.”

If you missed the “Tribal Sovereignty and Home” panel discussion it is now available to watch on demand.

Panelists: Dennis Bowen, Sr., former President of the Seneca Nation; Jim Gray, former Principal Chief of the Osage Nation; Misty Frazier (Santee Sioux/Tlingit), Executive Director of the Nebraska Indian Child Welfare Coalition; Laura L. Harris (Comanche) Executive Director and CEO of Americans for Indian Opportunity. Moderated by investigative journalist Jenni Monet (Laguna Pueblo).

You can watch all the films mentioned during the panel in Vision Maker Media’s

Tribal Sovereignty and Home film festival until 11/30.


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11/30 –

Owner and Operator of India-Based Call Centers Sentenced to Prison for Scamming U.S. Victims out of Millions of Dollars11/30/2020 12:00 AM EST
An Indian national was sentenced today to 20 years in prison followed by three years of supervised release in the Southern District of Texas for his role in operating and funding India-based call centers that defrauded U.S. victims out of millions of dollars between 2013 and 2016.

Pennsylvania Attorney Sentenced for Role in $2.7 Million Ponzi Scheme11/30/2020 12:00 AM EST
An Allentown, Pennsylvania, attorney was sentenced today to 78 months in prison followed by three years of supervised release for his role in a $2.7 million investment fraud scheme that victimized his law clients.

Statement by Assistant Attorney General Eric Dreiband on World AIDS Day11/30/2020 12:00 AM EST
On December 1, as our country joins in observing World AIDS Day, the Justice Department stands with all people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Since the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 30 years ago, the department has worked zealously, through enforcement, outreach, and technical assistance, to protect and advance the rights of people living with HIV and AIDS. This past year is no exception.

DEFENSE NEWS – Today’s Top 5
  1. Biden weighs retired General Lloyd Austin for Pentagon chief
(Axios) Joe Biden is considering retired four-star General Lloyd Austin as his nominee for defense secretary, adding him to a shortlist that includes Jeh Johnson, Tammy Duckworth and Michele Flournoy, two sources with direct knowledge of the decision-making tell Axios.
  2. Acting US defense secretary visits troops in rare visit to Somalia
(The Associated Press) The Pentagon’s acting defense secretary has made a rare visit to Somalia, a conflict-plagued nation in the Horn of Africa where American forces have been assisting in the fight against al-Qaida affiliate al-Shabab.
  3. Nimitz back in Persian Gulf, Iran vows revenge for killing of nuke scientist
(The Associated Press) Iran’s supreme leader on Saturday called for the “definitive punishment” of those behind the killing of a scientist linked to Tehran’s disbanded military nuclear program, a slaying the Islamic Republic has blamed on Israel.
  4. Air Force doctor killed in vehicle accident in United Arab Emirates
(Air Force Times) The Department of Defense announced Saturday the death of an airman who was supporting Operation Freedom’s Sentinel.
  5. The United States has closed at least 10 bases around Afghanistan. But drawdown details remain murky.
(Washington Post) The United States has closed at least 10 bases across Afghanistan since the signing of a deal with the Taliban in February, according to Afghan and U.S. officials, part of a drawdown process so murky that many here say they are uncertain of what’s to come despite a fast-approaching deadline

Notify NYC:

NYC public school buildings to reopen for 3-K, Pre-K & K-5 on Dec. 7. District 75 (all grades) on Dec. 10. More info:


UN News


New COVID-19 infections fall globally for first time since September; WHO chief urges ‘extreme caution’Last week saw the first global decline in newly reported cases of COVID-19 since September, the head of the UN World Health Organization (WHO) said on Monday, advising that the news, while welcome, must be interpreted with “extreme caution”. Health©

UNICEF/Michele SibiloniCOVID-19 worsening gender-based violence, trafficking risk, for women and girlsWith the COVID-19 pandemic heightening the dangers of gender-based violence and human trafficking, action on these two fronts is needed now more than ever, the head of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said on Monday. Women

UNICEF/ColfsCOVID-19 threatens global progress against malaria, warns UN health agencyGaps in life-saving interventions are undermining efforts to curb malaria, amid fears that the coronavirus pandemic could set back the fight against the disease even further, the UN World Health Organization (WHO) has said. Health

UNDP/Fahad KaizerUN chief calls for greater inclusion of persons with disabilitiesAchieving a world where all people have equal access to opportunities is a goal worth fighting for, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said on Monday in a speech calling for greater inclusion of persons with disabilities in society, including in COVID-19 response and recovery.  Human Rights©

UNHCR/Will SwansonUN refugee agency appeals for $147 million to support thousands of Ethiopians fleeing to SudanThe UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi has launched an appeal for $147 million to support as many as 100,000 people fleeing Ethiopia’s Tigray region into neighbouring Sudan, the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, said on Monday.Humanitarian Aid©

FAO/Teopista MutesiGrowing potatoes in the air: agricultural innovation in RwandaA Rwandan entrepreneur is pioneering the use of innovative farming technology that, he believes, is set to play a major role in feeding the growing population in his country, amid increasing pressure on arable land.Economic Development

Photo: OPCWConsign chemical weapons to history, UN chief urges, honouring victimsThe United Nations Secretary-General has called for “renewed determination” to eliminate chemical weapons from the world. Peace and Security

UN Geneva/Violaine MartinUN human rights office worried by killings in Indonesian provinces of Papua and West PapuaViolence is escalating in the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua, where meaningful and inclusive dialogue is urgently needed to address longstanding economic, social and political grievances, the UN human rights office said on Monday.  Human Rights

Maxime PontoireThe race to zero emissions, and why the world depends on itA host of countries have recently announced major commitments to significantly cut their carbon emissions, promising to reach “net zero” in the coming years. The term is becoming a global rallying cry, frequently cited as a necessary step to successfully beat back climate change, and the devastation it is causing.Climate Change©

UNICEF/NooraniThe pandemic is fuelling slavery and sexual exploitation, UN experts warnThe COVID-19 pandemic has played into the hands of slavers and traffickers and requires stronger government measures to prevent exploitation of vulnerable people, more than 50 independent UN human rights experts said in a statement on Monday. Human Rights

UN Women/Pichit PhromkadeFROM THE FIELD: Answering the call for help in ThailandViolence against women and girls at home affects millions globally. The problem is particularly pervasive as it occurs in a space women and girls should feel most secure. Women
Coronavirus Portal & News UpdatesReaders can find information and guidance on the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from the UN, World Health Organization and UN agencies here.

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12/4 –

12/5 –

Virtual Teen Studio—Fashion of the Future
10 am–1 pm (Middle School Students)
2–5 pm (High School Students)

Teens can unleash their creativity during a virtual fashion design workshop inspired by the Costume Institute exhibition About Time: Fashion and Duration. Advance registration is required.

Learn more →


1/6 –





International Convention of Psychological Science will be held in Brussels, Belgium, March 25–27, 2021. Learn more at



Three images of global locations

2021 Global Mental Health Research Without Borders Conference, April 5-6, 2021

The National Institute of Mental Health and Grand Challenges Canada are sponsoring the 11th Global Mental Health Research Conference on April 5-6, 2021, which will bring together researchers, innovators, and other stakeholders from around the globe. The conference will showcase findings from cutting-edge science and explore new opportunities for groundbreaking research.

Watch for the call for abstracts in August 2020.

Location: Natcher Conference Center, National Institutes of Health Campus, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.









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